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Chapter 13: population. It is supposed that Medford, during the first ten years of its settlement, was quite populous; but the withdrawal of Mr. Cradock's men left it small. Another circumstance which operated unfavorably for the settlement of the town was the few large landholders. Mr. Cradock's heirs sold lots of a thousanMr. Cradock's heirs sold lots of a thousand acres to individuals, who kept possession of them; and thus excluded those enterprising and laborious farmers who were the best settlers in those days. Medford could fill up only so fast as these few rich owners consented to sell. This fact explains much of the early history of the settlement. While it secured the best kind of During the dinner, they have talked about those they saw at meeting, and each narrated what news he had found. The father had heard how much money was sunk by Mr. Cradock in his fishing speculation; and the reading boy had brought home J. Janeway's Address to citizens of London, after the great fire of 1666, just published. The
of £ 5; nor should any canoe be built in our jurisdiction before the next General Court, upon pain of £ 10. Sept. 9, 1639.--Registration of births, marriages, and deaths, expressly required; and to be sent annually to the court. 1640.--Matthew Cradock was a member of Parliament from London. June 2, 1641.--The bounds for Charlestown Village (Woburn) are to be set out by Captain Cooke, Mr. Holliocke, and Mr. John Oliver, the contents of four mile square. Mr. Carter, the first ministerEdward Collins was chosen by Cambridge a representative in the General Court; but he did not attend. They required him to give reasons for his neglect, or pay twenty shillings. 1644.--Medford was called to mourn the death of its founder, Matthew Cradock, Esq.; and, in 1649, lost a friend and neighbor, in the death of Governor Winthrop. 1644.--It was customary with the early settlers in Medford to attend public worship in the neighboring towns when they had no preaching within their own p
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colonial commissions. (search)
g to do with the matters complained of, and added new and serious charges of their own, declaring themselves unable to redress their grievances. They referred the whole matter to the privy council. A commission of twelve persons was appointed, with Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, at its head, to whom full power was given to revise the laws, to regulate the Church, and to revoke charters. The members of the Massachusetts Company in England were called upon to give up their patent, and Governor Cradock wrote for it to be sent over. Morton wrote to one of the old planters that a governor-general had been appointed. Orders were also issued to the seaport towns of England to have all vessels intended for America stopped. The colonists were alarmed. The magistrates and clergy met on an island at the entrance to the inner harbor of Boston, and, resolving to resist the commissioners, agreed to erect a fort on the island, and to advance the means for the purpose themselves until the meet
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cradock, Matthew -1641 (search)
Cradock, Matthew -1641 English merchant; chosen the first governor of the Massachusetts Company, who founded the Massachusetts Bay colony. He never came to America, but was a munificent supporter of the colony during its early struggles. He was a member of the celebrated Long Parliament, and died in London, May 27, 1641.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
ocal government was entirely in the hands of the corporation in England. No royal negative was reserved in the enactments of the company. Nothing was said about religion. The company was organized under the charter by the appointment of Matthew Cradock governor, and Timothy Goffe deputy-governor—two wealthy London merchants. The executive administration of the colony was intrusted to John Endicott, assisted by twelve councillors— seven to be named by the company, two to be selected by the657 Thomas Prince1657 to 1673 Josiah Winslow1673 to 1681 Thomas Hinkley1681 to 1686 Sir Edmund Andros, governor-general1686 to 1689 Thomas Hinkley1689 to 1692 Massachusetts Bay colony. Name.Term. John Endicott (acting)1629 to 1630 Matthew Cradock (did not serve) John Winthrop1630 to 1634 Thomas Dudley1634 to 1635 John Haynes1635 to 1636 Henry Vane1636 to 1637 John Winthrop1637 to 1640 Thomas Dudley1640 to 1641 Richard Bellingham1641 to 1642 John Winthrop1642 to 1644 gover
Historic leaves, volume 6, April, 1907 - January, 1908, The first Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. (search)
This honor has been claimed for three persons,—Matthew Cradock, Roger Conant, and John Endicott. Perhaps none of them were entitled to the distinction. Matthew Cradock was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay ComNew England, for so the company became in 1630; but Cradock was not its governor. John Winthrop, by virtue of his having been the follower in London of Cradock, as second governor of the company, became the governor of th that part of the town which is now in Somerville. Cradock remained at home, but had possessions here, and theilation from 1860 to 1870 was by Dr. Shurtleff, and Cradock is named as first governor in 1629, followed by Winr. For the first seven years, he says Endicott and Cradock were governors in 1629, and Winthrop in 1630. For the remaining twenty-five years he omits Cradock, and names Endicott as governor in 1629, and Winthrop in 1630, or Savage, make any recognition of Conant. Matthew Cradock was not a governor of the colony as a fact, but
, 17-23, 43-47. Company F, of Taunton, 46. Company H, Dorchester, 46, 64. Company I, of Natick, 46. Company K. Woburn, 46, 57. Cobble Hill, 53. Cold Harbor, 63. 64. Cold Harbor, Battle of, 63. Conant. Roger, 78, 79, 80. Concord, Mass., 28, 77. Conrad's Ferry, 18. Constantine, Arch of. 80. Convent Hill, 11. Conwell, Leon M., 75. Coolidge, Eunice, 49. Cooper-Shop Eating House, 18. Cotimore Katharine. 29. Cow Commons, 25, 26, 30. Cradock House, 79. Cradock, Matthew, 78. 79, 80. Crater, The, 72. Crawford, General, 45. Crosby, Elkanah. 18. Cross Street, 9, 29, 39. Crosswell, Andrew. 51. Crosswell, Benjamin, 51. Crosswell, Caleb, 51. Crosswell, Joseph, 51. Crosswell, Thomas, 51. Crowell,, 30. Crow, John, 30. Crow, Yelverton, 30. Cuba, 41. Cub Run, 23. Culpeper, 44. Culpeper, C. H., 21. Cutler's Division, 63. Cutter, Ammi, 52, 53. Cutter, Charlotte W., 53. Cutter, Ebenezer F., 53. Cutter, Edward, 53, 55. Cutte
south of the Charles. The former grant of the New England coast to the Earl of Warwick and others, six years before, was by them resigned to this company. Mr. Matthew Cradock, a prudent and wealthy citizen of London, was the first governor chosen by the company, and sworn in chancery March 23, 1628-9, Mr. Thomas Goffe being chosetham Plain, in which Mount Feake was included, which was long known as the Oldham Farm. After his death the General Court ordered the land to be laid out for Matthew Cradock, of London, to whom Oldham was indebted. This farm then passed into the hands successively of Simon Bradstul, of Ipswich, Thomas Mayhew, of Watertown, and R being then 41 or 42 years old. He established himself in Martha's Vineyard in 1644. Palfrey. During his residence in Watertown he purchased the Old Mill of Governor Cradock, was granted the 150 acres belonging to the mill, [See p. 21], owned shares in the wear, and was at one time proprietor of the Oldham Farm. He represented W
ll, first in the town, 92. Cotton warp, demand for machine made, 125. Council for New England grant lands to the new Dorchester Company, 9. Council of seven persons with two of the planters to act with Endicott, 10. Counties of Middlesex, Essex, Norfolk and Suffolk formed 58. Court at South-Hampton aboard the Arbella, 12; of Assistants, 18-22, 25, 28-29. Covenant, signing of constitutes the organization of a church, 22. Cowes, Winthrop's fleet riding at the, 12. Cradock, Matthew, first Governor of the new Dorchester Company, 10; owner of Oldham Farm, 38. Crayons, colored and white, 141. Cross, the red, a superstitious thing, 25. Cuff, Felix, and other negroes hide in the Devil's Den, 105; pay for his services in the war, 105 n. 2. Currency, Continental, 77, 105. Curtains at two meeting-house windows, 98. Cushing, Rev., Jacob, ordained, 74; death of, 77: character and influence, 78; his papers sold to Peter Force of Washington, 111 n. 2. Cushi
th of every part of the River Merrimac, from the Atlantic to the Pacific ocean. The grantees associated to themselves Sir Richard Saltonstall, Isaac Johnson, Matthew Cradock, Increase Nowell, Richard Bellingham, Theophilus Eaton, William Pynchon and others; of whom nearly all united religious zeal with a capacity for vigorous actiest. Such were the Conclusions which were privately circulated among the Puritans of England. At a general court, held on the twenty-eighth of July, 1629, Matthew Cradock, governor of the company, who had engaged himself beyond all expectation in the business, following out what seems to have been the early design, proposed thethe expenses of the first year. There was nothing to show for the adventure, but the commonwealth which it helped to found. Of ships for transporting passengers Cradock furnished two. The large ship, the Eagle, purchased by members of the company, took the name of Arbella, from a sister of the Earl of Lincoln, wife to Isaac John
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