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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 4 2 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), French refugees in America. (search)
French refugees in America. The colony of Huguenots planted in America by Coligni disappeared, but the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (q. v.) in 1685 caused another and larger emigration to America. The refugees in England had been kindly assisted there, and after the accession of William and Mary Parliament voted $75,000 to be distributed among persons of quality and all such as, through age or infirmity, were unable to support themselves. The King sent a large body of them to Virginia, and lands were allotted them on the James River; others purchased lands of the proprietaries of Carolina, and settled on the Santee River; while others—merchants and artisans—settled in Charleston. These Huguenots were a valuable acquisition to the colonies. In the South they planted vineyards and made wine. A large number of them settled in the province of New York, chiefly in Westchester and Ulster counties, and in the city of New Y
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Huguenots. (search)
rning-star of the Reformation in that country. Under his teaching the number of Protestants in France rapidly increased from 1528 to 1559, when the great synod held in May adopted Calvin's ideas of church government and discipline, as well as doctrine, in an embodied confession of faith. The Huguenots were then so strong that they confidently expected to be the dominant party in the state in time. They included some of the royal family and many of the nobility. Among the latter was Gaspard de Coligni, admiral of France, a man respected by both parties, a brave and patriotic soldier and sailor, and for a while the favorite of the queen mother and regent of France, Catharine dea Medici. In 1555 he formed a project of a settlement for the persecuted Huguenots in America; and in that year Henry II. furnished two ships, commanded by the Chevalier de Villagagnon, who, with a small Protestant colony, sailed from Havre-de-Grace in May, 1555, and reached the bay of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Georgia, (search)
0, 1,837,353; 1900, 2,216,331; capital, Atlanta. De Soto enters the State from Florida; travels northeast through the pine barrens, erects a cross of wood near the Ocmulgee; hears from Indians on the Etowah of gold to the north, and proceeds westward to the Mississippi, entering Alabama by the Coosa......1540 Tristan de Luna, with 300 Spaniards, spends the summer in what is now Habersham county, searching for gold......1560 Jean Ribault, of Dieppe, with two ships fitted out by Gaspard de Coligni, high admiral of France and leader of Huguenots, anchors off mouth of Satilla, discovers Altamaha River, Ossabaw Sound, and the Savannah River......May, 1562 Second expedition, sent out by Coligni, three ships under Rene de Laudonnier. anchor in St. Andrew's Sound......June, 1564 Land between lat. 31° and 36° N., and westward to the ocean, granted by first charter of Charles II. to the lords proprietors of Carolina......March 24, 1663 A three years grant of lands between Sa