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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Antietam, battle of. (search)
constantly increasing numbers on his front; and the National line began to waver, when Hooker, in the van, was wounded and taken from the field. Sumner sent Sedgwick to the support of Crawford, and Gordon and Richardson and French bore down upon the Confederates more to the left. The Nationals now held position at the Dunker Church, and seemed about to grasp the palm of victory (for Jackson and Hood were falling hack), when fresh Confederate troops, under McLaws and Walker, supported by Early, came up. They penetrated the National line and drove it back, when the unflinching Doubleday gave them such a storm of artillery that they, in turn, fell back to their original position. Sedgwick, twice wounded, was carried from the field, and the command of his division devolved on Gen. O. O. Howard. Generals Crawford and Dana were also wounded. Franklin was sent over to assist the hard-pressed Nationals. Forming on Howard's left, he sent Slocum with his division towards the centre. At
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cedar Creek, battle of. (search)
ar in the hands of the Confederates. Emory tried in vain to stop the fugitives, but very soon his own corps gave way, leaving several guns behind. These, with Crook's, eighteen in all, were turned upon the fugitives with fearful effect, while Early's right column, led by Gordon, continued their flanking advance View at Cedar Creek battle-ground. with vigor, turning the Nationals out of every position where they attempted to make a stand. Seeing the peril of his army, Wright ordered a gvered by the 6th Corps, under the command of Ricketts, which remained unbroken. The whole army retreated to Middletown, a little village 5 miles north of Strasburg, where Wright rallied his broken columns, and, falling back a mile or more, left Early in possession of Middletown. The Nationals had lost since daybreak (it was now ten o'clock) 1,200 men made captive, besides a large number killed and wounded; also camp equipage, lines of defence, and twenty-four cannon. There being a lull in t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cedar Mountain, battle of (search)
ments of the Confederates were so mysterious that it was difficult to guess where they intended to strike. On the morning of Aug. 9, Pope sent General Banks forward with about 8,000 men to join Crawford near Cedar Mountain, 8 miles southward of Culpeper Court-house, and Sigel was ordered to advance from Sperryville at the same time to the support of Banks. Jackson had now gained the commanding heights of Cedar Mountain, and he sent forward General Ewell under the thick mask of the forest. Early's brigade of that division was thrown upon the Culpeper road. The Confederates planted batteries, and opened fire upon Crawford's batteries. Before Crawford and Banks were about 20,000 veteran soldiers in line of battle. Against these Banks moved towards evening, and almost simultaneously fell upon Jackson's right and left. The attacking force was composed of the division of General Auger (the advance led by General Geary) and the division of General Williams, of which Crawford's brigad
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chancellorsville, battle of (search)
whole National army became engaged in the battle, at different points. excepting the troops under Meade and Reynolds. Couch fell back towards the Rappahannock, and, at noon, Hooker, having recovered, resumed chief command. Lee's army was now united, but Hooker's was divided. Sedgwick had seriously menaced Lee's flank, but had not joined Hooker. After a hard conflict and the loss of 1,000 men, Sedgwick had captured the Confederate works on the heights back of Fredericksburg, and sent Early, their defender, flying southward with his shattered columns. Intelligence of these events made Lee extremely cautious. Sedgwick, leaving Gibbon in command at Fredericksburg, marched for Chancellorsville, when Lee was compelled to divide his army to meet this new peril. He sent McLaws with four brigades to meet Sedgwick. At Salem church they had a sanguinary conflict. The Confederates won, and the losses of Sedgwick, added to those sustained in the morning, amounted to about 5,000 men.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
ed Confederate salt-kettles destroyed at St. Andrew's Bay, Fla.—28. Battle at Fair Garden, Tenn.; Confederates defeated.— Feb. 1. The President ordered a draft, on March 10, for 500,000 men, for three years or the war.—4. Colonel Mulligan drove Early out of Moorefield, W. Va. —13. Governor Bramlette, of Kentucky, proclaims protection to slaves from claims by Confederate owners.—22. Michael Hahn elected governor of Louisiana by the loyal vote. Moseby defeats Union cavalry at Drainesville.—23nd himself captured at Moorefield, W. Va., by Lieutenant-Colonel Whittaker, who marched over mountains and across streams filled with floating ice—140 miles in forty-eight hours—with 300 picked cavalry for the purpose.—6. A number of soldiers in Early's army send a petition to Jefferson Davis to stop the war.—7. The Confederate Senate rejected the plan to raise 200,000 negro soldiers. Of 500 Confederate prisoners at Camp Chase, Ohio, ordered for exchange, 260 voted to remain pri
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Early, Jubal Anderson, 1816-1894 (search)
Early, Jubal Anderson, 1816-1894 Military officer; born in Franklin county, Va., Nov. 3, 1816; graduated from West Point in 1837, and served in the Florida war the same year. In 1838 he resigned his commission and studied law. In 1847 he served as a major-general of volunteers during the war with Mexico. He was appointed colonel in the Confederate service at the outbreak of the Civil War. He lost but two battles—one at Gettysburg, Jubal A. Early. when he commanded a division of Lee's arth Mexico. He was appointed colonel in the Confederate service at the outbreak of the Civil War. He lost but two battles—one at Gettysburg, Jubal A. Early. when he commanded a division of Lee's army, and the second at Cedar Creek, where Sheridan arrived in time to rally his men after his famous ride. In 1888 he published a book giving the history of the last year of the Civil War, during which time he was in command of the Army of the Shenandoah. He died in Lynchburg, Va.., March 2, 1
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Monocacy, battle of (search)
Monocacy, battle of On July 5, 1864, Gen. Lewis Wallace (q. v.), in command of the Middle Department, with his headquarters at Baltimore, received information that Gen. Jubal A. Early (q. v.), with 15,000 or 20,000 Confederates, who had invaded Maryland, was marching on Baltimore. Already General Grant had been informed of the invasion, and had sent General Wright, with the 6th Corps, to protect the capital. Gen. E. B. Tyler was at Frederick with about 1,000 troops, and Wallace gathered there, on the 6th, all the available troops in his department that could be spared from the duties of watching the railways leading into Baltimore from the North. He sent Colonel Clendennin to search for positive information with 400 men and a section of artillery, and at Middletown he encountered 1,000 Confederates under Bradley Johnson, a Marylander, who pushed him steadily back towards Frederick. There was a sharp fight near Frederick that day (July 7, 1864), and, at 6 P. M. Gilpin's regim
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Virginia, (search)
2 Eppa Hunton, of Warrenton, under executive appointment, May 28, qualifies as United States Senator......June 1, 1892 Convention of Southern governors meet at Richmond in the interest of the South......April 12, 1893 Remains of Jefferson Davis, brought from New Orleans, buried in Hollywood cemetery, Richmond......May 31, 1893 Monument to Confederate dead unveiled at Portsmouth......June 15, 1893 Riot at Roanoke, eighteen killed, twenty-seven wounded......Sept. 20, 1893 Jubal A. Early, Confederate general, dies at Lynchburg......March 2, 1894 Monument at Fredericksburg, erected to the memory of the mother of Washington, unveiled......May 10, 1894 University of Virginia partly destroyed by fire......Oct. 27, 1895 Confederate States' Museum at Richmond dedicated......Feb. 22, 1896 Monument to Confederate dead unveiled at Charlottesville......June 7, 1897 Winnie Davis, the Daughter of the Confederacy, dies at Narraganset Pier......Sept. 18, 1898 The Di
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Virginia, (search)
ts had been made for the service of auxiliary or co-operating troops in western Virginia, before the Army of the Potomac started for Richmond in May, 1864. In that region Confederate cavalry. guerilla bands, and bushwhackers had been mischievously active for some time. Moseby was an active marauder there, and, as early as January (1864), Gen. Fitzhugh Lee (q. v.), with his mounted men, had made a fruitless raid on the Baltimore and Ohio Railway west of Cumberland. A little later Gen. Jubal A. Early, in command of the Confederates in the Shenandoah Valley, sent a foraging expedition under Rosser in the same direction, who was more successful, capturing 1,200 cattle and 500 sheep at one place, and a company of Union soldiers at another. General Averill struck him near Romney After Appomattox. and drove him entirely out of the new commonwealth (see State of West Virginia), with the loss of his prisoners and a large proportion of his own men and horses. General Sigel was put at