One of the higher institutions of learning established in the English-American colonies; originally named King's College; afterwards Columbia College; and in 1896 Columbia University.
In 1746 an act was passed by the colonial Assembly of New York for raising £ 2,250, by lottery, for the encouragement of learning and towards the founding of a college.
The sum was increased in 1751, and intrusted to ten trustees, one of whom was a Presbyterian, two were of the Dutch Reformed Church, and seven were Episcopalians.
Rev. Samuel Johnson, of Stratford, Conn., was invited, in 1753, to become president of the proposed institution, and a royal charter constituting King's College was granted Oct. 31, 1754.
The organization was effected in May, 1755.
The persons named in the charter as governors of the college were the Archbishop of Canterbury, the principal civil officers of the colony, the principal clergymen of the five denominations of Christians in the city of