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wooded hills, still held the stronger ground. The battle of Elkhorn, or Pea Ridge, as the Federals call it, began early on the morning of March 5, 1862. The opposing armies were nearly equal in strength. Van Dorn says he had 14,000 men engaged, and Curtis puts his force at about 10,000 men and forty-nine guns. The two corps of the Confederate army were widely separated; Curtis's divisions fought back to back, and readily reinforced each other. Van Dorn, with Price's corps, encountered Carr's division, which advanced to meet it, but was driven back steadily and with heavy loss. In the mean time, McCulloch's corps met a division under Osterhaus, and, after a sharp, quick struggle, swept it away. Pushing forward through the scrub-oak, his wide-extended line met Sigel's, Asboth's, and Davis's divisions. Here on the rugged spurs of the hills ensued one of those fearful combats in which the most determined valor is resisted by the most stubborn tenacity. In the crisis of the
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 3: a cavalry officer of the army of the United States. (search)
he formation of two new regiments of cavalry, and Mr. Jefferson Davis, then Secretary of War, took advantage of the fact that they had not been designated by the title of dragoons to treat them as a different arm, and to fill them with his creatures, to the exclusion of regular officers, whom he disliked. It is hardly necessary to say that the comte was writing with limited knowledge. His epithet was applied to such officers as Sumner, Sedgwick, McClellan, Emory, Thomas, Stoneman, Stanley, Carr, etc., who served with much distinction on the Union side of the war from 1861 to 1865; as well as to Albert Sidney Johnston, Joseph E. Johnston, Lee, Hardee, Kirby Smith, Field, Hood, J. E. B. Stuart, and a number of others who espoused the cause of the South in the late war-names the world will not willingly let die. Edwin Sumner was promoted by Mr. Davis from major of Second Dragoons to colonel of First Cavalry, and Joseph E. Johnston, a captain in the Topographical Engineers, was made it
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Attack on Grand Gulf-operations below Vicksburg (search)
ed by Bowen to defend, the road to Port Gibson divides, taking two ridges which do not diverge more than a mile or two at the widest point. These roads unite just outside the town. This made it necessary for McClernand to divide his force. It was not only divided, but it was separated by a deep ravine of the character above described. One flank could not reinforce the other except by marching back to the junction of the roads. McClernand put the divisions of [Alvin P.] Hovey, [Eugene A.] Carr and A. J. Smith upon the right-hand branch and [Peter J.] Osterhaus on the left. I was on the field by ten A. M., and inspected both flanks in person. On the right the enemy, if not being pressed back, was at least not repulsing our advance. On the left, however, Osterhaus was not faring so well. He had been repulsed with some loss. As soon as the road could be cleared of McClernand's troops I ordered up McPherson, who was close upon the rear of the 13th corps, with two brigades of Loga
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Movement against Jackson-fall of Jackson-Intercepting the enemy-battle of Champion's Hill (search)
mond, on a converging road that intersected the other near Champion's Hill; one (Carr's) had to pass over the same road with Osterhaus, but being back at Mississippi ickets and capturing several men. The night of the 15th Hovey was at Bolton; Carr and Osterhaus were about three miles south, but abreast, facing west; Smith was d A. J. Smith's divisions by the southernmost of these roads, and Osterhaus and Carr by the middle road. Orders were to move cautiously with skirmishers to the fronto where the middle road intersects the north road, and found the skirmishers of Carr's division just coming in. Osterhaus was farther south and soon after came up wiollow the retreating foe. I sent orders to Osterhaus to pursue the enemy, and to Carr, whom I saw personally, I explained the situation and directed him to pursue vigto six miles west of the battle-field, along the line of the road to Vicksburg. Carr and Osterhaus were at Edward's station, and Blair was about three miles south-ea
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Battle of Black River Bridge-crossing the Big Black-investment of Vicksburg-assaulting the works (search)
a crossing for the remainder of the army. I informed him that I would endeavor to hold the enemy in my front while he crossed the river. The advance division, Carr's (McClernand's corps), resumed the pursuit at half-past 3 A. M. on the 17th, followed closely by Osterhaus, McPherson bringing up the rear with his corps. As I ely commanded from the height west of the river. At the upper end of the bayou there was a strip of uncleared land which afforded a cover for a portion of our men. Carr's division was deployed on our right, Lawler's brigade forming his extreme right and reaching through these woods to the river above. Osterhaus' division was deployed to the left of Carr and covered the enemy's entire front. McPherson was in column on the road, the head close by, ready to come in wherever he could be of assistance. While the troops were standing as here described an officer from Banks' staff came up and presented me with a letter from General Halleck, dated the 11th o
under Jeff. C. Davis, his center, and the fourth, Col. Carr, his right. The line thus formed stretched about moment, McCulloch fell with overwhelming force upon Carr's division at and near Elkhorn Tavern. A Broad, deetoward Elkhorn Tavern, where McCulloch's attack upon Carr was already in progress. Assailed in turn by greatlol. Davis, who had been ordered by Curtis to support Carr, was now directed to advance through Leetown to the s. McCulloch and McIntosh, both mortally wounded. Carr was so fearfully overmatched throughout the day that the Fayetteville road to Elkhorn Tavern, to support Carr, while Gen. Sigel should reenforce Davis at Leetown,both's division, reached Elkhorn at 5 P. M. He found Carr still fiercely fighting, having received three or foe from the center, and move forward to the ground on Carr's left, which was effected by midnight. Sigel, thoule at 1,351, of whom 701--more than half — were of Col. Carr's division. The Rebel loss can hardly have been l
t ordered McPherson to advance whatever of his corps was still disposable by the left to the enemy's front; and, proceeding himself to observe this movement, he discovered that the Rebels were in fill retreat. On reaching the Raymond road, he saw Carr's and then Osterhaus's division of McClernand's corps, well advanced on the left, and ordered them to pursue the enemy with all speed to the Black, and, if possible, across that river. This pursuit continued till after dark; resulting in the capt east, an open, cultivated bottom, nearly a mile broad, has a bayou of stagnant water, ten to twenty feet wide and two to three feet deep, to the east of it. This had been made to serve as a wet ditch, with a line of rifle-pits behind it; and here Carr's division was stopped two or three hours, until Lawler, commanding his right brigade, discovered a way of approach whereby it could be successfully assaulted, and ordered a charge, which was gallantly made; but the volley which was fired by the e
nion disaster at Marks's Mills Steele retreats attacked by Kirby Smith at Jenkins's Ferry Rebels repulsed Steele, burning his trains, escapes to little Rock Gen. Carr worsts Shelby at St. Charles Col. Brooks fights Dobbins at Big Cree's Shelby captures the 54th Illinois Union State Convention in Arkansas Steele's inefficieby crossed the Arkansas eastward of Little Rock, pushing northward to the White, near its mouth; and was met June 27. near St. Charles by four regiments under Gen. Carr, who worsted him, taking 200 prisoners. Our loss here in killed and wounded was 200; that of the Rebels was estimated by our officers at 500. Marmaduke soon approaching with renforcements for Shelby, Carr fell back on Clarendon, 20 miles below Duvall's bluff, where he also was reenforced; when the enemy retreated southward. There were, of course, a good many partisan encounters and raids during the Summer; in one of which a Union scouting party, under Capt. Jug, dashed July 25. int
ylor surrenders to, 754. Cantwell, Col., Ohio, killed at Bull Run, 189. Carlin, Col., at Perryville, Ky., 220. Carney's bridge, La., encounter at, 328. Carr, Gen., at Pea Ridge, 28 to 31; attacks Shelby in Arkansas, and captures 200 prisoners, 554. Carroll, Gen., severely wounded, 177. Carter, Gen., wounded at Frurg, near Antietam, fighting around, 208. Shaw, Col. Robert G., 54th Mass., killed at Fort Wagner. 477. Shelby, Gen., raids into Missouri, 453; is worsted by Carr near St. Charles, 554; captures most of the 54th Illinois, 555; pursues Ewing, 558. Shelbyville (or Tullahoma), position of Bragg's army, 404; Rosecrans advanceer, Gen., at Perryville, 219. State authority over militia, 488. State Elections, 486; account of, 508-10; the October, of 1864, 671-3. St. Charles, Ark., Carr fights Shelby at, 554. Steedman, Capt., naval expedition, 459. Steedman, Gen. J. B., at Chickamauga, 422; at Nashville, 686. Steele, Gen. F., at Yazoo Blu
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, chapter 15 (search)
movement as rapidly as possible; but the capacity of the road was so small, that I soon saw that I could move horses, mules, and wagons faster by land, and therefore I dispatched the artillery and wagons by the road under escort, and finally moved the entire Fourth Division by land. The enemy seems to have had early notice of this movement, and he endeavored to thwart us from the start. A considerable force assembled in a threatening attitude at Salem, south of Salisbury Station; and General Carr, who commanded at Corinth, felt compelled to turn back and use a part of my troops, that had already reached Corinth, to resist the threatened attack. On Sunday, October 11th, having put in motion my whole force, I started myself for Cortfth, in a special train, with the battalion of the Thirteenth United States Regulars as escort. We reached Collierville Station about noon, just in time to take part in the defense made of that station by Colonel D. C. Anthony, of the Sixty-sixth Indi
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