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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 5 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Automatic gun, (search)
in the recoil of each shot discharges the empty cartridge case, reloads, and returns the gun to its firing position. In the Maxim gun, invented by Hiram S. Maxim, the constant pressure upon the trigger keeps it in firing action till all of its ammunition is discharged. A hundred or more cartridges, the number depending upon the size of the gun. are strung on a belt and are directly fed into the ammunition box. There are two calibres of the Maxim gun: the first being the size of an ordinary rifle and easily held out at arm's length: the second fires a one-pound ball. Both of these guns can fire several hundred shots a minute, the first about 700. The Colt gun is also fully automatic. It has but a single barrel, which. owing to its thickness, does not heat quickly. and consequently does not need a water-jacket. The barrel is attached to a breech casing, and the belts are either contained in boxes or may rest on the ground. When fastened to the casing. the boxes move with it.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Santiago, naval battle of (search)
ere but few to rescue. Nineteen were taken from the Furor, twenty-six from the Pluton; all the rest of the sixty-four men on each boat were killed or drowned. It is worth while to make a little comparison here. the Furor and Pluton were 370 tons each, with a complement together of 134 men. They had together four 11-pounders, four 6-pounders, and four Maxim guns, in addition to their torpedoes. the Gloucester was of 800 tons, with ninety-three men, four 6-pounders, four 3-pounders, and two Colt automatic guns. The Spanish ships were fatally wounded probably by the secondary batteries of the battle-ships, but they were hunted down and destroyed by the Gloucester, which, regardless of the fire of the Socapa battery, closed with them and overwhelmed them. There is a very interesting exhibition here of the superior quality of the American sailor. The fierce, rapid, gallant attack of the Gloucester carried all before it, and showed that spirit of daring sea-fighting without which the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Supreme Court, United States (search)
ter. J. C. Bancroft Davis, New York. Clerk. J. H. McKenney, District of Columbia. Marshal. John M. Wright, Kentucky. The salary of the chief-justice of the United States is $10,500; associate justices, $10,000 each; of the reporter, $1,500; marshal, $3,500; clerk of the Supreme Court, $6,000. The country was divided into nine circuits, to each of which a justice of the Supreme Court was assigned. The circuits and their judges were: Circuit.Judges.Appointed. 1.Le Baron B. Colt, Rhode Island1884 William L. Putnam, Maine1892 2.William J. Wallace, New York1882 E. Henry Lacombe, New York1887 Nathaniel Shipman, Connecticut1892 3.Marcus W. Acheson, Pennsylvania1891 George M. Dallas, Pennsylvania1892 George Gray, Delaware1899 4.Nathan Goff, West Virginia1892 Charles H. Simmonton, South Carolina1893 5.Don A. Pardee. Louisiana1881 A. P. McCormick, Texas1892 David D. Shelby, Alabama1899 6.Henry F. Severens, Michigan1900 Horace H. Lurton, Tennessee1893 Wil