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dquarters by General Cornwallis during the War of the Revolution was used as a hospital. It was placed in charge of Mrs. John A. Dix, the wife of General Dix, then stationed at Fortress Monroe. Mrs. Dix was an enthusiastic Union woman who left her pGeneral Dix, then stationed at Fortress Monroe. Mrs. Dix was an enthusiastic Union woman who left her palatial home in New York to give her services to the suffering and wounded soldiers. The bricks of which this building was built were brought over from England. The hospital established here under the care of Mrs. Dix is said by old soldiers to haMrs. Dix was an enthusiastic Union woman who left her palatial home in New York to give her services to the suffering and wounded soldiers. The bricks of which this building was built were brought over from England. The hospital established here under the care of Mrs. Dix is said by old soldiers to have been one of the most convenient and pleasant of those established for the Union army in the early years of the war. Fortunately for the inmates it was never overcrowded. Instruments of war and mercy—the gun and the church-hospital in 1862 CMrs. Dix is said by old soldiers to have been one of the most convenient and pleasant of those established for the Union army in the early years of the war. Fortunately for the inmates it was never overcrowded. Instruments of war and mercy—the gun and the church-hospital in 1862 Cornwallis' headquarters a hospital in 1862 to convert the U into a C, leaving the S and A painted on it in some Northern city, still on duty; but these were generally taken possession of by brigade, division, or corps headquarters, leaving the regi
rs, the great principles involved being, first, an equitable exchange of prisoners, man for man, officer for officer, or officers of higher grade exchanged for officers of lower grade or for privates, according to the scale of equivalents; second, that privateers and officers and men of different services may be exchanged according to the same scale of equivalents; third, that all prisoners, of whatever arm of service, are to be exchanged or paroled in ten days from the time of their capture, if it be practicable to transfer them to their own lines in that time; if not, as soon thereafter as practicable; fourth, that no officer, soldier, or employee, in the service of either party, is to be considered as exchanged and absolved from his parole until his equivalent has actually reached the lines of his friends; fifth, that the parole forbids the performance of field, garrison, police, or guard, or constabulary duty. John A. Dix, Major-General. D. H. Hill, Major-General, C. S. Army.
rolina, was instructed on October 14, 1861 to receive all persons, whether slaves or not, and give them employment, assuring all loyal masters that Congress will provide just compensation to them for the loss of the services of the persons so employed. To others no relief was to be given. This was, by confiscation, to punish a class of citizens, in the emancipation of every slave whose owner rendered support to the Confederate States. Finally General Halleck, who succeeded Fremont, and General Dix, commanding near Fortress Monroe, issued orders not to permit slaves to come within their lines. They were speedily condemned for this action because it put a stop to the current of emancipation, which will be hereafter narrated. Reference has been made to our want of a navy, and the efforts made to supply the deficiency. The usual resort under such circumstances to privateers was, in our case, without the ordinary incentive of gain, as all foreign ports were closed against our priz
g, we would have had Richmond within a week after the junction. Court martial of General McDowell, Washington, December 10, 1862. Let us first inquire what was the size of this army so crippled for want of reenforcement, and then what the strength of that to which it was opposed. On April 30, 1862, the official report of McClellan's army gives the aggregate present for duty as 112,392; Report on the Conduct of the War, Part I, p. 322. that of June 20th —omitting the army corps of General Dix, then, as previously, stationed at Fortress Monroe, and including General McCall's division, which had recently joined, the strength of which was reported to be 9,514— gives the aggregate present for duty as 105,825, and the total, present and absent, as 156,838. Ibid., p. 337. Two statements of the strength of our army under General J. E. Johnston during the month of May—in which General McClellan testified that he was greatly in need of McDowell's corps—give the following results
n days battles—which those who know his extreme accuracy and minuteness of inquiry will be quite ready to do—and deducting from the 23,000 the casualties in the battle of Seven Pines (6,084), we have 16,916; if to this be added whatever number of absentees may have joined the army in anticipation of active operations, a number which I have no means of ascertaining, the result will be the whole increment to the army with which General Lee took the offensive against McClellan. It appears from the official returns of the Army of the Potomac that on June 20th General McClellan had present for duty 115,102 men. It is stated that McClellan reached the James River with between 85,000 and 90,000 men, and that his loss in the seven days battles was 15,249; this would make the army 105,000 strong at the commencement of the battles. Swinton's History of the Army of the Potomac. Probably General Dix's corps of 9,277 men, stationed at Fortress Monroe, is not included in this last stateme
essed of the evils which would befall the country when an army habituated to thieving should be disbanded. On the reception of copies of the orders issued by General Pope, inserted above, I addressed to General Lee, commanding our army in Virginia, the following letter: Richmond, Virginia, July 31, 1862. Sir: On the 22d of this month a cartel for a general exchange of prisoners of war was signed between Major-General D. H. Hill, in behalf of the Confederate States, and Major-General John A. Dix, in behalf of the United States. By the terms of that cartel, it is stipulated that all prisoners of war hereafter taken shall be discharged on parole until exchanged. Scarcely had that cartel been signed, when the military authorities of the United States commenced a practice changing the character of the war, from such as becomes civilized nations, into a campaign of indiscriminate robbery and murder. The general order issued by the Secretary of War of the United States,
ded throughout the United States correspondence between General Dix and governor Seymour seizure of newspapers governor orfurther to relieve the fullness of the prisons, two men, John A. Dix of the army and Edwards Pierrepont of civil life, were sational cause during the existing war. On August 8th General Dix writes again: It is my duty, as commanding officer odit was not given for the past. He therefore replied to General Dix, saying: As you state in your letter that it is yourtructions and your own views of duty. On August 18th General Dix thus wrote to the governor: Not having received an aty judges, and warrants were issued for the arrest of Major General Dix and several of his officers. They voluntarily appearesident of the United States has issued another order to General Dix, which directs him that, while this civil war lasts, he of a grandiloquent proclamation from the commanding general, Dix, telling what horrible designs, there was reason to believe,
8-91, 593-94. Capture and imprisonment, 594-97. Objects of book, 645. Mrs. Jefferson, 419. Davis Guards, 199. Dayton, —, 320. Deagan, Hugh, 201. Deane, Silas, 229. Deerhound (yacht), 216. Delaney, Michael, 201. Dibrell, General, 466. Dix, General John A., 8, 87, 134, 264, 406, 413. Correspondence with Governor Seymour concerning New York conscription, 411-12. Dixon, Captain, 20, 24. Donaldsonville, La., Battle of, 351. Donovan, Daniel, 201. Dougherty, Thomas, 200. Dowlin Pines, Battle of, 101-06, 133. Seward, William H., 220-21, 227, 244, 321, 403, 404, 406, 407, 417, 521. Extracts from letter to Francis Adams concerning cotton exports, 288-89. Seymour, Governor of New York, 413, 414. Correspondence with Gen. Dix concerning conscription, 411-12. Extract from letter concerning military usurpation of civil liberties, 421-22. Sharkey, William L., 635. Sharpsburg, Pa., Battle of, 279-80, 281-87. Shenandoah (ship), 221, 237, 593. Shepley, Gen. Geor
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
nitions of war. Confiscation bill passed the United States House of Representatives. Hanover Court-House, Va., captured by National troops.—29. Skirmish at Pocotaligo, S. C. —June 2. General Wool transferred to the Department of Maryland, and General Dix ordered to Fortress Monroe.—3. National troops landed on James Island, S. C.—4. Battle near Trentor's Creek, N. C. Skirmish on James Island, S. C.—5. Artillery battle at New Bridge, near Richmond; Confederates defeated.—6. Tax bill passed d. About 36,000 lbs. were sent to Sheridan's army in the Shenandoah Valley.— 25. An attempt was made by Confederate agents to burn the city of New York by lighting fires in rooms hired by the incendiaries in fifteen of the principal hotels. General Dix, in the morning, ordered all persons from the Confederate States to register themselves at the provost-marshal's office, and declared the incendiaries to be spies, who, if caught, would be immediately executed.—29. General Foster co-o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dix, John Adams, 1798-1879 (search)
espatches. It is now, as you state, in possession of my son, Rev. Dr. Dix, No. 27 West Twenty-fifth street, New York. It was photographed in 1863 or 1864, and you, no doubt, have the facsimile thus made. Very truly yours, John A. Dix. General Dix was appointed major-general of volunteers May 16, 1861; commander at Baltimore, and then at Fort Monroe and on the Virginia peninsula; and in September, 1862, he was placed in command of the 7th Army Corps. He was also chosen president of thee, which post he filled until 1869. He was elected governor of the State of New York in 1872, and retired to private life at the end of the term of two years, at which time he performed rare service for the good name of the State of New York. General Dix was a fine classical scholar, and translated several passages from Catullus, Virgil, and others into polished English verse. He made a most conscientious and beautiful translation of the Dies Irae;. He died in New York City, April 21, 1879.
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