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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Siege of Knoxville, (search)
Siege of Knoxville, General Burnside, with the Army of the Ohio, occupied Knoxville, Sept. 3, 1863. The Confederate General Buckner, upon his advance, evacuated east Tennessee and joined Bragg at Chattanooga. Early in November, General Longstreet, with 16,000 men, advanced against Knoxville. On the 14th he crossed the Tennessee. Burnside repulsed him on the 16th at Campbell's Station, gaining time to concentrate his army in Knoxville. Longstreet advanced, laid siege to the town, and asBurnside repulsed him on the 16th at Campbell's Station, gaining time to concentrate his army in Knoxville. Longstreet advanced, laid siege to the town, and assaulted it twice (Nov. 18 and 29), but was repulsed. Meantime Grant had defeated Bragg at Chattanooga, and Sherman, with 25,000 men, was on the way to relieve Knoxville. Longstreet, compelled to raise the siege, retired up the Holston River, but did not entirely abandon east Tennessee until the next spring, when he again joined Lee in Virginia.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Logan, John Alexander 1826-1886 (search)
r in his life of any kind. This letter is as follows: Warrenton, August 27th—P. M. To General Burnside: Morell left his medicine, ammunition, and baggage at Kelly's Ford. Can you have it hae to-morrow. Good-night. F.-J. Porter, Major-General. Following this was a letter to General Burnside, at Falmouth, Va., at four o'clock P. M.: Warrenton Junction, Aug. 27, 1862—4 P. M. General Burnside, Falmouth,—I send you the last order from General Pope, which indicates the future as well as the present. Wagons are rolling along rapidly to the rear, as if a mighty power was prnection with what he had to do in commanding the same. He begged to be taken away, saying to Burnside to do what he wished with the letter, so that it would do good. What did he mean by that, unle he was in his camp at six o'clock A. M., one hour after sunrise, writing another letter to General Burnside criticising the movements of the general commanding. General Pope, in the mean time, findi<
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McClellan, George Brinton 1826-1885 (search)
paign in western Virginia, was appointed to the command of the National troops on the Potomac (afterwards the Army of the Potomac) and commissioned a major-general of the regular army. On the retirement of General Scott in November, 1861, he was made generalin-chief. His campaign against Richmond in 1862 with the Army of the Potomac was not successful. He afterwards drove General Lee out of Maryland, but his delay in pursuing the Confederates caused him to be superseded in command by General Burnside. General McClellan was the unsuccessful Democratic candidate for President of the United States against Mr. Lincoln in 1864 (see below). He resigned his commission in the army on the day of the election, Nov. 8, and took up his residence in New York. After a visit to Europe, he became (1868) a citizen of New Jersey, and engaged in the business of an engineer. The will of Edward A. Stevens, of Hoboken, made him superintendent of the Stevens floating battery; and he was appointed superi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Macon, Fort, capture of (search)
Macon, Fort, capture of This fort, commanding the harbor of Beaufort, N. C., and Bogue Sound, was seized by Governor Ellis early in 1861. Its possession by the government would secure the use of a fine harbor on the Atlantic coast for National vessels engaged in the blockading service. It stood upon a long ridge of sand cast up by the ocean, called Bogue Island. After the capture of Newbern (q. v.), Burnside sent General Parke to take the fort. A detachment took possession of Beaufort, and a flag was sent to the fort demanding its surrender. The commander of the garrison, a nephew of Jefferson Davis, declared he would not yield until he had eaten his last biscuit and slain his last horse. On April 11, 1862, Parke began a siege. Batteries were erected on Bogue Island, and gunboats, under Commodore S. Lockwood, co-operated with the troops. The garrison was cut off from all communication with the outside world by land or water. A bombardment was begun on the morning of April
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Newbern, capture of (search)
Newbern, capture of After the capture of Roanoke Island (q. v.), the National forces made other important movements on the coast of State of North Carolina (q. v.). Goldsborough having been ordered to Fort Monroe, the fleet was left in command of Commodore Rowan. General Burnside, assisted by Generals Reno. Foster, and Parke, at the head of 15,000 troops, proceeded against Newbern, on the Neuse River. They appeared with the fleet in that stream, about 18 miles below the city, on the evening of March 12, 1862, and early the next morning the troops were landed and marched against the defences of the place. The Confederates, under General Branch, were inferior in numbers, but were strongly intrenched. The march of the Nationals was made in a drenching rain, the troops dragging heavy cannon after them through the wet clay, into which men sometimes sank knee-deep. At sunset the head of the Nationals was halted and bivouacked within a mile and a half of the Confederate works, and d
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Norfolk, destruction of (search)
him to capture Norfolk, and so secure the free navigation of that stream. After the evacuation of Yorktown, President Lincoln and Secretary Stanton visited Fort Monroe and granted Wool's request. Having made personal reconnoissance, he crossed Hampton Roads with a few regiments, landed in the rear of a Confederate force on the Norfolk side of the Elizabeth River, and moved towards the city. General Huger, of South Carolina, was in command there. He had already perceived his peril, with Burnside in his rear and McClellan on his flank, and immediately retreated, turning over Norfolk to the care of Mayor Lamb. Norfolk was surrendered May 10, and General Viele was appointed military governor. The Confederates fled towards Richmond, first setting fire to a slow match attached to the Merrimac and other vessels at the navy-yard, which blew the monster ram into fragments. The Confederate gunboats on the James River fled to Richmond, closely pursued by a National flotilla under Commodor
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), North Carolina, State of (search)
unctions of a State government, and by a strongly worded ordinance provided for the government of North Carolina in allegiance to the national Constitution. The promise of good was so hopeful that President Lincoln, by proclamation, ordered an election to be held in the 1st Congressional District. C. H. Foster was elected to Congress, but never took a seat. This leaven of loyalty in North Carolina was soon destroyed by the strong arm of Confedrate power. Operations on the coast. General Burnside, when called to the Army of the Potomac, Nov. 10, 1862, left Gen. J. G. Foster in command of the National troops in eastern North Carolina. That region had barely sufficient National troops to hold the territory against the attempts of the Confederates to repossess it. These attempts were frequently made. The little garrison at the village of Washington, on the Pamlico River, were surprised by Confederate cavalry at early dawn on Sept. 5, who swept through the village almost unopposed
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Parke, John Grubb 1827- (search)
Parke, John Grubb 1827- Military officer; born in Chester county, Pa., Sept. 22, 1827; graduated at West Point in 1849. Entering the engineer corps, he became brigadiergeneral of volunteers Nov. 23, 1861. He commanded a brigade under Burnside in his operations on the North Carolina coast early in 1862, and with him joined the Army of the Potomac. He served in McClellan's campaigns, and when Burnside became its commander he was that general's chief of staff. In the campaign against Vicks's campaigns, and when Burnside became its commander he was that general's chief of staff. In the campaign against Vicksburg he was a conspicuous actor. He was with Sherman, commanding the left wing of his army after the fall of Vicksburg. He was also engaged in the defence of Knoxville; and in the Richmond campaign, in 1864, he commanded the 9th Corps, and continued to do so until the surrender of Lee, in April, 1865. In 1865 he was brevetted major-general U. S. A., and in 1889 was retired.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Petersburg. (search)
nt was opened upon the Confederate works, and was kept up until 6 A. M. the next day. Birney, of Hancock's corps, stormed and carried a redoubt on his front, but Burnside's corps could make no impression for a long time, in the face of a murderous fire. There was a general advance of the Nationals, but at a fearful cost of life. At dawn General Potter's division of Burnside's corps charged upon the works in their front, carried them, and captured four guns and 400 men. He was relieved by General Ledlie's column, which advanced to within half a mile of the city, and held Tearing up the Railroad. a position from which shells might be cast into the town. with great slaughter. Desperate attempts had been made to recapture what the Confederates had lost, and that night a heavy Confederate force drove back the 9th (Burnside's) Corps. A general assault was made on the 18th, with disaster to the Nationals, who were repulsed at every point. Then, after a loss of nearly 10,000 men,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Poore, Benjamin Perley -1887 (search)
Poore, Benjamin Perley -1887 Journalist; born near Newburyport, Mass., Nov. 2, 1820; learned the printer's trade; was attache of the American legation in Brussels in 1841-48; became a Washington newspaper correspondent in 1854, and continued as such during the remainder of his life. His publications include Campaign life of Gen. Zachary Taylor; Agricultural history of Essex county, Mass.; The conspiracy trial for the murder of Abraham Lincoln; Federal and State charters; The political register and congressional Directory; Life of Burnside: Perley's reminiscences of sixty years in the National metropolis, etc. He died in Washington, D. C., May 30, 1887.
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