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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 24 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Huguenots. (search)
valier de Villagagnon, who, with a small Protestant colony, sailed from Havre-de-Grace in May, 1555, and reached the bay of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in September. Coligni provided ministers for his colony, and in a synod that year, held at The Huguenots——Landing of John Ribault (from an old print). Geneva, of which Calvin was pise, a descendant of Charlemagne, and a claimant of a right to the French throne. The Protestants were still suffering greatly from persecution, and late in 1561 Coligni sought permission from Catharine to provide a refuge for them in the wilds of America. She readily granted all he desired, and early in 1562 he sent John Ribaultor of his King, the remains of which were yet visible in 1866. After giving the colonists good advice, Ribault departed for Europe with the rest of the company. Coligni was delighted with his report, but was unable to do anything for his colony then, for civil war was raging between the Huguenots and Roman Catholics. When it sub
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Isles, Andre Des 1530- (search)
Isles, Andre Des 1530- Military officer; born in Dieppe, France, in 1530; sent to America in 1560 by Coligni for the purpose of erecting a society for the settlement of French Huguenots. He landed on the Florida coast near Cape San Juan, and erected a wooden fort, which he left in charge of twenty men. Coligni sent 600 Huguenots and three ships, under command of Captain Ribaut, with Des Isles as lieutenant. In 1563 Des Isles returned with 300 additional emigrants, but owing to eternal stcoast near Cape San Juan, and erected a wooden fort, which he left in charge of twenty men. Coligni sent 600 Huguenots and three ships, under command of Captain Ribaut, with Des Isles as lieutenant. In 1563 Des Isles returned with 300 additional emigrants, but owing to eternal strife between the leaders, Ribaut and Des Isles, on the one hand, and Laudonniere, on the other, the colony was greatly reduced, and in this condition was attacked by the Spaniard Menendez, who massacred all the French.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Laudonniere, Rene Goulaine de 1562-1586 (search)
Laudonniere, Rene Goulaine de 1562-1586 Colonist; born in France; first came to America in 1562 with the Huguenot colony under Ribault. In the spring of 1564 he was sent by Coligni with three ships to assist the first colony, but finding the Ribault settlement abandoned, went to Florida and built Fort Caroline on the St. Johns River. In the onslaught made upon the French colony by the Spaniards, Sept. 21, 1565, Laudonniere escaped. He wrote a history of the Florida enterprise, and died in France after 1586.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ribault, Jean 1520- (search)
Ribault, Jean 1520- Navigator; born in Dieppe, France, in 1520; first appeared in history as commander of Coligni's expedition to America in 1562. Returning for supplies, he was detained by civil war until the spring of 1565, when Coligni sent him with five ships to Florida, where he succeeded Laudonniere as commander-inchiefColigni sent him with five ships to Florida, where he succeeded Laudonniere as commander-inchief. He had just arrived, when five Spanish vessels appeared, under Don Pedro Menendez de Aviles, whose name and object were demanded. I am Menendez, he said, and declared he was sent to destroy all Protestants he could find. Ribault had been advised of the expedition of Menendez before his departure from France. Just as he was departing from Dieppe he was handed a letter from Coligni, in which the admiral had written a postscript, saying, While closing this letter I have received certain advice that Don Pedro Menendez is about to depart from Spain to the coast of Florida. You will take care not to suffer him to encroach upon us, any more than he would tha
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Florida, (search)
......May 25, 1539 Don Tristan de Luna, with about 1,500 soldiers and many zealous friars, anchors in Santa Maria Bay (probably Pensacola), establishes a camp, from which he makes excursions......Aug. 14, 1559 Expedition fitted out by Admiral Coligni, under Capt. Jean Ribault, on the way north along the coast, places at the entrance of St. John's River a monument of stones bearing the arms of France, and builds Fort Charles......1562 Rene de Laudonniere, with three vessels sent from France by Coligni, settles at point now known as St. John's Bluff......June 22, 1564 Sir John Hawkins, with four vessels, anchored at Laudonniere's settlement, and, seeing the settlers in great need, offers to take them back to France. Laudonniere refuses, but buys a vessel of Hawkins, who sets sail......Aug. 15, 1565 Seven vessels under Ribault, from Dieppe, May 23, with 500 men and families of artisans, land at river St. John......Aug. 29, 1565 Don Pedro Menendez de Avilla arrives fr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Georgia, (search)
ah of gold to the north, and proceeds westward to the Mississippi, entering Alabama by the Coosa......1540 Tristan de Luna, with 300 Spaniards, spends the summer in what is now Habersham county, searching for gold......1560 Jean Ribault, of Dieppe, with two ships fitted out by Gaspard de Coligni, high admiral of France and leader of Huguenots, anchors off mouth of Satilla, discovers Altamaha River, Ossabaw Sound, and the Savannah River......May, 1562 Second expedition, sent out by Coligni, three ships under Rene de Laudonnier. anchor in St. Andrew's Sound......June, 1564 Land between lat. 31° and 36° N., and westward to the ocean, granted by first charter of Charles II. to the lords proprietors of Carolina......March 24, 1663 A three years grant of lands between Savannah and Altamaha rivers obtained from lords proprietors of Carolina by Sir Robert Montgomery, Bart., who issues proposals for settlement of his province, the Margravate of Azilia ......1717 Montgomery