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Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 14 0 Browse Search
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ion of the binder. The book had brass clasps, and contains the divine office for the year. It is in remarkable preservation. 2. Catalogus factorum et gestorum eorum et diversis voluminibus collectus, edited by the most reverend father in Christ, Petro de Natalibus. Printed in 1514. Bound in white vellum, elaborately embossed with salient figures representing Faith, Hope, and Charity, kit-cat length in panels of the cover, surrounded by scrolls and leafage. The binding has the date e tree. At a sale of rare books and manuscripts in Paris recently, there was disposed of a fourteenth century, illuminated, Gothic edition of the Bible, with gold clasps, set with turquoises and bound in human skin. A copy of the Imitation of Christ, now in the Carmelite library at Paris, is similarly covered. The human skin is said to preserve its brilliant whiteness forever, while all other parchments will turn yellow. It possesses, besides, the advantage of being easily embossed, the Bi
d the year of the Hegira. The crescent, found on some Byzantine coins, was adopted as a symbol by the Turks. King Abde ahman (Ben Moavia) had his zeka, or house for the coinage of money, in Cordova; he introduced no change in the currency, but retained the dies used in Syria by the Caliphs, who were his predecessors, and made his coins in all respects similar to theirs, . . . excepting what was necessitated by time and place. — Conde. Justinian II. was the first who had the image of Christ struck on coins, A. D. 710. The Pope's effigy first occurs on a coin in 1480. The as libra, in the time of Servius Tullius (550 B. C.), weighed a pound, as its name indicates; by 190 B. C., it had fallen to half an ounce. Silver was coined 269 B. C., when the denarius weighed 90 grains; in the time of Vespasian, A. D. 70, it had fallen to 53 grains. The aureus was first issued about 204 B. C., and weighed 166 grains, but had fallen to 96 grains in the time of Heliogabalus, A. D. 218.
JoslynJune 20, 1865. †48,775L. C. RodierJuly 11, 1865. 50,224S. CrispinOct. 3, 1865. 51,092Smith and WessonNov. 21, 1865. †51,117W. MasonNov. 21, 1865. 51,269J. RiderNov. 28, 1865. 51,836B. F. JoslynJan. 2, 1866. †51,985E. WhitneyJan. 9, 1866. †52,165H. HammondJan. 23, 1866. 52,248H. S. JoselynJan. 23, 1866. 52,582B. T. LoomisFeb. 13, 1866. 53,539W. MasonMar. 27, 1866. †53,648P. PolainMar. 27, 1866. †53,881S. H. RoperApr. 10, 1866. †54,065J. B. DoolittleApr. 17, 1866. 57,864A. ChristSept. 11, 1866. 59,629A. L. MunsonNov. 13, 1866. 63,450R. W. DrewApr. 2, 1867. 65,510E. K. RootJune 4, 1867. 75,016G. HolmanMar. 3, 1868. 85,350J. AdamsDec. 29, 1868. †93,572R. WhiteAug. 10, 1869. †93,653R. WhiteAug. 10, 1869. †94,003C. A. KingAug 24, 1869. 97,780F. A. Le MatDec. 14, 1869. †99,505R. WhiteFeb. 1, 1870. †99,690J. M. MarlinFeb. 8, 1870. 99,693J. C. MillerFeb. 8, 1870. 100,227R. WhiteFeb. 22, 1870. 102,782Felix and De DartienMay 10, 1870 103,013G
th the design required to be repeated. Some of the ancient stamps in the British Museum are of bronze, and have raised reversed letters, evi- dently intended to print on bark, leaves, papyrus, linen, or parchment. These stamps have handles. They were in use among the Romans before the Christian era. The first notice that we find of printing pages is in the Chinese annals. Du Halde cites the following, from the pen of the celebrated Emperor Van Vong, who flourished 1120 years before Christ:— As the stone Me [a word signifying ink in the Chinese language], which is used to blacken the engraved characters, can never become white; so a heart blackened by vices will always retain its blackness. From this it appears that printing from blocks was a very ancient art. Other Catholic missionaries besides Du Halde concur in supposing it to have been invented from 930 to 950 B. C. The Chinese process is described by Sir J. F. Davis, and it is probable that it has remained substa
mouth. See the following patents: — 70,089.Hannaford22, 10, 1867 63,886.Harris16, 4, 1867 56,213.Haines10, 7, 1866 64,970.Graham21, 5, 1867 43,308.Hartman28, 6, 1864 65,216.Hartman (anti-friction rollers)28, 5, 1866 59,596.Hartman13, 11, 1867 50,822.Hartman7, 11, 1865 79,334.Ferry30, 6, 1868 72,729.Fink31, 12, 1867 72,831.Ferry31, 12, 1867 66,312.Donehoo2, 7, 1867 59,965.Chapman27, 11, 1866 59,819.Clark20, 11, 1866 73,875.Clark28, 1, 1868 61,522.Donehoo29, 1, 1867 52,139.Christ and Stehman23, 1, 1866 Running-Rein. 67,837.Andrews (over-head)20, 8, 1867 69,893.Beans15, 10, 1867 66,941.Brown23, 7, 1867 80,897.Barnes11, 8, 1868 Running-Reins to pull on the Bit to check Horses, mostly in connection with Gag and Check Hook. 74,623.Smokey18, 2, 1868 Seitz26, 9, 1848 56,619.Sayre24, 7, 1866 2,780.Smith (driving-rein runs to martingale; does not involve the check)17, 9, 1842 2,510.Smith23, 3, 1842 73,042.Rice and Leach7, 1, 1868 59,937.Albright and Bu
nished to the right amount, and to render it more acute, something is cut off from the length. The stones thus arranged remind one in effect of a series of steel bars, as exhibited in acoustic apparatus to illustrate the fact that vibrations above a certain pitch are inaudible to the human ear. Frequent endeavors have been made to decide what kind of stones are employed in the fabrication of the pien king, since they were customarily paid as tribute-money more than two thousand years before Christ by certain provinces of China. Certain authors have thought that they recognized in them a kind of black marble, and the editor of the works of Father Amiote asserts that the king or musical stone constructed in France with the black marble of Flanders was quite as sonorous as those of China. Lately a discovery was made at Kendal, in England, of some musical stones, which, when struck with a piece of iron or another stone, gave out sounds of very different pitch, and with eight of which i