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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 4: seditious movements in Congress.--Secession in South Carolina, and its effects. (search)
r side is a group of Southern productions of the earth, and over and around them the words, the wealth of the South--Rice, tobacco, sugar, and Cotton. On the day when the Ordinance of Secession was passed, the Convention adopted a banner for the new empire. It was composed of red and blue silk, the former being the ground of the standard, and the latter, in the form of a cross, bearing fifteen stars. The largest star was for South Carolina. On the red field were a silver Palmetto and Crescent. The Crescent was placed in the South Carolina flag in 1775, under the following circumstances:--The Provincial Council had taken measures to fortify Charleston, after the Royal Governor was driven away. As there was no national flag at the time, says General Moultrie, in his Memoirs, I was desired by the Council of Safety to have one made, upon which, as the State troops were clothed in blue, and the fort [Johnson, on James Island] was garrisoned by the First and Second Regiments, who
were in woods. This cut off their retreat, and secured them as prisoners. The manner of surrender is said to have been somewhat ludicrous. About thirty or forty of them threw themselves into a wide ditch, and, falling upon their backs and knees, waved their tattered white handkerchiefs in token of submission. There were some one hundred and twenty-five prisoners, rank and file, taken here, besides several officers. The confederate troops engaged belonged to the Eighteenth Louisiana and Crescent regiments. The Colonel of the latter, J. P. McPheeters, was killed on the field. He was buried by his own men, (who had been taken and paroled,) in a field by the wayside, about a mile above the field of battle, and about two below Napoleonville. Two confederate soldiers, names unknown, were buried by his side. In the same field, not far remote, lie the brave Captains Warren, company E, and Kelleher, company K, of the Eighth New-Hampshire. The whole regiment feels deep sorrow for the l
numbers of the enemy. Vincent, who on the arrival of Weitzel was in Donaldsonville, had fallen back to the Raccourci (cut-off) in Assumption parish. There Mouton had met him and learned the war news. Hearing of the disparity of force, Mouton had receded still more while waiting for reinforcements, previously ordered up from Berwick bay and Bayou Boeuf, where they had been stationed. Reaching, in falling back, the Winn plantation, two miles above Labadieville, he found the Eighteenth and Crescent regiments, with Ralston's battery, just come in from the bay. With them came the Terrebonne militia. On October 25th the enemy were marching both sides of the bayou. To oppose the double advance, Mouton made a careful distribution of his small force. On the right bank he placed the Eighteenth regiment, 240 men; Crescent regiment, 135; Ralston's battery, 64; detachment of cavalry, 100; total, 539 men; and on the left bank, Thirty-third regiment (Clack's and Fournet's battalions), 594 m
turn the enemy's flank by getting around them. This move, while it could not prevent the heavy slaughter, lessened it considerably by distracting the enemy's attention. A peculiarity of this battle was a general agreement among the field officers that, on account of the heat, they would fight on horseback. Here, on their horses, was not only the place of honor, but an invitation to Death, ever watchful in battle, to crown the brave. The severe loss of the officers of the Eighteenth and Crescent regiments, in this assault, was owing to the terrible fire in the ravine, between the woods and the hill, of the Federal batteries. Armant, of the Eighteenth, received three wounds, the last one killing him, while the sword of defiance still gleamed in his hand. Mouton, that peerless Bayard of our fighting Creoles, found death in a way wholly worthy of the name, Sans peur et sans reproche. The Federal battery on the hill was pouring grape and canister into our ranks. It was a fearful
mers of Lafayette parish, where he was then residing. When the Eighteenth Louisiana was organized he was elected colonel and commissioned October 5, 1861. His service was entirely in the West. At the battle of Shiloh he was severely wounded while leading his men in the thickest of the fight. For conduct in this battle he was commissioned brigadier-general April 16, 1862. When he recovered he was assigned to brigade command in Louisiana, the nucleus of his force being the Eighteenth and Crescent infantry regiments and Clack's battalion. From that time until he fell in battle he was distinguished on the battlefields of Louisiana, everywhere gaining fame as a skillful and dashing leader, first in the Lafourche district, commanding forces east of the Atchafalaya, later about Berwick bay and on the Bayou Teche. General Taylor frequently bore testimony to his skill, fidelity and courage. His record was that of the command he led, the Louisiana brigade in Louisiana. In command of his
on. David L. Todd, Washington, La., assistant surgeon. Robert J. Christie, Monticello, Mo., surgeon Ponder's Missouri infantry. June, 1864, Marshall, Tex.: John H. Carroll, Lewisburg, Ark., surgeon Hill's Arkansas cavalry. Thomas E. Vick, Thibodeau, La., surgeon. John H. Blackburn, Eola, La., assistant surgeon Benton's Louisiana battery. George W. Sherman, Springfield, Ark., surgeon Witt's Tenth Arkansas infantry. July, 1864, Marshall, Tex.: James A. Jones, New Orleans, La., assistant surgeon Crescent Louisiana infantry. James W. Brown, Camden, Ark., assistant surgeon Crawford's Arkansas cavalry. August, 1864: Robert T. Gibbs, Mansfield, La., surgeon Vincent's Second Louisiana cavalry. John L. Wagley, Pleasant Hill, La., assistant surgeon. Melvin E. Williams, Mansfield, La., assistant surgeon Anderson's Texas cavalry. Edward L. Hamilton, Richmond, Ark., surgeon Tappan's brigade. Milton McD. Marcus, Homer, La., surgeon Ross' Second dismounted infantry. William A. Hardy, Alex
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 29. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Ladies' Confederate Memorial Association Listens to a masterly oration by Judge Charles E. Fenner. (search)
nd picture of her beloved brother. Mr. Allston said that he and Sergeant Sherry had fought side by side in the same company. Scarcely a month was he in the field before he gave up his life in the bloody battle of Shiloh. We were all young in years then, said Mr. Allston, and the changes that have come in thirty-seven years have made me reflect much. When that sister asked me for one who had known her brother when he fell-one who still survived — I looked over the commissioned officers of Crescent Company E, from Captain Tarleton down, and they had all passed away. Of the non-commissioned officers, Nelson, now living in Atlanta, and myself remain. We are only two, and among the privates 1 counted three—one Mauberret, one Lathrop, and one Perkins—and then I stopped. They are all gone, and it made me think that in a few years we will all be gone. Mr. Allston here read a letter from Mrs. Kate Sherry Chase, the devoted sister of Henry Sherry, in which she said that the uncertainty of<
Apl The following papers will please insert the above advertisement till 10th April, and send duplicate with copy of paper to Ordnance Office for settlement: The Richmond Enquirer, Whig and Dispatch; Lynchburg Republican; Staunton Spectator; Abingdon Virginian; Petersburg Express; Raleigh (N. C.) Register; Wilmington (N. C.) Journal; Charlotte (N. C.) Bulletin; Charleston (S. C.) Mercury and Courier; Columbia (S. C.) South Carolinian; Augusta (Ga.) Constitutionalist, Savannah (Ga.) Republican; Columbus (Ga.) Times; Atlanta (Ga.) Confederacy; Rome, (Ga.) one paper; Tallahassee (Fla.)Floridian; Huntsville, (Alabama,) one paper; Montgomery (Alabama) Advertiser and Mali; Mobile (Alabama,) Register; Tuscaloosa, (Ala.,) one paper; Knoxville (Tennessee,) Register; Memphis (Tenn) appeal; New Orleans (La) Bulletin. Picayune, Delta, Bee and Crescent; Jackson (Miss) Mississippian; Corinth, (Miss) one paper; Little Rock (Ark) Gazette; Austin (Texas) Gazette; Galveston (Texas) Herald.