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-ernor, who built his house in 1631, on the site which is now the northwest corner of South and Dunster streets, and his son-in-law, Simon Bradstreet, who built upon the Boylston Street corner of Harle Square on the west. By 1635, the streets now called Mount Auburn, Winthrop, South, Holyoke, Dunster, and Boylston had come into existence within these limits. The northern frontier street, upon by Marsh Lane, afterwards called Eliot Street. On the north side of Braintree Street, opposite Dunster, and thence eastward about as far as opposite the site of Linden, stood a row of six houses, anows Lot. Another topic for the Puritan ale-house would be the damnable heresy for which Mr. Henry Dunster, President of Harvard College, was censured by the magistrates and dismissed from office in 1655. This shameless Dunster had publicly denounced the practice of infant baptism as unscriptural. In spite of august synods, in spite of the vigilancy of Mr. Shepard and other learned parsons,
Andrew Boardman, Esquires. This wall was removed some forty years since, and a wooden fence built, which in turn was taken away, and in 1893 the present substantial iron fence erected on Massachusetts Avenue, Garden Street, and the northerly boundary. This God's Acre, as it is often called, contains the dust of many of the most eminent persons in Massachusetts: the early ministers of the town, Shepard, Mitchel, Oakes, Appleton, Hilliard, and others; early presidents of Harvard College, Dunster, Chauncy, Willard; the first settlers and proprietors, Simon Stone, Deacon Gregory Stone, Roger Harlakenden, John Bridge, Stephen Daye, Elijah Corlett; and, later, the Lees, the Danas, Allstons, and Wares. It is much to be regretted that so many graves remain unmarked, and equally so that the names of tenants of many costly tombs are unknown by the very imperfect registration, or want of registration, in the town records. Some tombs of once prominent families, who have become extinct, wer
The Cambridge of eighteen hundred and ninety-six: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation (ed. Arthur Gilman), Harvard University in its relations to the city of Cambridge. (search)
familiar to the imagination of thousands of persons who never saw them its river, marshes, and bridges. It adds to the interest of living in any place that famous authors have walked in its streets, and loved its highways and byways, and written of its elms, willows, and chestnuts, its robins and herons. The very names of Cambridge streets remind the dwellers in it of the biographies of Sparks, the sermons of Walker, the law-books of Story, the orations of Everett, and the presidencies of Dunster, Chauncy, Willard, Kirkland, and Quincy. Cambridge is associated in the minds of thousands of Americans with scientific achievements of lasting worth. Here lived Dr. Benjamin Waterhouse, the first Hersey professor of physic, who introduced the kine-pox into America, and John Winthrop, Hollis professor of natural philosophy from 1738 to 1779, one of the very earliest students of the phenomena of earthquakes, the friend and correspondent of Benjamin Franklin, and the man whose lectures Benj
e young men was graduated in 1642. In the work of fitting boys for Harvard, Cambridge would naturally have had an early and prominent share. It chimes in with this theory of an earlier school that Mr. Corlett, when we first hear of him in 1643, was already in the possession of an established reputation as a teacher; he had very well approved himself for his abilities, dexterity and painfulnesse. His schoolhouse— the first one especially built for him in 1648, not by the town, but by President Dunster and Edward Goffe—was on the westerly side of Holyoke Street, between Harvard and Mount Auburn streets. At one time there were in his lattin schoole five Indian youths fitting for college. In 1642 the General Court made it the duty of Cambridge as of other towns to insist that parents and masters should properly educate their children, and to fine them if they neglected to do so. In 1647 the Court ordered the towns to appoint teachers for the children, whose wages should be paid eith
ennial Catalogue of the college, at the head of the list for 1647, stands Jonathan Mitchel, A. M.: Fellow. In that year, 1650, the second meeting-house was built on Watchhouse Hill. A very sad event in this pastorate was the declaration of Henry Dunster, president of the college, of his new views regarding the baptism of children. This led to a bitter controversy, which ended in Dunster's resignation of his office and his removal from Cambridge. But he asked that his burial might be in CamDunster's resignation of his office and his removal from Cambridge. But he asked that his burial might be in Cambridge, and so it was. By a singular error, the slab which bears the record of his virtues has been for many years over Mitchel's grave. Another incident in this pastorate was the setting off of the people of Cambridge Village, on the south side of the river, and more than four miles from the meeting-house, that they might have separate services. This was strongly objected to, but at last, in 1664, a new church was organized, and it has had a good history as the First Church in Newton. Rev.
ed on the passage, and the press was set up in January, 1639, in the house of the first president of Harvard College, Henry Dunster. This president was a man with an eye to the main chance, and he secured possession of the press by marrying the widt, and this press also fell into the hands of the president of the college, and the Indians are still unconverted. President Dunster also seemed to have great political influence, for he had a law passed that all the printing executed in the coloniricts, mainly in Lancaster, Mass. In my judgment Mr. Daye was not in any sense the first printer. The first printer was Dunster. Although he did not set up type (it is not quite certain that Stephen Daye himself did), he was the controlling power of the press, and so far as a man who marries a printing press, and has control of it, can be called a printer, Dunster was that printer. After Mr. Daye left the press, which was very soon after new relations had been established, a man by the name
on the college, 235; the Cambridge Platform framed, 235; second meeting-house built, 236; President Dunster's heresy, 236; ministers, 236; the third meetinghouse, 236; fourth meeting-house, 236, 238 Daye, Stephen, sets up the first printingpress, 8; works printed by, 8; all employee of President Dunster, 333; not a successful printer, 333; becomes a real-estate agent, 333. Death-rate, 131,titute Fund, 320. Dowse, Thomas, library of, 41. Dudley, Thomas, site of his house, 2. Dunster, Henry, president of Harvard College, 12, 332; denounces infant baptism, 12,236; and Edward Gofs, excluded from early schools, 189, 190. God's Acre, 5, 16, 134. Goffe, Edward, and President Dunster, build the first schoolhouse, 188. Goffe, William, 11. Gookin, Rev. Nathaniel, 236. , 316. School Committee, 402. Schoolhouse, the first permanent, 10; site, 10; built by President Dunster and Edward Goffe, 188. Schoolmaster's salary in 1680, 10. Schools in 1800, 33; in 18