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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cockburn, Sir George 1772-1853 (search)
e life in the British service to indefinite Sir George Cockburn's signature. confinement in jails. The appea on her deck, when the Dolphin struck her colors. Cockburn now went up the Chesapeake with the brigs Fantome out a dozen houses on the west coast of Delaware. Cockburn made the Fantome his flag-ship. The only defender water five trading-vessels were consumed. Thence Cockburn went up the bay to Havre De Grace (q. v.), at the the Chesapeake of property worth at least $70,000, Cockburn returned to the fleet. Early in July, 1813, AdmAdmiral Cockburn, with a part of his marauding fleet, went southward from Hampton Roads to plunder and destroy. freedom. These, and others obtained the same way, Cockburn sold in the West Indies on his private account. army of liberation. as they were falsely informed Cockburn's men were, the negroes were prepared to rise and strike for freedom. Cockburn did not venture into Charleston Harbor, but went down to Hilton Head, from which
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Craney Island, operations at (search)
Craney Island, operations at On June 1, 1813, Admiral Sir J. Borlase Warren entered the Chesapeake with a considerable reinforcement for the marauding squadron of Sir George Cockburn (q. v.), bearing a large number of land troops and marines. There were twenty ships of the line and frigates and several smaller British war-vessels within the capes of Virginia. The cities of Baltimore, Annapolis, and Norfolk were equally menaced. Norfolk was the first point of attack. For its defence on the waters were the frigate Constellation, thirty-eight guns, and a flotilla of gunboats; on the land were Forts Norfolk and Nelson (one on each side of the Elizabeth The Block-House on Craney Island, 1813. River), and Forts Tar and Barbour, and the fortifications on Craney Island, 5 miles below the city. Towards midnight of June 19 Captain Tarbell, by order of Commodore Cassin, commanding the station, went down the Elizabeth River with fifteen gunboats, to attempt the capture of the frigate
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hampton, (search)
us ended a sharp battle, in which the British lost, in killed, wounded, and missing, about fifty men, and the Americans about thirty. Of eleven missing Americans, ten had fled to their homes. The victorious British now entered the village, and Cockburn, who had come on shore, and was in chief command, gave the place up to pillage and rapine. The atrocities committed upon the defenceless inhabitants, particularly the women, were deeply deplored and condemned by the British authorities and writers. Cockburn, who was the chief instigator of them, covered his name with dishonor by the act. The British officers who tried to palliate the offence by charging the crimes upon the Frenchmen, were denounced by the most respectable British writers. A commission, appointed to investigate the matter, said, in their report, The sex hitherto guarded by the soldiers' honor escaped not the assaults of superior force. On the night of Aug. 7, 1861, this village, then containing about 500 houses,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Havre de Grace, attack on. (search)
d near the mouth of the Susquehanna River, containing about sixty houses, mostly built of wood. It was on the postroad between Philadelphia and Baltimore, as it now is upon the railway between the two cities. On the night of May 2, 1813, Sir George Cockburn, commander of a British squadron, engaged in marauding on the shores of Chesapeake Bay, approached the village, and at dawn on the morning of the 3d the inhabitants were awakened by the sound of arms. Fifteen Village of Haverhill, sceneurned upon the town. The invaders were 400 strong. They were divided into squads, and began the work of plundering and destroying systematically, officers and men equally interested in the business. When half the village had been destroyed, Cockburn went on shore, and was met on the common by several ladies who had taken refuge in a brick dwelling known as the Pringle mansion. They entreated him to spare the rest of the village, and especially the roof that sheltered them. He yielded, and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Key, Francis Scott 1780- (search)
Author; born in Frederick county, Md., Aug. 9, 1780; was a lawyer and poet, and, removing to Washington, D. C., became district attorney. A collection of his poems was Francis Scott Key. published after his death, in Baltimore, Jan. 11. 1843. The Star-Spangled banner On the return of the British to their vessels after the capture of Washington, they carried with them Dr. Beanes, an influential and well-known physician of Upper Marlboro. His friends begged for his release, but Admiral Cockburn refused to give him up, and sent him on board the flag-ship of Admiral Cochrane. Key, then a resident of Georgetown, well known for his affability of manner, was requested to go to Signature of Francis Scott Key. Cochrane as a solicitor for the release of the doctor. He consented, and the President granted him permission. In company with John S. Skinner, a well-known citizen of Baltimore, he went in the cartel-ship Minden, under a flag of truce. They found the British ships at the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maryland, State of. (search)
e did. Laying out Baltimore, Jan. 12, 1730. While stirring events were occurring on the New England coast and the Northern frontier in 1814, others of equal importance occurred in the vicinity of Chesapeake Bay and the national capital. There were premonitions of impending danger in that region early in 1814. News reached the government that 4,000 British troops, destined for the United States, had landed at Bermuda. This news was followed by the arrival, in Lynn Haven Bay, of Admiral Cockburn, with a strong naval force, to begin the work indicated in Admiral Cochrane's order to destroy the seaport towns and ravage the country. In April news came of the downfall of Napoleon and of his abdication, which was expected to release British veterans from service in Europe. Notwithstanding the national capital was then almost defenseless, the passage of the British ships up the Potomac might be disputed only by the guns of Fort Washington, a few miles below the city, and there was
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), North Point, battle of (search)
cker with 3,200 men in that direction to watch the movements of the invaders and act as circumstances might require. Some volunteers and militia were also sent to co-operate with Stricker. Feeling confident of success, Ross, accompanied by Admiral Cockburn, rode gayly in front of the troops as they moved towards Baltimore. They had marched about an hour, when they halted and spent another hour in resting and careless carousing at a tavern. From Colonel Sterett's regiment General Stricker had) riflemen, seventy in number, a small piece of artillery, and some cavalry, under Lieutenant Stiles. They met the British advancing at a point about 7 miles from Baltimore. Two of Asquith's riflemen, concealed in a hollow, fired upon Ross and Cockburn as they were riding ahead of the troops, when the former fell from his horse, mortally wounded, and died in the arms of his favorite aide, Duncan McDougall, before his bearers reached the boats. The command now devolved on Col. A. A. Brooke. U
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rodgers, John 1771-1838 (search)
ing the men-of-war, and he turned westward to intercept such vessels coming out of the Irish Channel. He soon afterwards met and captured these (July and August), and, after making a complete circuit of Ireland, he steered for the Banks of Newfoundland. Towards evening, Sept. 23, the President fell in with the British armed schooner Highflyer, the tender to Admiral Warren's flagship St. Domingo. She was a stanch vessel and fast sailer, and was commanded by Lieutenant Hutchinson, one of Cockburn's subalterns when he plundered and burned Havre de Grace, the home of Rodgers. By stratagem, the latter decoyed the Highflyer alongside the President. Rodgers had obtained some British signalbooks before leaving Boston, and he had caused some signal-flags to be made on his ship. When he came in sight of the Highflyer, he raised a British ensign, which was responded to, and a signal was also displayed at the mast-head of the Highflyer. Rodgers was delighted to find he possessed its com
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), St. Michael, defence of (search)
St. Michael, defence of On the eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay was the little town of St. Michael, in Talbot county, Md., founded by ship-builders, and famous as the place where most of the swift-sailing privateers, called Baltimore clippers, were built. Seven of these were on the stocks there in August, 1814, when Admiral Cockburn appeared, with the intention of destroying them and the village. The veteran Gen. Derry Benson, commander of the militia of Talbot county, prepared to receive the invaders. He constructed two redoubts, and the militia from the adjacent country were called to the defence of the place. Benson had, in the aggregate, about 300 men. Between midnight and dawn on Aug. 11 the invaders proceeded to the attack in eleven barges, each armed with a 6-pounder fieldpiece. The night was intensely dark, and the first intimation of their presence was the booming of their cannon. The Marylanders, though a little surprised, made a gallant resistance from the batteri
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Slavery. (search)
Dominion would lose Slave cabin on A plantation. Interior of a slave cabin. this trade, amounting annually to from $13,000,000 to $20,000,000. When Admiral Cockburn began his marauding expedition on the American coast in the spring of 1813, he held out a promise of freedom to all slaves who should join his standard. Manese movements reached the plantations farther south, and, in the summer of 1813, secret organizations were formed among the slaves to receive and co-operate with Cockburn's army of liberation, as they supposed it to be. One of these secret organizations met regularly on St. John's Island, near Charleston. Their leader was a man oiberty and mine. But not one needless drop of blood must be shed. I have a master whom I love, and the man who takes his life must pass over my dead body. Had Cockburn been faithful to his promises to the negroes, and landed and declared freedom to the slaves of South Carolina, no doubt many thousands of colored people would ha
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