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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 56 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, A book of American explorers 26 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 4, 15th edition. 4 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), America, discoverers of. (search)
as the last attempt of the Spaniards to make discoveries in North America before the English appeared upon the same field. It is claimed for Giovanni da Verrazano, a Florentine navigator, that he sailed from France with four ships, in 1524, on a voyage of discovery, and that he traversed the shores of America from Florida to Nova Scotia. He is supposed to have entered Delaware Bay and the harbors of New York. Newport, and Boston, and named the country he had discovered New France. Jacques Cartier discovered the gulf and river St. Lawrence in 1534, and, revisiting them the next year, gave, them that name, because the day when he entered their waters was dedicated to St. Lawrence. In 1576 Sir Martin Frobisher went to Greenland and Labrador, and coasting northward discovered the bay that bears his name. Huguenot adventurers from South Carolina, floating on the ocean helplessly, were picked up, taken to England, and by the stories which they told of the beautiful land they had le
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cartier, Jacques 1494-1555 (search)
Cartier, Jacques 1494-1555 French navigator; Jacques Cartier. born at St. Malo, France, Dec.Jacques Cartier. born at St. Malo, France, Dec. 31, 1494; was commissioned by Francis I., King of France, to command an expedition to explore they the success of this voyage, the King placed Cartier in command of three ships, which left St. Maloring the larger vessels in the St. Croix (as Cartier named the St. Charles), he went up the river oard the flagship to a feast. They came, and Cartier treacherously sailed away with them to France lieutenant-general of the new territory, and Cartier captain-general and chief pilot of the royal ships. Five vessels were fitted out, and Cartier, with two of them, sailed from St. Malo in May, 1ositively hostile. After visiting Hochelaga, Cartier returned to Stadacona, and on an island (Orleay the ice moved out of the St. Lawrence, and Cartier departed for France. He ran into the harbor ator to go back with him to the great river. Cartier disobeyed and sailed for France. The viceroy[7 more...]
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Champlain, Samuel de 1567-1635 (search)
had received a charter from the King to found settlements in New France, and the monarch commissioned Champlain lieutenant-general of Canada. With this authority, he sailed from Honfleur on March 5, 1603, with a single vessel, commanded by Pont-Greve, a skilful navigator. In May they ascended the St. Lawrence and landed near the site of Quebec, from which place Pont-Greve and five men ascended the river in a canoe to Lachine Rapids, above Montreal. The Indians at Stadacona yet remembered Cartier's perfidy (see Cartier, Jacques), but were placable. Champlain, on his return to France in the autumn, found Chastes dead and his concessions transferred by the King to Pierre de Gast, the Sieur de Monts, a wealthy Huguenot, who had received the commission of viceroy of New France. The latter made a new arrangement with Champlain, and in March, 1604, he sailed with the navigator from France with four vessels. They landed in Nova Scotia, and remained there some time planting a settlemen
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Garfield, James Abram 1831-1881 (search)
be buried in the waters of the great river he had discovered. While England was more leisurely exploring the bays and rivers of the Atlantic coast, and searching for gold and peltry, the chevaliers and priests of France were chasing their dreams in the North, searching for a passage to China and the realms of Far Cathay, and telling the mystery of the Cross to the Indian tribes of the far West. Coasting northward, her bold navigators discovered the mouth of the St. Lawrence; and in 1525 Cartier sailed up its broad current to the rocky heights of Quebec, and to the rapids above Montreal, which were afterwards named La Chine, in derision of the belief that the adventurers were about to find China. In 1609 Champlain pushed above the rapids and discovered the beautiful lake that bears his name. In 1615 Priest La Caron pushed northward and westward through the wilderness and discovered Lake Huron. In 1635 the Jesuit missionaries founded the Mission St. Mary. In 1654 another p
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gilbert, Sir Humphrey 1539- (search)
Spanish war-ships destroyed one of his vessels, and the remainder were compelled to turn back. Gilbert was too much impoverished to undertake another expedition until four years afterwards, when Raleigh and his friends fitted out a small squadron, which sailed from Plymouth under the command of Gilbert. The Queen, in token of her good-will, had sent him as a present a golden anchor, guided by a woman. The flotilla reached Newfoundland in August, and entered the harbor of St. John, where Cartier had found La Roque almost fifty years before. There, on the shore, Gilbert set up a column with the arms of England upon it, and in the presence of hundreds of fishermen from western Europe, whom he had summoned to the spot, he took possession of the island in the name of his Queen. Storms had shattered his vessels, but, after making slight repairs, Gilbert proceeded to explore the coasts southward. Off Cape Breton he encountered a fierce tempest, which dashed the larger vessel, in which
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Sweden, founding of (search)
, the latter of whom called the land Virginia, after Queen Elizabeth of England, who lived unmarried. Under this name was included all the country stretching from Cape Florida to the St. Lawrence River, which was formerly called Florida, when separate names were not yet given to its coasts. That was done about the year 1584. Captain De la Ware, under the command of the English Admiral James Chartiers, Acrelius has been led into this singular mistake by Campanius, whom he here follows. Cartier (not Chartiers) was a French subject, and discovered the St. Lawrence in 1534. Lord (not captain ) De la Ware was appointed governor of Virginia in 1610, and arrived at Jamestown on June 10 of the same year. He probably entered the Delaware on his way to Virginia. The reader will notice various inaccuracies in these early pages. was the first who discovered the bay in which the Indian river Poutaxat debouched, and gave his name, Delaware, to both the river and the bay, in the year 1600.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Roberval, Jean Francois de La Roqute, Sieur de 1500- (search)
the army: and was authorized by the King to colonize and govern Canada. In prosecution of his design of planting a colony in Canada Roberval sailed from France with three ships and 200 persons, and in the harbor of St. Johns, Newfoundland, met Cartier, who was on his return to Europe. He commended the country of Canada to Roberval as rich and fruitful. The latter commanded Cartier to return to the St. Lawrence with him, but the navigator eluded the viceroy in the night and sailed for FranCartier to return to the St. Lawrence with him, but the navigator eluded the viceroy in the night and sailed for France. Roberval sailed up the St. Lawrence some distance above the site of Quebec, built a fort, and remained there through the winter (1542-43). In the spring he explored the country above, but appears to have abandoned the enterprise soon afterwards. The colony was broken up, and for half a century the French made no further attempts to colonize Canada. In 1547 Roberval, accompanied by his brothers and a numerous train of adventurers, embarked again for the river St. Lawrence, but they were n
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
.Nov. 14, 1524 Francis de Hoces, in command of one of the ships of Loyasas, discovers Cape Horn......1525 Narvaez's expedition to the upper Gulf of California......1527 Pizarro enters Peru and destroys the government......1531-33 Jacques Cartier enters the Gulf of St. Lawrence and sails to the present site of Montreal......1534-35 Ferdinand de Grijalva's expedition equipped by Cortez, discovers California......1534 Antonio de Mendoza appointed viceroy of Mexico, the first in te he died. His colonists returned to Santo Domingo in the spring of 1527.] Pizarro, Francisco, Spanish adventurer; born in Spain about 1471; assassinated at Lima, Peru, Jan. 26, 1541. The destroyer of the Peruvian government......1531-33 Cartier, Jacques, born in St. Malo, France, 1494, died about 1555; the discoverer of the river St. Lawrence......1534-35 Almagro, Diego de, Spanish adventurer, born in Spain in 1463 (?) with Pizarro in Peru; put to death by Pizarro......July, 1538
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Verrazzano, Giovanni da 1508- (search)
ject almost the entire volume is devoted. It is an inexhaustible mine of information, to which the more careful student should constantly go in connection with almost all of the lectures on America and France. There is a chapter devoted to Jacques Cartier, the next important Frenchman in America, and very much about Champlain. Verrazzano, Cartier, and Champlain are also all most interestingly treated by Parkman, in his Pioneers of France in the New world. Champlain's own writings, which havCartier, and Champlain are also all most interestingly treated by Parkman, in his Pioneers of France in the New world. Champlain's own writings, which have been carefully edited by Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, should be consulted. Captain John De Verrazzano to his most Serene Majesty, the King of France, writes: Since the tempests which we encountered on the northern coasts, I have not written to your most Serene and Christian Majesty concerning the four ships sent out by your orders on the ocean to discover new lands, because I thought you must have been before apprized of all that had happened to us—that we had been compelled by the impetuous
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, A book of American explorers, chapter 5 (search)
—Cartier's visit to Bay of Chaleur. [Jacques Cartier was born in 1494, at St. Malo, a principa The first relation Description. of Jacques Cartier of St. Malo, of the new land called New F themselves, they would make signs unto Jacques Cartier. us that they did give them us. We sent on of the country for the King of France; but Cartier did not hesitate to deceive the natives by sace as far as Quebec. [this took place on Cartier's second voyage. He sailed from St. Malo, mat. Charles. The first name was given because Cartier reached it on the festival of the Holy Cross.aia, These were the two young indians whom Cartier had carried off with him the year before. wiaia, These were the two young indians whom Cartier had carried off with him the year before. whoe. IV.—How the Indians tried to frighten Cartier. The next day, being the 18th of Septemberhall be showed. Indians Trying to Frighten Cartier. They went and dressed three men like devils,[2 more...]<
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