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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Organization of the two governments. (search)
Organization of the two governments. The United States Government. I. The Buchanan Administration. (1857-1861.) President: James Buchanan (Pa.) Vice-President: John C. Breckinridge * (Ky.) Department of State. Secretary of State: Lewis Cass (Mich.) Secretary of State: Jeremiah S. Black (Pa.), appointed Dec. 17, 1860. War Department Secretary of War: John B. Floyd * (Va.) Secretary of War: Joseph Holt (Ky.) (ad interim), Dec. 31, 1860; regularly appointed Jan. 18, 1861. Navy Department. Secretary of the Navy: Isaac Toucey (Conn.) Treasury Department. Secretary of the Treasury: Howell Cobb* (Georgia) Secretary of the Treasury: Philip F. Thomas (Md.), appointed Dec. 12, 1860 Secretary of the Treasury: John A. Dix (N. Y.), appointed Jan. 11, 1861. Justice Department. Attorney-General: Jeremiah S. Black Attorney-General: Edwin M. Stanton (Pa.), appointed Dec. 20, 1860. Department of the Interior. Secretary of the Interior: Jacob T<
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 3: assembling of Congress.--the President's Message. (search)
disappointment of the people, 74. movements of the Clergy warnings of General Scott, 75. General Wool's letter to General Cass, 76. resignation of Cass Fast day proclaimed, 77. Clingman's treasonable speech in the Senate, 78. Crittenden's rCass Fast day proclaimed, 77. Clingman's treasonable speech in the Senate, 78. Crittenden's rebuke Hale's defiance, and the anger of the conspirators, 79. Iverson's treasonable speech in the Senate, 80. speeches of Senators Davis and Wigfall, 81. Cotton proclaimed King, 82. the Cotton kingdom, 83. Wigfall's insolent harangue, 84. Wh Eastern Department, which included the whole country eastward of the Mississippi River. He wrote to the venerable General Lewis Cass (also his companion-in-arms in the War of 1812), Buchanan's Lewis Cass. Secretary of State, on the 6th of DeLewis Cass. Secretary of State, on the 6th of December, saying :--South Carolina says she intends to leave the Union. Her representatives in Congress say she has already left the Union. It seems she is neither to be conciliated nor comforted. I command the Eastern Department, which includes Sou
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 5: events in Charleston and Charleston harbor in December, 1860.--the conspirators encouraged by the Government policy. (search)
urgent recommendations of General Scott produced much feeling in the Cabinet at Washington. General Cass, the Secretary of State, warmly urged the President to order re-enforcements to be sent at on hundred men, if he had possessed food and water for them. It was on account of that refusal that Cass withdrew, December 14, 1860. after which the Cabinet was almost a unit in sentiment for about a istry. For this patriotic act, the Charleston Mercury, ungrateful for the steady support which Mr. Cass had given to the policy of the Southern leaders during Buchanan's administration, denounced himI am content with your policy — we will send no more troops to the harbor of Charleston. But General Cass was firm. These forts, he said, must be strengthened. I demand it. The President replied, at Charleston. I cannot do it. I take the responsibility. This was on the 18th of December--General Cass resigned the next day.--Report of Floyd's Speech, in the Richmond Enquirer, January 12, 1861.
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 6: Affairs at the National Capital.--War commenced in Charleston harbor. (search)
of the action of South Carolinians, there was great excitement throughout the Capital. The writer was in Washington at the time, and was in conversation with General Cass, at his house, on the great topic of the hour, when a relative brought to him a bulletin concerning the act of secession. The venerable statesman read the fewThe purification of Buchanan's Cabinet went on, and there was a general change in the ministry by the middle of January. When Attorney-General Black succeeded General Cass as Secretary of State, his office was filled by Edwin M. Stanton, afterward Secretary of War under President Lincoln; Philip F. Thomas, of Maryland, had succeef affairs, the crew of the Brooklyn was not discharged on her arrival, but was kept in readiness for duty. At the Cabinet meeting whose proceedings compelled Secretary Cass to resign, December 14, 1860. it was proposed to send her with troops to Charleston. The Secretary of the Navy (Toucey), it is alleged, refused to give the
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 7: Secession Conventions in six States. (search)
all friendly States and Powers. A motion to submit the Secession Ordinance to the people, for ratification or rejection, was lost. On the day when the Convention reassembled at New Orleans, January 29. an event occurred there which produced a profound sensation throughout the Union. Secretary Dix had sent William Hemphill Jones as special agent of the Treasury Department, to secure from seizure the revenue cutters Lewis Cass at Mobile, and Robert McClelland at New Orleans. He found the Cass, as we have observed, in possession of the authorities of Alabama. See page 175. He hastened to New Orleans, and in a note to Captain J. G. Breshwood, of the McClelland, inclosing one from Secretary Dix, The original is before me. It reads thus: This letter will be presented to you by Wm. Hemphill Jones, a special agent of this Department. You are required to obey such directions as may be given you, either verbally or in writing, by Mr. Jones, with regard to the vessel under your comm
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 9: proceedings in Congress.--departure of conspirators. (search)
h prophetic words, whose predictions were fulfilled a few weeks later, he said:--If, however, it should be surrendered to South Carolina, the smothered indignation of the Free States would be roused beyond control. It would not be in the power of any one to restrain it. In twenty days two hundred thousand men would be in readiness to take vengeance on all who would betray the Union into the hands of its enemies. Be assured that I do not exaggerate the feelings of the people. Letter to General Cass, dated Troy, December 31, 1860. The soldier, with a statesman's sagacity, correctly interpreted the will of that people. As the plot thickened, and the designs of the conspirators became more manifest, the loyal men in Congress were more firmly rooted in a determination to withstand the further aggressions of the Slave interest and the malice of the public enemies. This determination was specially apparent when the Crittenden Compromise, and other measures looking toward conciliation,
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 14: the great Uprising of the people. (search)
eets and in all the towns and cities of the North, to make their march a triumphant one. Fifty thousand men to-day tread on his fallacy. Such was the response of some of the ablest representatives of the venerable Democratic party to the slanderers of that party, such as Sanders and his like in the South, and its trading politicians in the North. Representative men of the Democratic party in different loyal States made speeches, and took substantially the same ground. The venerable General Cass, late Secretary of State, made a stirring speech at Detroit, on the 24th of April. He who is not for his country, he said, is against her. There is no neutral position to be occupied. It is the duty of all zealously to support the Government in its efforts to bring this unhappy civil war to a speedy and satisfactory conclusion, by the restoration, in its integrity, of that great charter of freedom bequeathed to us by Washington and his compatriots. The veteran General Wool, a Democrat
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 15: siege of Fort Pickens.--Declaration of War.--the Virginia conspirators and, the proposed capture of Washington City. (search)
al skill and many materials for the construction of a navy; therefore, while the offer of Davis to issue letters of marque created uneasiness among shipping merchants, they did not feel serious alarm, especially when it was known that the Government would institute a rigid blockade. But it was not long before privateers were on the seas. The Confederates had not the means for building vessels, but they had for purchasing them. They had already stolen six National revenue cutters, The Lewis Cass, Washington, Pickens, Dodge, McClelland, and Bradford. which they fitted up as privateers; and The lady Davis. in the course of a few weeks after the recognition of a state of war, Mr. Mallory, the so-called Secretary of the Navy of the conspirators, had purchased and fitted out about a dozen vessels. The owners of as many more private vessels took out letters of marque immediately after Davis's proclamation was made; and before the middle of June, the commerce of the United States was
n, 3.213. Capitol at Washington, proposition to blow up with gunpowder, 1.523. Carnifex Ferry, battle of, 2.95. Carrick's Ford, battle of, 1.535. Carthage, Mo., battle near, 2.43. Casey, Gen., Silas, at Seven Pines, 2.408. Cass, Gen., Lewis, letter of Gen. Wool to, 1.76; his resignation as Secretary of State, 1.77; the re-enforcement of Charleston forts urged by, 1.127; how he regarded the secession of South Carolina, 1.141. Castle Pinckney, description of, 1.117. Catawbfor Relief, 1.575, 3.607. Wood, Fernando, the secession of New York City proposed by, 1.205. Wood, Gen. T. J., his capture of Orchard Knob, 3.161; at the battle on Missionaries' Ridge, 3.167. Wool, Major-Gen., John Ellis, his letter to Gen. Cass. of Dec. 6, 1860, 1.76; the government warned by, 1.219; important services of in preserving Washington, 1.430; appointed to command the Department of Southeastern Virginia, 1.482; relieves Butler in command at Fortress Monroe, 2.105; his, ope
Charles Congdon, Tribune Essays: Leading Articles Contributing to the New York Tribune from 1857 to 1863. (ed. Horace Greeley), Inaugural glories. (search)
le for place, this contest for collectorships and clerkships, this pother about post-offices: in short, if we may use a coarse word, this grand grab for provender. The Malakoff was not more closely invested than the White House is now; and we verily believe that no Russian soldier in that stronghold was ever in half so much danger of his life as Mr. Buchanan is at the present time. We can easily imagine, without personal observation, (for we have only asked for the appointment of our friend Cass,) how the poor President is baited and bullied and beset; how the hungry beggars do invade the privacy of bed-chamber, of library and of parlor; how the perpetual knocking at the portals sounds in his ears like the unmentionable gentleman's tattoo — a reveille of continually-recurring wretchedness. We all know what a chronic bother are the little boys and girls who come into our areas for broken victuals; but what are they to swarms of adult mendicants, swarming from all quarters and bawling
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