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Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 1, Chapter 15: resignation from the army.-marriage to Miss Taylor.-Cuban visit.-winter in Washington.-President van Buren.-return to Brierfield, 1837. (search)
izing foreign plants for utilitarian purposes. While in Washington Mr. Davis paid a visit to the President, and was introduced by the Hon. Franklin Pierce. Mr. Van Buren came in to them, sozgndeacute;, astute, and apparently confiding as a boy; but when one tried to remember his confidences they were either utterances about perinted time, and the President paid him special attention and talked to him of the army, of general politics, and many more subjects which derived interest from Mr. Van Buren's rich stores of memory and graceful deference of manner. In the midst of a serious conversation after breakfast he looked at Mr. Davis, whose handsome archedor the President's notice of them. This attention to details-personal and governmental-wise reticence, and perfect breeding was probably the source of much of Mr. Van Buren's success. In the spring Mr. Davis's health was sufficiently recuperated for him to return home, and once more pick up the threads of his life, which had f
with all the facts of the transaction, and was himself Senator from Mississippi at the time. In the summer of the same year (1844) Mr. Davis was a delegate to the Democratic State Convention which assembled at Jackson to organize the gubernatorial canvass and to appoint delegates to the National Convention. Here he made his first conspicuous appearance as a coming leader in the party. Van Buren was the choice of the majority. A motion was made to instruct the delegates to support Mr. Van Buren in the Convention as long as there was any reasonable prospect of his selection. Mr. Davis offered an amendment instructing them to support John C. Calhoun as their second choice. In advocating this amendment he eulogized Mr. Calhoun and his principles in a speech of such force and eloquence that he was unanimously chosen an elector. As this was the only occasion on which I was ever a candidate for the legislature of Mississippi, it may be seen how unfounded was the allegation that at
the Latin or English classics — in the former of which he was a proficient scholar, and remembered them well because he loved them-but from the pure, high standard of right of which his course was the exemplar. His politics, like my father's, were what was then called Whig, as, indeed, were those of most of the gentlefolk of Natchez. Everybody took the National Intelligencer, then edited by Messrs. Gales & Seaton, who were men of sterling honesty, with strong Federal views. They held Mr. Van Buren's name and fame as anathema. They believed all they published, and, as a consequence, the Whigs believed them. In every argument the statements of the National Intelligencer were of frequent reference, and as to facts, accepted by both sides. These papers gave, in stately periods, the six weeks old news from the under world, and, as they were English, London was often the theme. We knew then more about Lord Brougham than about the Czar of Russia, more of the Duke of Wellington than o
e Mexicans to no good purpose. In 1829, Mr. Van Buren, as Gen. Jackson's Secretary of State, inson of the subject by our Government during Mr. Van Buren's term. Yet, so early as 1837, it had becinia, Alabama, and Missouri also supported Mr. Van Buren. Gen. Harrison was inaugurated on the 4th e Annexation project: first, the defeat of Mr. Van Buren in the Democratic National Convention; nex. Clay before the people. The defeat of Mr. Van Buren's nomination was first in order, and a mate people had been specially appealed to by Mr. Van Buren for the vindication of his conduct of publ seat in the House, a letter of inquiry to Mr. Van Buren, asking an expression of his opinions as tnexation. The writer commended himself to Mr. Van Buren as one of your warmest supporters in 1836 luence the result of its deliberations. Mr. Van Buren replied in a very long and elaborate lette1844 --three days earlier than the date of Mr. Van Buren's letter. Premising that he had believed [9 more...]
f Slavery into territory now Free, is to prohibit its extension in all such territory by an act of Congress. In the event, Gen. Taylor was chosen President, receiving the votes of New York, Pennsylvania, and thirteen other States, choosing 163 Electors. The strong Free Soil vote for Van Buren ensured to Gen. Cass the votes of Ohio, and of every other State North-west of the Ohio, most of them by a plurality only over Taylor. Gen. Cass carried fifteen States, choosing 137 Electors. Mr. Van Buren carried no Electors, but received a respectable support in every Free State, Rhode Island and New Jersey excepted. New York, Massachusetts, and Vermont, each gave a larger popular vote to him than to Gen. Cass; Wisconsin gave him nearly as many as Gen. Taylor. The entire popular vote (South Carolina not casting any) stood — Taylor and Fillmore, 1,360,752; Cass and Butler, 1,219,962; Van Buren and Adams, 291,342. Gen. Taylor had a majority of the Electoral and a plurality of the Popular
his portion of the New York Loco-Focos, these Barnburners, seized upon this Whig doctrine, and attached to it their policy, merely to give them the predominance over their rivals. * * * In this Buffalo platform, this Collect of the new school, there is nothing new. * * * Suppose all the Whigs should go over to the Free Soil party: It would only be a change of name; the principles would still be the same. But there would be one change which, I admit, would be monstrous — it would make Mr. Van Buren the head of the Whig party. [Laughter.] claimed Free soil as a distinctive Whig doctrine, and declared that, were the Whigs to join the peculiar Free soil organization, they would only make that the Whig party with Martin Van Buren at its head. Gov. Seward In his speech at Cleveland, Ohio, October 26, 1848, Gov. Seward said: A sixth principle is, that Slavery must be abolished. I think these are the principles of the Whigs of the Western Reserve of Ohio. <*> am not now to say f
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 2: early political action and military training. (search)
appointed cabinet officer of Jackson, and the able and upright Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. In this, however, we were unhappily disappointed by his too early death in the following October. His selection as a Democratic candidate for the presidency in 1848 was undoubtedly prevented by the unhappy controversies in the State of New York, which were carried into the national convention, of which I was a member, and which resulted in the withdrawal of the friends of Mr. Van Buren and the Free-Soil rupture in the party, with Van Buren for a candidate at the election. Notwithstanding the defeat of the Coalitionists in the election of 1852, the proposition to have a constitutional convention in Massachusetts, which had failed in 1851 by a majority of five thousand votes, was renewed by the legislature of 1852, and was carried by a majority of nearly the same number. The majority rule had caused many double elections for representatives to be held every year, pro
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adams, Charles Francis, 1807-1886 (search)
England, where he passed much of his childhood until the return of his family to America in 1817. Mr. Adams studied law in the office of Daniel Webster, and was admitted to the bar in 1828, but never practised it as a vocation. In 1829 he married a daughter of Peter C. Brooks, of Boston. For five years he was a member of the legislature of Massachusetts. Having left the Whig Party, he was a candidate of the free-soil party (q. v.) in 1848 for the Vice-Presidency of the United States. Mr. Van Buren being the candidate for the Presidency. They were defeated. In 1850-56 Mr. Adams published the Life and works of John Adams (his grandfather), in 10 volumes. In 1859 he was elected to Congress from the district which his father long represented. He was then a Republican in politics. In March, 1861, he was appointed minister to Great Britain, where he managed his diplomatic duties with much skill during one of the most trying times in our history — that of the Civil War. He remained
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bancroft, George, (search)
Humboldt, Cousin, and others. At Rome he formed a friendship with Chevalier Bunsen: he also knew Niebuhr. While engaged in the Round Hill School, Mr. Bancroft completed the first volume of his History of the United States, which was published in 1834. Ten volumes of this great work were completed and published in 1874, or forty years from the commencement of the work. The tenth volume brings the narrative down to the conclusion of the preliminary treaty of peace in 1782. In 1838 President Van Buren appointed Mr. Bancroft collector of the port of Boston. He was then engaged in delivering frequent political addresses, and took a deep interest in the philosophical movement now known as transcendentalism. He was a Democrat in politics, and in 1840 received the nomination for governor of Massachusetts, but was not elected. In 1845 President Polk called Mr. Bancroft to his cabinet as Secretary of the Navy, and he signalized George Bancroft, Ll.D. his administration by the establi
local jealousies prevented unity of action, and the effort failed. It was esteemed highly patriotic, and elicited the warmest sympathy of the American people, especially of those of the Northern States. Banded companies and individuals joined the rebels, as they were called by the British government, and patriots by their friends; and so general became the active sympathy on the northern frontier, that peaceful relations between the United States and Great Britain were endangered. President Van Buren issued a proclamation, calling upon all persons engaged in the schemes of invasion of the Canadian territory to abandon the design, and warning them to beware of the penalties that must assuredly follow such infringement of international laws. In December, 1837, a party of sympathizing Americans took possession of Navy Island, belonging to Canada, in the Niagara River, about 2 miles above the falls. They mustered about 700 men, well provisioned, and provided with twenty pieces of
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