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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The First shot against the flag. (search)
directly under the guns of Fort Moultrie. In this state of preparation the night of the 11th of April closed upon the harbor. Toward midnight the officers of the garrison were aroused by the report of the officer of the day, that a boat under a white flag had arrived, and that two messengers from the Confederate authorities had again come to the work. It was now one and a half o'clock in the morning, when the aides of the military commandant of the Confederate forces, accompanied by Colonel Chisholm and Mr. Roger A. Pryor, of Virginia, entered the work. They bore a letter from Brigadier General Beaureguard, commanding Provisional Army Confederate States of America, to Major Anderson, to the effect, that in consequence of the verbal observation made to his aides in relation to the condition of his supplies, and that he would soon be starved out, he had communicated the same to his government. The proposition was then made to him, that if he would state the time at which he would e
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Index. (search)
357 Chancellorsville, 167, 193, 197, 200, 201, 202, 208, 211, 212, 213, 214, 216, 217, 231, 233, 235, 237, 475 Chantilly, 129 Charles City Court-House, 73 Charlestown, 136, 164, 240, 369, 406, 408, 409, 411, 413, 414, 419, 424 Charlottesville, 340, 341, 371, 372, 378, 393, 401, 435, 458, 464, 465 C. & 0. Canal, 42, 134, 383, 414, 456 Chester Gap, 238, 285, 457 Chickahominy, 76,77,87,89,155,361 Chilton, Colonel R. H., 200, 201 Chinn's House, 23, 25, 28 Chisholm, Colonel, 17, 26 Christie, Captain C. W., 187 Clarke County, 366, 369 Clark's Mountain, 303 Clear Spring, 402 Clifton Forge, 328, 331, 380 Cobb's Brigade, 149 Cocke, Colonel Ph. St. G., 3, 4, 5, 16, 26. 31, 32, 35, 38, 41 Codorus, 261 Cold Harbor, 76, 361, 362, 363, 371, 372 College Hill, 374 Colliertown, 328, 329 Colquitt, General, 158, 177 Colston, General, 63, 195, 212 Columbia, 255 Columbia Bridge, 259 Columbia Furnace, 339, 436, 450 Conduct o
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 13: the siege and evacuation of Fort Sumter. (search)
avoring to destroy the liberties and usurp the rights of more than thirty millions of people. Raleigh (North Carolina) Banner. At two o'clock in the afternoon of Thursday, the 11th of April, Beauregard sent Colonel James Chesnut, Jr., Colonel Chisholm, and Captain Stephen D. Lee, of his staff, with a letter to Major Anderson, in which he conveyed a demand for the evacuation of Fort Sumter. The original of Beauregard's letter is before me while I write. It is as follows:-- Headquaeauregard's letter to Anderson. the effusion of blood. If this or its equivalent be refused, he said, reduce the fort, as your judgment decides to be the most practicable. At eleven o'clock the same night, Beauregard sent Colonels Chesnut, Chisholm, Pryor (Roger A.), and Captain Lee, with the proposition of Walker, to Major Anderson, when the latter replied that he cordially united with them in a desire to prevent bloodshed, and would therefore agree, in accordance with the proposed stipul
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 25: the battle of Bull's Run, (search)
patch at one o'clock on the morning Joseph E. Johnston. of the 18th. It was necessary to fight and defeat General Patterson or to elude him. The latter was accomplished, and Johnston, with six thousand infantry, reached Manassas Junction at about noon on the 20th. His whole army, excepting about two thousand of his sick and a guard of militia, who had been left at Winchester, had marched by the way of Millwood through Ashby's Gap to Piedmont, See map on page 586. Beauregard sent Colonel Chisholm, one of his aids, to meet Johnston, and suggest the propriety of his sending down a part of his force by the way of Aldie, to fall upon the flank and rear of the Nationals at Centreville. Lack of transportation prevented that movement. See Beauregard's Report, August 26, 1861. whence the infantry were conveyed by railway, while the cavalry and artillery, because of a lack of rolling stock This technical term means the engines and cars, with their appurtenances. on the road, were co
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 2 (search)
f transporting two regiments, being in readiness about three o'clock, the Seventh and Eighth Georgia regiments were dispatched in them. No other infantry had the means of moving that day, although the president of the railroad company had promised that the last regiment should reach Manassas Junction Saturday morning-nine thousand men-before sunrise. The artillery and cavalry were directed to continue their march by the wagon-road, under Colonels Stuart and Pendleton. At night, Captain Chisholm, an officer of General Beauregard's staff, arrived, bringing a suggestion from him to me, to march by Aldie and fall upon the rear of the Federal right, at Centreville, while his troops, advancing from Bull Run, assailed that army in front. I did not agree to the plan, because, ordinarily, it is impracticable to direct the movements of troops so distant from each other, by roads so far separated, in such a manner as to combine their action on a field of battle. It would have been imp
spital, which had become the special target of the enemy's rifle guns, notwithstanding it was surmounted by the usual yellow hospital flag, but which, however, I hope, for the sake of past associations, was ignorantly mistaken for a Confederate flag. The name of each individual medical officer I cannot mention. On the day of the engagement, I was attended by my personal staff, Lieutenant S. W. Ferguson, A. D.C., and my volunteer aides-de-camp, Colonels Preston, Manning, Chestnut, Miles, Chisholm, and Heyward, of South Carolina, to all of whom I am greatly indebted for manifold essential services in the transmission of orders on the field, and in the preliminary arrangements for occupation and maintenance of the line of Bull Run. Col. Thomas Jordan, Assistant Adjutant-General; Capt. C. N. Smith, Assistant Adjutant-General; Col. S. Jones, Chief of Artillery and Ordnance; Major Cabell, Chief Quarter-master; Capt. W. H. Fowle, Chief of Subsistence Department; Surgeon Thos. H. Willia
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 4. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 2.-fight at Port Royal, S. C. January 1, 1862. (search)
nted seven guns. The order for landing was as follows: The Seventy-ninth in advance, landed at Chisholm's Plantation, supported by the Fiftieth and Eighth Michigan, under cover of three boat-howitzernly the Seventy-ninth, and the Fiftieth Pennsylvania, landed here at this first landing, called Chisholm's plantation, the Eighth Michigan, understanding that they were to land at the Adams House, so plantation was our first landing, the Heywood next, marching to the Adams, and then by another Chisholm, and thence into the Fort. Lieut. J. A. Power, we found, by a bill for his uniform in his pot. A. J. Holbrook, on board, as he had a curiosity to show us in the shape of a present from Mrs. Chisholm, formerly a resident of Beaufort, which she sent from Charleston by one of her high cost neggone. Capt. Croft, Jones's regiment, a graduate of the Citadel, occupied an advanced post on Chisholm's island, and marched his company in retreat in complete order. He remained in the rear with f
d. The enemy's dead lie scattered along the route down to the point of landing. During the whole engagement they were carrying their wounded and dying to the rear. One man who saw them on their retreat states that he met a continued stream of ambulances going and coming from their boats. On their advance they had killed some sheep, but in the hasty retreat were obliged to leave their plunder. Our troops buried forty of the enemy's dead. The force that first met the enemy consisted of the Rutledge mounted riflemen, Capt. Trenholm; Charleston light dragoons, Capt. Rutledge; Beaufort volunteer artillery, Capt. William Elliott, and an infantry company, who stubbornly and successfully contested the enemy's advance until the arrival of reenforcements. The others afterward engaged were Nelson's Virginia battery, Morgan's squadron of cavalry, Major Abney's First battalion of sharp-shooters, consisting of Capt. Chisholm's company, Capt. Allston's company, and Captain Buist's company.
e directing him to fall back behind Bull Run, and was in pencil. At the foot of it were these words: Send early to me. This was all the order that I received to move to the left, and it was shown to me a very little after twelve o'clock. . . . Chisholm, who carried the note to Jones, in which was contained the order I received, passed me at McLean's Ford going on to Jones about, or a little after, eleven o'clock. If I had not received the order until 2 P. M., it would have been impossible for me to get on the field at the time I reached it, about 3:30 P. M. Colonel Chisholm informed me that the order was for all the troops to fall back across Bull Run. . . . I was met by Colonel John S. Preston, one of the General's aides, who informed me that General Beauregard had gone where the fighting was, . . . but that General Johnston was just in front, and his directions were that we should proceed to the left, where there was a heavy fire of musketry. . . . When we reached General Johnston
d, 231, 232, 233, 235. Communication to Davis regarding Fort Sumter, 232. Carthage, Battle of, 365, 368. Cass, Gen., Lewis, 32, 33. Resignation as U. S. Secretary of State, 183. Chandler, Z. Letter to Gov. Blair, 215. Charleston, S. C. Harbor forts, 181-83. Chase, —, 231. Cheney (ship), 339. Chesnut, Col., James, 246, 247, 248, 305, 319,320, 321. Extract from letter concerning Davis, 205-06. Chew, —, 236, 239. Chinn's Hill, Battle of, 325. Chisholm, Colonel, 324. Clark, General, 369, 384. Clarke, John B., 366. Clay, C. C., 189. Letter in defense of Jefferson Davis, 177-78. Henry, 10, 13-14. Clayton, Alexander M. Extract of letter to Memphis appeal, 203-04. Cobb, Howell, 204, 206. Thomas W., 9. Cocke, Gen. Philip St. George, 309, 325, 329. Collamer, —, 58. Collins, John, Gov. of Rhode Island, 97. Columbus (Ky.) Occupation by Confederate troops, 336-37. Columbus (frigate), 285. Community indep<
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