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t sea, half famished, destitute of water and of food, they capitulated, and in successive divisions, were ferried across the intervening river. As the captives stepped upon the opposite bank, their hands were tied behind them; and in this way they were marched towards St. Augustine, like sheep to the slaughter-house. When they approached the fort, a signal was given; and amidst the sound of trumpets and drums, the Spaniards fell upon the unhappy men, who could offer no resistance. A few Catholics were spared; some mechanics were reserved as slaves; the rest were massacred, not as Frenchmen, but as Lutherans. The whole number of victims here and at the fort, is said, by the French, to have been about nine hundred; the Spanish accounts diminish the number of the slain, but not the atrocity of the deed. In 1566 Melendez attempted to take possession of 1566. Chesapeake Bay, then known as St. Mary's. A vessel was despatched from his squadron with thirty soldiers and two Dominicans,
her dominions, and a consciousness of their worth cheered them on to make a settlement of their own. They were restless with the desire to live once more under the government of their native land. And whither should they go to acquire a province for King James? The fertility and wealth of Guiana had been painted in dazzling colors by the brilliant eloquence of Raleigh; but the terrors of the tropical climate, the wavering pretensions of England to the soil, and the proximity of bigoted Catholics, led them rather to look towards the most northern parts of Virginia, hoping, under the general government of that province, to live in a distinct body by themselves. To obtain the consent of the London company, John Carver, with Robert Cushman, in 1617, repaired to England. They took with them seven articles, from the members of the Church at Leyden, to be submitted to the council in England for Virginia. These articles discussed the relations, which, as separatists in religion, they b
party in the mother country, gave to the measure an air of magnanimous Chap. IX.} 1637. defiance; it was almost a proclamation of independence. As an act of intolerance, it found in Vane an inflexible opponent, and, using the language of the times, he left a memorial of his dissent. Scribes and Pharisees, and such as are confirmed in any way of error,—these are the remarkable words of the man, who soon embarked for England, where he afterwards pleaded in parliament for the liberties of Catholics and Dissenters,—all such are not to be denyed cohabitation, but are to be pitied and reformed. Ishmael shall dwell in the presence of his brethren. The friends of Wheelwright could not brook the censure of their leader; but they justified their indignant remonstrances by the language of fanaticism. A new rule of practice by immediate revelations, was now to be the guide of their conduct; not that they expected a revelation Welde, 45, ed. 1692, or 42, ed. 1644. in the way of a mira