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William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 2 (search)
and hence he had stationed his brigades at these several fords—the brigades of Ewell and Holmes, at Union Mills Ford, forming his right; the brigades of Jones and Early, at McLean's Ford; the brigades of Longstreet and Jackson, at Blackburn's Ford; and Bonham's brigade, at Mitchell's Ford. Other commands were in reserve and betwetions against the Federal forces opposite and prevent their going to re-enforce Mc-Dowell's right, the reserves, consisting of Holmes' two regiments and a battery, Early's brigade, and two of Bonham's regiments and a battery, were immediately ordered up to support the Confederate left flank, now so seriously imperilled. Jackson, wnot yield the field. A fresh effort was even made to extend the right so as to envelop the Confederate left. While this movement was in execution, the brigade of Early, the rear of the army of the Shenandoah, reached the field from Manassas Junction, and coming in on the Union right flank (exposed and badly placed), The enemy's
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 4 (search)
ther himself nor any of his officers was even aware of the existence of these redoubts on the extreme left of the Confederate position,—the line of works having been prepared long before under General Magruder. The first intimation he had of their existence was when Hill brought him report that the enemy was in occupation of an unknown redoubt on the left, and asked permission to drive him off. Johnston told him to do so, but to act with caution. Accordingly, Hill detached troops under General Early, who led the unsuccessful attack afterwards made on Hancock. Hancock had thus seized, proved to be a very important one, having a crest and natural glacis on either side, and entirely commanding the plain between it and Fort Magruder. He had in fact debouched on the flank and rear of the Confederate line of defence. On reconnoitring what lay beyond, there were found to be two more redoubts between the position and the fort. These seemed to be occupied by at least some force. Hancock
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, V. Pope's campaign in Northern Virginia. August, 1862. (search)
is there. fore not likely to be over-colored. Whilst the Federal attack upon Early was in progress, says Jackson, the main body of the Federal infantry moved down by these movements exposed to a flank fire, fell back, as did also the left of Early's line. General W. B. Taliaferro's division (Jackson's old division) becoming scended the Rappahannock by the south bank, and crossed the head of his column (Early's brigade) at Sulphur or Warrenton Springs on the 22d August. But that day a severe storm rendered the river impassable, and Early was compelled to recross the Rappahannock, which he did the following night on an improvised bridge. While thesfederate re-enforcements, of which Kearney speaks, consisted of the brigades of Early and Lawton. (See Report of General A. P. Hill: Reports of the Army of Northern Virginia, vol. II., p. 125.) General Early says, in his report: My brigade and the Eighth Louisiana advanced upon the enemy through a field, and drove him from the
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 6 (search)
that attended the march through Maryland, that Jackson's old (Stonewall) division numbered but one thousand six hundred men. General J. R. Jones, who commanded this division at Antietam, says of it: The division was reduced to the numbers of a small brigade, and, at the beginning of the fight, numbered not over one thousand six hundred men.—Reports of the Army of Northern Virginia, vol. II., pp. 222,223. Of the number of the three brigades of Ewell's division holding the advanced line, General Early, who, at a subse quent part of the day, came into command of it, reports as follows: Lawton's brigade, one thousand one hundred and fifty; Hayes' brigade, five hundred and fifty; Walker's brigade, seven hundred. This would make a total for the two divisions of four thousand men—the number above given. After an hour's bloody bushwhacking, Hooker's troops succeeded in clearing the hither woods of the three Confederate brigades, which retired in disorder across the open fields, with a loss
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 7 (search)
tire Confederate army in position. Early on the morning of the 13th, Ewell's division under General Early, and the division of D. H. Hill, arrived after a severe night's march from their respective evealed, the brigade poured a withering fire into the faces of Meade's men; and, at that moment, Early's division—one of the two divisions of Jackson's second line—swept forward at the double-quick, e field. The pursuit was so close that they came within fifty yards of my guns. I think it was Early's division, etc.—Testimony of General Birney: Report on the Conduct of the War, vol. i., p. 705h this account. See Hill's Report: Reports of the Army of Northern Virginia, vol. II., p. 462; Early's Report: Ibid., p. 469. Birney's statement, regarding the pursuing colump being that of Early, Early, is curiously corroborated by the official report of the latter, in which he states that his division was compelled to fall back from the pursuit by a large column on its right flank, which proved to <
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 8 (search)
rsville, p. 7. One division and one brigade—the division of Early and the brigade of Barksdale—were intrusted with the duty o the defence of Fredericksburg, General Lee had left behind Early's division of four brigades and Barksdale's brigade of McLaon as Sedgwick's movement was disclosed, on Sunday morning, Early sent Hays' brigade to re-enforce Barksdale. As it had requagainst the extreme right, which was easily repulsed by General Early.—Lee: Report of Chancellorsville, p. 11. Gibbon's divisgton Artillery, with its guns, were captured.—Report of General Early, p. 34. The Sixth Maine, of the light brigade under Colnt a force sufficient, in conjunction with the troops under Early, to check or destroy Sedgwick. Wilcox's brigade, which hadf Chancellorsville, p. 12. These, with the five brigades of Early, who was in position to place himself on Sedgwick's rear, hd. This was now not lessened but rather increased, for General Early on Monday morning retook the heights of Fredericksbur
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 9 (search)
r and the Potomac, while with the divisions of Early and Johnson he advanced directly upon that Fedrd, sending Rodes' division to Carlisle, while Early's division, moving to the east side of the Sou, a fresh division of Ewell's corps, under General Early, arrived from the direction of York and ton seen. It required but a slight pressure for Early to throw back the right division, under Barlowey became entangled with the disordered mass.. Early, launching forward, captured above five thousad Pender of Hill's corps, and the divisions of Early and Rodes of Ewell's corps. As it has been sepowerful infantry attack with the divisions of Early and Johnson—the former on Cemetery Hill, the latter on Culp's Hill. As Early's columns defiled from the town, they came under the fire of Stevencted Rodes' division to attack in concert with Early, covering his right. When the time came to at in position, was unprepared to cooperate with Early.—Lee's Report, Ms. But Ewell's efforts did
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 10 (search)
which swept the plain on the southern bank. Birney's loss was trivial. While the left column was thus passing at Kelly's Ford, the right wing was forcing a crossing against more formidable obstacles. The Confederates occupied a series of works on the north bank of the river at Rappahannock Station, which had been built some time before by the Union troops, and consisted of a fort, two redoubts, and several lines of rifle-trenches. These works were held by two thousand men belonging to Early's division of Ewell's corps. Commanding positions to the rear of the fort having been gained, heavy batteries were planted thereon, and a fierce cannonade opened between the opposing forces. Just before dark, a storming party was formed of Russell's and Upton's brigades of the Sixth Corps, and the works were carried by a very brilliant coup de main. Over fifteen hundred prisoners, four guns, and eight standards were here taken. Sedgwick's loss was about three hundred in killed and wounded
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 12 (search)
ted of a body of twelve thousand men under General Early. Following the beaten track of invasion, med the march, and on the morning of the 11th, Early's van reined up before the fortifications covecting heavier damage on the enemy. That night Early withdrew his force and retired across the Potoed Grant to provide a sufficient force to meet Early by the detachment of a single corps, the loss siderable a measure of success that even after Early had retired to the Valley of the Shenandoah, hndoah Valley. But after once or twice driving Early southward to Strasburg, he each time returned ar of the infantry of the Sixth. This enabled Early to hurry his force southward from Bunker Hill er and the North Mountain. On these obstacles Early rested his flank. In front of this position let Torbert into Newmarket twelve hours before Early could have gotten back there with his army. Tc. 9,§ 166. On the withdrawal of Sheridan, Early, after a brief respite, and being re-enforced [22 more...]
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 13 (search)
superb column of ten thousand sabres, he little recked of any enemy he was likely to encounter. Early, indeed, still hovered about the Valley that had been so fatal to him; but what of force remained with him was but the shreds and patches of an army, numbering, perhaps, twenty-five hundred men. Foiling by his rapid advance an attempt to destroy the bridge over the Middle Fork of the Shenandoah at Mount Crawford, Sheridan entered Staunton the 2d of March and then moved to Waynesboro, where Early had taken position to dispute the debouche of the Blue Ridge. Charging upon this scratch of an army without taking the trouble of making a reconnoissance even, Sheridan broke it in pieces, capturing two-thirds of it, with most of its artillery trains and colors. Then, defiling by the passes of the Blue Ridge, he struck Charlottesville, where he remained two days, destroying the railroad towards Richmond and Lynchburg, including the two large bridges over the north and south forks of the Ri
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