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Colonel William Preston Johnston, The Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston : His Service in the Armies of the United States, the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate States. 91 1 Browse Search
James D. Porter, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 7.1, Tennessee (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 17 7 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 30. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 8 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 11. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 4 0 Browse Search
A Roster of General Officers , Heads of Departments, Senators, Representatives , Military Organizations, &c., &c., in Confederate Service during the War between the States. (ed. Charles C. Jones, Jr. Late Lieut. Colonel of Artillery, C. S. A.) 4 0 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 10: The Armies and the Leaders. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 4 0 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3. 4 2 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 3. (ed. Frank Moore) 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: January 16, 1862., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events, Diary from December 17, 1860 - April 30, 1864 (ed. Frank Moore) 1 1 Browse Search
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development was the natural outgrowth of habits and beliefs cherished as a cadet. A single letter, written him in 1827, by Polk, who was still a cadet, remains. It is that of one intimate friend to another, on topics personal or pertaining to the Academy. Robert Anderson, afterward famous for his defense of Fort Sumter, was another close friend at West Point. Some of their correspondence yet remains. Among his friends at the Military Academy were William Bickley, his townsman, Daniel S. Donelson, of Tennessee, afterward a gallant general in the Confederate service; Berrien, of Georgia; the veteran Maynadier; Bradford, a grandson of the first printer in Kentucky; W. H. C. Bartlett, already mentioned; and Lucien Bibb, the son of Hon. George M. Bibb, and a noble, graceful man of genius. His most intimate friend was Bennett H. Henderson, some time assistant professor at West Point, a man of brilliant talents, who resigned and began the practice of the law in St. Louis, but met
nd suitable sites for them, and sent General Daniel S. Donelson, a West Point graduate, and a man ofng, to select proper situations. He reported Donelson as the strongest position on the Cumberland ner within the jurisdiction of the State. General Donelson wished to build a fort in Kentucky, on bee line along the Cumberland from Nashville to Donelson and thence to Henry, which might prove not onter is ten feet higher than it is now. Though Donelson is unfortunately located on the river, it cermands. The same relief was sent to Henry and Donelson, and men and artillery were also drawn from C numbering 386, was transferred from Henry to Donelson, leaving 2,647 at the former and 2,342 at the overwhelm the enemy. Move by Clarksville to Donelson, and across to Danville, Tennessee River rting dispatches by courier from Fort Henry to Donelson, and a further delay thence to the nearest tered a regiment, just armed, from Nashville to Donelson, and on the 6th Colonel Smith's regiment from
overwhelming forces on both Bowling Green and Donelson. Still, if the line of the Cumberland could be maintained from Nashville to Donelson for even a few weeks, General Johnston hoped that the awakeon, took his measures on the supposition that Donelson was no longer tenable, and already virtually ille, and take the remainder, if possible, to Donelson to-night. Take all the ammunition that can b by public indignation for the fatal issue of Donelson, he published a letter written by him on the with a mere show of resistance. The loss of Donelson involved the surrender of the whole Cumberlanit at 17,000, thus: Garrisons of Henry and Donelson5,000 Floyd's and Buckner's command8,000 Pilarning that the Confederates were reinforcing Donelson, hurried their preparations for attack; and, loaded with troops, which accompanied them to Donelson. Federal writers place this force at 10,000 ences to the Federal arms of the surrender of Donelson. The material results were great; but, great[7 more...]
ed without an effort to save it. At Henry and Donelson? The same result would have ensued, for therpt as the gateway of the Tennessee River; nor Donelson, save as an outpost of Nashville. While in striking distance of both Bowling Green and Donelson, which were alike threatened. Floyd was at Dn of the attack on Henry and the surrender of Donelson. He meant to defend Nashville at Donelson, iton told him that if he should lose Henry and Donelson, he should fall back to the line of the Cumbe a time, but the multitudes of fugitives from Donelson who came pouring in soon overtaxed the efforthe 16th, General Johnston sums up the fate of Donelson: At 2 A. M. to-day Fort Donelson surrendered.escribes the announcement of the surrender of Donelson: General Johnston's headquarters were ined by another messenger with dispatches from Donelson. I lighted a candle, and at the general's ren giving coherence to the routed fugitives of Donelson. His duty was, besides, to save from the wre
lonels Mackall and Gilmer, deemed it impossible. Johnston persevered. He collected Crittenden and the relics of his command, with stragglers and fugitives from Donelson, and moved through Shelbyville and Fayetteville on Decatur. Halting at those points, he saved his provisions and stores, removed his depots and machine-shops, o about 17,000 men) at Murfreesboro. The nucleus was the force that had been posted near Bowling Green, to which was added Crittenden's command and the debris of Donelson. The army was reorganized in three divisions under Hardee, Crittenden, and Pillow respectively; with a reserve brigade under Breckinridge, and the Texas Rangerstened. The discouragement was spreading, and I ordered the command to Murfreesboro, where I managed, by assembling Crittenden's division, and the fugitives from Donelson, to collect an army able to offer battle. The weather was inclement, the floods excessive, and the bridges were washed away; but most of the stores and provisio
e knew he was numerically stronger than his adversary. His numbers and his equipment were superior to those of his antagonist, and the discipline and morale of Map. his army ought to have been so. The only infantry of the Confederate army which had ever seen a combat were some of Polk's men, who were at Belmont; Hindman's brigade, which was in the skirmish at Woodsonville; and the fugitives of Mill Spring. In the Federal army were the soldiers who had fought at Belmont, Fort Henry, and Donelson- 30,000 of the last. There were many raw troops on both sides. Some of the Confederates received their arms for the first time that week. Unless these things were so, and unless Grant's army was, in whole or in part, an army of invasion, intended for the offensive, of course it was out of place on that south bank. But Sherman has distinctly asserted that it was in prosecution of an offensive movement, and hence this occupation of the south bank was a necessary preliminary to the adva
the fall in training. at Pensacola; Ruggles's reinforcement, detached from Lovell at New Orleans; and Chalmers's and Walker's commands, as stated. To these were added such new levies as the Governors had in rendezvous, who in this emergency were sent to the front, even without arms, and a few regiments which were raised in response to General Beauregard's call. It will be remembered that General Johnston's plan of concentration at Corinth, long contemplated, had taken shape as soon as Donelson fell. On February 21st Mackall, adjutant-general, telegraphed to General Pillow, who was at Columbia, that General Johnston's retreat will be toward Shelbyville. On the same day orders were given to send Cleburne's regiment to Decatur. On February 24th General Johnston telegraphed President Davis: My movement has been delayed by a storm on the 22th, washing away pike and railroad-bridge at this place. Floyd, 2,500 strong, will march for Chattanooga to-morrow, to defend. This a
that heralded across the Aegean the victory of Plataea to the combatants of Mycale. Known facts, inference and imagination, often construct in an army an hypothesis not to be neglected. Possibly upon some such basis General Prentiss acted in throwing to the front ten companies, under Colonel Moore, to watch the approaches to his position. But it is perfectly evident that Grant and Sherman considered themselves above such idle fears. The vulgar apprehension did not touch the victor of Donelson. It never reached either Grant or Sherman. Indeed, the latter, with bitter innuendo, points to it as proof of cowardice in certain officers with whom he was at variance. He swears in his evidence on Worthington's trial. Sherman's historical raid, by Boynton, p. 29. Therefore, on Friday, two days before the battle, when Colonel Worthington was so apprehensive, I knew there was no hostile party in six miles, Hardee was not more than two miles distant. though there was reason to e
n said to the ambitious Hindman, who had been in the vanguard from the beginning: You have earned your spurs as major-general. Let this day's work win them. Men of Arkansas! he exclaimed to a regiment from that State, they say you boast of your prowess with the bowie-knife. To-day you wield a nobler weapon — the bayonet. Employ it well. It was with such words, as he rode from point to point, that he raised a spirit in that host which swept away the serried lines of the conquerors of Donelson. As he looked around on his soldiers he might well feel more like the chieftain who leads his clansmen to battle than the mere general of an army. Everywhere he beheld men bound to him by ties of ancient friendship or of service on other fields. There was Polk, his life-long friend; Hardee, for the last six years his major, for the last six months his right arm in war; Breckinridge, bound to him by many ties and marked out by him for the highest military distinctions; and Gilmer, his
He met us with his usual cordiality, but stated that, in consequence of very pressing matters, he would be unable to give us his personal attention, and must, for once, refer us to his adjutant-general; but that we must not feel slighted, and lie would always be glad to see us hereafter with the same freedom. The consideration of his manner and remarks amid the engrossing occupation of preparing that great movement to Shiloh, upon which he depended so much to retrieve the disasters of Donelson and Nashville, prove how thorough a gentleman he was, and how kindly was his heart. He bade us good-morning with a friendly grasp of the hand, and we never spoke to him again. That mighty struggle at Shiloh came on. We saw him once in the dread carnage, flashing across the field, the incarnation of the splendid warrior. He always rode large and magnificent horses. His favorite steed was a gray; and when he, was mounted upon the noble animal he was the beau-ideal of a general. His fi
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