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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 20. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Unveiling of the monument to the Richmond Howitzers (search)
he most enlightened. The real inequality of the races had made subordination prescriptive. No higher encomium could possibly be pronounced upon the practical beneficence of Southern institutions, than the one tacitly sanctioned by the last amendment—viz.: that they had been sufficient to educate the lowest of earth's savages to take his place among the highest of earth's freemen. As population increases it becomes cheaper to hire labor than to buy or own it; or, borrowing the phrase of Carlyle, to hire for years rather than for life. The labor of slavery ceases to be worth the capital involved in its support. The coercion of authority is replaced by the coercion of want, and the obligation to protect by the liberty to oppress. Nothing could be truer or wiser than that which was said by John Randolph in the Senate of the United States: The natural death of slavery is the unprofitableness of its most expensive labor. * * The moment the labor of the slave ceases to be profitable
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 26. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Battle and campaign of Gettysburg. (search)
s related, any attractions beyond that grave, and to us always intensified interest, with which the plain facts invest them. Next to the general results of a battle or of a campaign, and scarcely less important and interesting, has it this day become the occurrences, details and true facts, if I may so speak, mingling with, effecting, and in part producing the final result. In a word, we want to know how and why a battle was lost or won, and why a campaign failed. Truth and facts, says Carlyle, are inexorable things, and whether recognized or not, they decide the fate of battles, and mould the destiny of kingdoms and of men. It is on account of the numerous misrepresentations, errors and omissions which I see contained in reports of commanders, and description of battles in historical works of the late war, which from personal knowledge I know to be in circulation, that I have often expressed a wish that each actor, however humble, in a battle or march, should put in writing w
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), An address before the ladies' memorial Association. (search)
he workmen render fruitful? She is all this; the thought of her fills and possesses us, it makes our hearts beat, it uplifts our souls and dominating us, allows this high creation to be great in the world and respected. A nation may succumb to force, but when her honor remains— eternal hope and lofty thoughts are not forbidden her if her children, The Trustees of Posterity, the best asset of a State, cherish piously the cult of their country and the religion of their parents. Old man Carlyle laughed until hoarse when it was read to him that the mob of New York city, resisting the draft of 1863, hanged negroes to lamp posts, while Lincoln and Stanton were proclaiming the war as waged for freedom. What irony! Alas, what destiny! Alas, the deep damnation of their taking off. Wordsworth said of the persistency of the Spaniards against Napoleon: That when a people are called suddenly to fight for their liberty, and are sorely pressed upon, their best field of battle is the
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), William Smith, Governor of Virginia, and Major-General C. S. Army, hero and patriot. (search)
tion of being twice Governor of this State. His administration of this high office was equal to that of any of his predecessors or his successors. By splendid military achievements he was promoted from colonel to Brigadier-general and finally to Major-general. Few public men, few statesmen, have ever been endowed with accomplishments so varied and brilliant, have experienced a life so crowded with grave and great responsibilities, so resplendent with success and honors. My countrymen, Carlyle, in his splendid essay on Voltaire, has truly said: The life of every man is as the well-spring of a stream, whose small beginnings are indeed plain to all, but whose ultimate course and destination, as it winds through the expanse of infinite years, only the Omniscient can discern. Will it mingle with the neighboring rivulets as a tributary or receive them as their sovereign? Is it to be a nameless brook and will its tiny waters among millions of other brooks and rills increase the curr
The writings of John Greenleaf Whittier, Volume 5. (ed. John Greenleaf Whittier), Tales and Sketches (search)
iness in the green fields and the town? Sabbathless Satan,—he who his unglad Task ever plies midst rotatory burnings; For wrath divine has made him like a wheel In that red realm from whence are no returnings. Rather, of course, would they adopt Carlyle's apostrophe of Divine labor, noble, ever fruitful,—the grand, sole miracle of man; for this is indeed a city consecrated to thrift,—dedicated, every square rod of it, to the divinity of work; the gospel of industry preached daily and hourly froeasurable existence. Then, too, the satisfaction is by no means inconsiderable of throwing aside the worn and soiled habiliments of labor and appearing in neat and comfortable attire. The moral influence of dress has not been overrated even by Carlyle's Professor in his Sartor Resartus. William Penn says that cleanliness is akin to godliness. A well-dressed man, all other things being equal, is not half as likely to compromise his character as one who approximates to shabbiness. Laurence S<
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 10., Some letters of Miss Lucy Osgood. (search)
heir own exceeding excellence rather than as a means of glorification and distinction all the toil and hardship of her life would have been escaped; but to Margaret life in retirement and obscurity was not worth having. She was willing to work hard, and it was essential to her happiness to live in the eye of the public. Her friends now anxiously hope that her. last work, a history, I believe, of the Roman movement, said to be now going through the press in England under the inspection of Carlyle, will procure for her the lasting fame to which she aspired. Her life in a human view was incomplete, having been passed in great preparation rather than effective execution. During the fighting in Rome she was a true sister of charity among the wounded. Mrs. Stowe. Letter June 18, 1854. Last Monday was a white bear day for me, to be long remembered. Sister and I went to Andover in the early morning train to pass the day with an old friend and to make several calls in the N
the great Napoleon, in your anecdote about the young man caught writing after "taps." That is one of the best known stories related of Frederick the Great, the cold hearted, cold-blooded, cynical infidel and scoffer, who believed neither in God, nor in the responsibility of man for the deeds done in the body. It has always been told of him as descriptive of a single dash of his inflexible character, and the iron nature of his discipline. Yet even of him, his last biographer (I do not mean Carlyle, who has not come to the seven years war yet,) says it was utterly without foundation, so far as he could discover, after a most minute investigation, pushed in the places where the truth would be most likely to be discoverable. Napoleon was a genuine Corsican, impetuous, fleury, and probably too vindictive. But he was never guilty of willful cruelty, although a strict disciplinarian. Least of all was he likely to be guilty of a cruelty which could be so entirely useless. His hold upon
ntinual state of expectation and surprise. From hence research, the research which engenders pretension, the pretension which leads to charlatanism. Eccentricity has become a means of attracting customers. The most eloquent, the most profound even, are not exempt from this calculation. There is intention in the procedure — there is a side taken in the so learnedly balanced antithesis of Macaulay; so there is in the artistic paradoxes of Ruskin; so there is in the insupportable jargon of Carlyle; so there is above all, in the novel." This is hard hitting, and let us confess, that the nail is often hit on the head. The critic proceeds: "The English novelists, in spite of their great talents give me always the effect of Californian miners in search of a productive vein. They do not obey a vocation, they are in search of a manner and a success. All is fall to arrive at this. We have the fashionable novel, the religious novel, the preaching novel, the blackguard novel, the imitatio
s in vain that Governors of States issue proclamations; that the people yell out at every fresh turn of the screws; that the whole community stand aghast at the shameless greed of the cormorant crew. Where the carcase is, there the eagles will be gathered together. You might as well appeal to the moral sense of buzzards and vultures to abandon their prey on the battle-field, as expect the harpies of high prices to relax the grasp of their sharp claws, and let their poor victims escape. It is a beautiful sight to see some sick soldier, who has been blistered by the sun and wet by the dews of six months campaigning, and has faced danger and death in the battles of his country, asking timidly at some counter the price of an article necessary to his comfort, and turning away with a heavy sigh as the man of pence names a price which a General of Division could not afford. A great world, this, a world, as Carlyle would say, much forsaken of God, and in pressing necessity to be lammed.
a circle. We must give up unimportant points, retreat to the interior, and thence sally forth and break up their magic circle. We agree with the President in another matter. We think that men can do nothing well that they have not learned by practice to do whilst young. Probably we go further than the President. We are positively sure that no man, over fifty, can learn to do well anything to which he has not been accustomed theretofore. We don't want stump orators for Generals. Mr. Carlyle has written so ably, so eloquently, and so philosophically on this subject, in his Latter-Day Pamphlets, in his essays on "Stump Orators" and "Parliaments," that we request that you will publish some extracts from those essays, which we send you. Ignorant people will charge us with a disposition to flatter the Executive; but all well- informed people know that we have the ear of the South, that we have devoted ourselves for so many years past to the defence of the South, and that we
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