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Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, June, 1863. (search)
d-erate Generals, I am able to affirm that the relation between their Staffs and themselves, and the way the duty is carried on, is very similar to what it is in the British army. All the Generals-Johnston, Bragg, Polk, Hardee, Longstreet, and Lee — are thorough soldiers, and their Staffs are composed of gentlemen of position and education, who have now been trained into excellent and zealous Staff officers. Lawley is to live with three doctors on the Headquarter Staff: their names are Cullen, Barksdale, and Maury; they form a jolly trio, and live much more luxuriously than their generals. Major Moses tells me that his orders are to open the stores in Chambersburg by force, and seize all that is wanted for the army in a regular and official manner, giving in return its value in Confederate money on a receipt. The storekeepers have doubtless sent away their most valuable goods on the approach of the Confederate army. Much also has been already seized by Ewell, who passed thr
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 5 (search)
eyond our left by a Federal brigade did not affect us, otherwise than by the loss of some four hundred men by the two Confederate regiments that attacked it — an attack due to the fact that its existence was unknown to us, until General Early, issuing from a wood, came upon it suddenly. The army had no ambulances, and the wagons had moved on in the morning. We were compelled, therefore, to leave all the wounded unable to march. At eleven o'clock at night, when all had been cared for, Dr. Cullen, General Longstreet's chief surgeon, reported that the number was about four hundred. In the Federal reports, a victory is claimed at Williamsburg. The proofs against that claim are: That what deserves to be called fighting, ceased two hours before dark, yet the Confederates held the field until the next morning, when they resumed their march. That they fought only to protect their trains and artillery, and accomplished that object. That, although they marched but twelve miles
d plan of action and battle. Capt. E. P. Alexander, Confederate States engineer, fortunately joined my Headquarters in time to introduce the system of new field-signals which, under his skilful management, rendered me the most important service preceding and during the engagement. The medical officers serving with the regiments engaged were at their proper posts and discharged their duties with satisfactory skill and zeal; and, on one occasion at least, under an annoying fire, when Surgeon Cullen, First regiment Virginia volunteers, was obliged to remove our wounded from the hospital, which had become the special target of the enemy's rifle guns, notwithstanding it was surmounted by the usual yellow hospital flag, but which, however, I hope, for the sake of past associations, was ignorantly mistaken for a Confederate flag. The name of each individual medical officer I cannot mention. On the day of the engagement, I was attended by my personal staff, Lieutenant S. W. Ferguson,
s. One of the captains told her that if she would only go home with him, she would not be in any more war. She replied: No; I am a rebel, and I don't want to be with the Yankees. Our store was burned to the ground, and so was another one of our new houses. My two milch-cows were killed, and every one in the town; and for eight or ten miles around, all cattle and horses. Our horse was not at home. The printing-office and all the public buildings were burnt up, and Mr. Ragsdale's Hotel, Cullen's, Terrill's, and the Burton House. All the railroad is torn up, both up and down, for miles, and all the ties burned, and the iron bent and destroyed. Oh! such destruction! I do not believe that you or any one would know the place. There is not a fence in Meridian. I have not one rail left. Some of the ladies about town have but one bed left, and but one or two quilts. Mrs. McElroy (her son is colonel in the rebel army) has not one thing left, except what she and her daughter ran o
d to duty at my headquarters, at the beginning of the campaign, and were very energetic and untiring in their efforts to discover the various positions of the enemy. I desire to render my thanks to the medical staff of my command, of which Surgeon Cullen is chief, for their humane and protracted efforts in the care of the wounded. The most untiring and unremitting attention was displayed by these officers, both after the actions of the twenty-seventh and thirtieth, and I refer to the report of Chief-Surgeon Cullen for especial mention of the conduct of the subordinates. For the details of the operations of Major-General A. P. Hill's division, I respectfully refer to his official report. Early on the following day, the troops of Major-General Jackson were reported approaching the late battle-field, also Armstead's brigade, of Huger's division. The entire force was concentrated around this field about ten o'clock A. M., and Jackson's command advanced, by the commanding general
     55132252 43373373 Barksdale's Brigade       53028244 4311311 Cobb's Brigade       12642928926426846846 Lee's Artillery  15  628273  8591 Washington Artillery18 23  32 4325 23466 Wilcox's Brigade 9358  7013324157326244314  586053313,6851454,7251028624784,756481,2627,50812,233 and commanded my admiration. Lieutenant-Colonel Blunt volunteered his services to me at Boonsboroa, and was, both there and at Sharpsburg, of material service to me. The medical department, in charge of Surgeon Cullen, were active and unremitting in the care of the wounded, and have my thanks for their humane efforts. My party of couriers were zealous, active, and brave. They are justly entitled to praise for the manly fortitude and courageous conduct shown by them in the trying scenes of the campaign. The cavalry escort, commanded by Captain Doby, have my thanks for meritorious conduct and valuable aid. Captain Doby, Lieutenants Bonny and Matthieson, Sergeants Lee an
held three batteries in reserve, in the valley between the positions of Generals Pickett and Hood, and was much disappointed not to have the opportunity to use them. My staff officers, Major Sorrell, Lieutenant-Colonel Manning, Major Fairfax, Captain Latrobe, Captain Goree, and Lieutenant Blackwell, gave me their usual intelligent, willing aid. Major Haskell, Captain Young, and Captain Rodgers, volunteered their assistance, and rendered important services. My thanks are also due to Surgeon Cullen, chief surgeon; Major Mitchell, chief quartermaster; Major Moses, chief of the subsistence department, and Captain Manning, signal officer, for valuable services in their respective departments. I have the honor to be, General, Most respectfully, Your obedient servant, James Longstreet, Lieutenant-General commanding. Report of Lieutenant-General Jackson. headquarters Second corps, army of Northern Virginia, January 1863, Brigadier-General R. H. Chilton, Assistant Adjut
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Reminiscences of the Powhatan troop of cavalry in 1861. (search)
rmy expanded. We recall the glorious old First Virginia--Pat Moore, commanding, Yours truly, John Dooley Major — a great favorite with us, as was gallant Colonel Fred. Skinner, who succeeded him on old Fox, genial and belligerent Surgeon D'Orsay Cullen, of the First Virginia, now distinguished in his profession, and Dr. Ran. Barksdale, Surgeon of my squadron, now in charge of the insane hospital, and dear Dr. Maury, Assistant Surgeon, now relieved of Cullen's and Barksdale's affection and gone Cullen's and Barksdale's affection and gone to his rest — the magnificent band under Leader Smith, then Grey Latham, bad luck to him, and Wheat, of the Tigers, we knew and appreciated them — braver, more tender-hearted men never lived. Walton, of the Washington artillery; Cabell, our Quartermaster and consistent and valuable friend; Colonel George W. Lay, of the old army, and a host of other friends, our daily comrades and friends. We recall you all, our comrades, with pleasurable thought, and celebrate your memories; nor will we forget<
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General Longstreet's report of the Pennsylvania campaign. (search)
ral Pickett's division merits especial credit for the determined manner in which it assaulted the enemy's strong position upon the cemetery hill. For valuable and meritorious services on the field, I desire to express my renewed obligations to the officers of my staff, Lieutenant-Colonel Sorrel, Lieutenant-Colonel Manning, Majors Fairfax, Latrobe, Clarke and Walton, and Captains Goree, Reily and Rogers. Major Mitchell, chief quartermaster, Major Moses, chief commissary of subsistence, Surgeon Cullen, medical director, Surgeons Barksdale and Maury, and Captain Manning, signal-officer, discharged the duties of their respective departments with zeal and ability. Statements of the casualties of the campaign, embracing the killed, wounded and missing, have been already forwarded. I have the honor to be, Colonel, Very respectfully your most obedient servant, (Signed) J. Longstreet, Lieutenant-General Commanding. Tabular statement of the casualties of the First corps, army
Carolina Regiment, led by its gallant colonel, charged on the enemy's artillery and infantry. Of that charge General Early writes: This North Carolina Regiment, in conjunction with the Twenty-fourth Virginia Regiment, made an attack upon the vastly superior forces of the enemy, which for its gallantry is unsurpassed in the annals of warfare: their conduct was such as to elicit from the enemy himself the highest praise. This refers to the chivalric remark made by General Hancock to Dr. Cullen, left in charge of our wounded, viz., The Fifth North Carolina and Twenty-fourth Virginia deserve to have the word immortal inscribed on their banners. Colonel McRae, who succeeded to the command after General Early retired, states in his report that he sent to General Hill for reenforcements in order to advance, and in reply received an order to retire; that his men were holding the enemy to his shelter in such way that they were not at all suffering, but when he commenced retiring, the
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