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Programme for the year. October 16.—Social Meeting. November 20.—The Second Church and Mystic Church. Mr. Charles Cummings. December 18.—The Homes of the Puritans. Rev. T. F. Waters, President of the Ipswich Historical Society. January 15.—Benjamin Hall. Miss Helen T. Wild. February 19.—The Royall House and Farm. Mr. John H. Hooper. March 19.—Annual Meeting. April 16.—Slavery in Medford. Mr. Walter H. Cushing. May 2.—Not yet arranged. New members. (Number previously reported, 254.) Samuel N. Mayo. Mrs. H.
Slavery in Medford. by Walter H. Cushing. Slavery existed in Massachusetts almost from the first settlement of the colony, and was somewhat increased as a result of the Pequot war in 1637. The slaves in this instance were, of course, Indians. The chief source of African slaves, so far as their importation is concerned, was through trade with Barbadoes, a British island in the West Indies. Slaves purchased in Africa were sold chiefly in the West Indies and the Southern colonies; the balance came North. The mainspring of the traffic was rum; and Brooks in his History of Medford gives an extract from a captain's account-book showing balance between rum and slaves. Very few whole cargoes, however, came to Massachusetts; and only a small number of ships from Boston engaged in the African trade. In 1703 a duty of £ 4 was imposed on every negro imported. Slaves were most numerous in Massachusetts about 1745; in 1763 the ratio of whites to blacks, the latter including many fr
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 2., Dedication of memorial tablet to
( Sarah ) Bradlee . (search)