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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 45 1 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 32. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 10 0 Browse Search
Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government 8 0 Browse Search
Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865 4 0 Browse Search
C. Edwards Lester, Life and public services of Charles Sumner: Born Jan. 6, 1811. Died March 11, 1874. 4 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 4 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 13. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: June 20, 1861., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
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rotracted discussion. The first of these resolutions, as amended before a vote was taken, was in these words: Resolved, That it is the opinion of this committee that a national Government ought to be established, consisting of a supreme legislative, executive, and judiciary. This was followed by other resolutions—twenty-three in all, as adopted and reported by the committee—in which the word national occurred twenty-six times. The day after the report of the committee was made, Ellsworth of Connecticut moved to strike out the words national Government in the resolution above quoted, and to insert the words Government of the United States, which he said was the proper title. He wished also the plan to go forth as an amendment of the Articles of Confederation. See Elliott's Debates, Vol. V, p. 214. This reference is taken from The Republic of Republics, Part III, Chapter VII, p. 217. This learned, exhaustive, and admirable work, which contains a wealth of historical an
sovereignties. Ibid., Vol. II, p. 443. Gouverneur Morris, who was, as well as Wilson, one of the warmest advocates in the convention of a strong central government, spoke of the Constitution as a compact, and of the parties to it as each enjoying sovereign power. See Life of Gouverneur Morris, Vol. III, p. 193. Roger Sherman of Connecticut declared that the government was instituted by a number of sovereign States. See Writings of John Adams, Vol. VII, letter of Roger Sherman. Oliver Ellsworth of the same state spoke of the states as sovereign bodies. See Elliott's Debates, Vol. II, p. 197. These were all eminent members of the convention which formed the Constitution. There was scarcely a statesman of that period who did not leave on record expressions of the same sort. But why multiply citations? It is very evident that the men of those days entertained very different views of sovereignty from those set forth by the new lights of our day. Far from considering it a
supposed practicability of using force against the unconstitutional proceedings of the States, would prove as visionary and fallacious as the government of Congress. Ibid., p. 822. Every proposition looking in any way to the same or a similar object was promptly rejected by the convention. George Mason of Virginia said of such a proposition: Will not the citizens of the invaded State assist one another, until they rise as one man and shake off the Union altogether? Ibid., p. 914. Oliver Ellsworth, in the ratifying convention of Connecticut, said: This Constitution does not attempt to coerce sovereign bodies, States, in their political capacity. No coercion is applicable to such bodies but that of an armed force. If we should attempt to execute the laws of the Union by sending an armed force against a delinquent State, it would involve the good and bad, the innocent and guilty, in the same calamity. Elliott's Debates, Vol. II, p. 199. Hamilton, in the convention of New
32, 33-34, 38, 39-40, 45, 58, 59, 177, 178. Nominated for president, 43, 44. Resolution regarding forts, 242-43, 250. Drayton, —, 430. Dred Scott case. Decision of Supreme Court, 70-71. E Early, Gen. Jubal A., 305, 306, 330. Extracts from narrative of Bull Run, 322-28. Extracts on retreat from Centreville, 401. Elgin, Col., Gustavus, 369. Ellis, Gov. of North Carolina. Reply to U. S. call for troops, 355. Restoration of forts to U. S. government, 355. Ellsworth, Oliver, 84, 123. Opposition to armed force against states, 150-51. Elzy, General, 305,328. Evans, Gen. N. S., 376, 377. Everett, Edward, 44, 101, 108, 111, 112, 125, 145. Extracts from address, July 4, 1861, 100-01, 110. Ewell, General, 323. F Fairfax Court House. Conference between Davis and generals and correspondence thereon, 383-91. Featherston, Colonel, 376. Federal Constitution (See Constitution Federal). Federal party (See Whig party). Fes
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bull Run, battles of. (search)
d's, Franklin's, Wilcox's, and Sherman's — with the batteries of Ricketts, Griffin, and Arnold, and cavalry under Major Palmer, advanced to turn the Confederate left, while Keyes's brigade was sent to annoy them on their right. General Heintzelman accompanied McDowell as his lieutenant in the field, and his division began the attack. Ricketts and Griffin advanced with their troops, and planted their batteries on an elevation that commanded the whole plateau, with the immediate support of Ellsworth's Fire Zouaves, commanded by Colonel Farnham. To the left of these batteries, New York, Massachusetts, and Minnesota troops took a position. As the artillery and the Zouaves were advancing, they were suddenly attacked on the flank by Alabamians in ambush, and then by Stuart's Black Horse Cavalry in the rear, and the Zouaves recoiled. At that moment Heintzelman ordered up a Minnesota regiment to support the batteries, when the Confederates in overwhelming force delivered a fire on these
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Connecticut (search)
to 1873 Charles R. Ingersoll 1873 to 1876 R. D. Hubbard 1876 to 1879 Charles B. Andrews 1879 to 1881 H. B. Bigelow 1881 to 1883 Thomas M. Waller 1883 to 1885 Henry B. Harrison 1885 to 1887 Phineas C. Lounsbury 1887 to 1889 Morgan G. Bulkeley 1889 to 1891 to 1891 to 1893 Luzon B. Morris1893 to 1895 O Vincent Coffin 1895 to 1897 Lorrin A. Cooke 1897 to 1899 George E. Lounsbury 1899 to 1901 George P. McLean 1901 to 1903 United States Senators. Name.No. of Congress.Date. Oliver Ellsworth 1st to 4th1789 to 1797 William S. Johnson 1st1789 to 1791 Roger Sherman 2d1791 to 1793 Stephen Nix Mitchell 3d1793 to 1795 James Hillhouse 4th to 11th1796 to 1811 Jonathan Trumbull4th1795 to 1796 Uriah Tracy 4th to 9th1796 to 1807 Chauncey Goodrich 10th to 12th1807 to 1813 Samuel W. Dana 11th to 16th1810 to 1821 David Daggett 13th to 15th1813 to 1819 James Lanman16th to 18th1819 to 1825 Elijah Boardman17th1821 to 1823 Henry W. Edwards 18th to 19th1823 to 1827 Calvin Willey
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Custom-house, (search)
artford, New Haven, New London, Stonington. Delaware—Wilmington. District of Columbia—Georgetown. Florida—Appalachicola, Cedar Keys, Fernandina, Jacksonville, Key West, Pensacola, St. Augustine, Tampa. Georgia—Atlanta, Brunswick, St. Mary's, Savannah. Illinois—Chicago, Galena. Indiana—Evansville, Indianapolis, Michigan City. Iowa—Burlington. Dubuque. Kentucky—Louisville, Paducah. Loulsiana—Brashear, New Orleans. Maine—Bangor, Bath, Belfast, Castine, Eastport, Ellsworth, Houlton, Kennebunk, Machias, Portland, Saco, Waldoborough, Wiscasset, York. Maryland—Annanolis, Baltimore. Crisfield. Massachusetts—Barnstable, Boston, Edgarton, Fall River, Gloucester, Marblehead, Nantucket, New Bedford, Newburyport, Plymouth. Salem. Michigan—Detroit, Grand Haven, Grand Rapids. Marquette, Port Huron. Minnesota—Duluth, St. Paul. Mississippi—Natchez, Shieldsborough, Vicksburg. Missouri—Kansas City, St. Joseph, St. Louis. Mo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Depew, Chauncey Mitchell, 1834- (search)
vernment, which had hitherto been the invariable practice and almost universal opinion, and for the adoption of the idea of the nation and its supremacy. Towering in majesty and influence above them all stood Washington, their President. Beside him was the venerable Franklin, who, though eighty-one years of age, brought to the deliberations of the convention the unimpaired vigor and resources of the wisest brain, the most hopeful philosophy, and the largest experience of the times. Oliver Ellsworth, afterwards chief-justice of the United States, and the profoundest juror in the country; Robert Morris, the wonderful financier of the Revolution, and Gouverneur Morris, the most versatile genius of his period; Roger Sherman, one of the most eminent of the signers of the Declaration of Independence; and John Rutledge, Rufus King, Elbridge Gerry, Edmund Randolph, and the Pinckneys, were leaders of unequalled patriotism, courage, ability, and learning; while Alexander Hamilton and James
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ellsworth, Oliver, 1745-1807 (search)
Ellsworth, Oliver, 1745-1807 Ll.D., jurist; born in Windsor, Conn., April 29, 1745; Oliver Ellsworth. graduated at the College of New Jersey in 1766; was admitted to the bar in 1771; practised in Hartford, Conn.; and was made State attorney. When the Revolutionary War was kindling he took the side of the patriots in the leOliver Ellsworth. graduated at the College of New Jersey in 1766; was admitted to the bar in 1771; practised in Hartford, Conn.; and was made State attorney. When the Revolutionary War was kindling he took the side of the patriots in the legislature of Connecticut, and was a delegate in Congress from 1777 to 1780. He became a member of the State council, and in 1784 was appointed a judge of the Supreme Court. Judge Ellsworth was one of the framers of the national Constitution, but, being called away before the adjournment of the convention, his name was not attacheJudge Ellsworth was one of the framers of the national Constitution, but, being called away before the adjournment of the convention, his name was not attached to that instrument. He was the first United States Senator from Connecticut (1789-95), and drew up the bill for organizing the Judiciary Department. In 1796 he was made chief-justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, and at the close of 1799 he was one of the envoys to France. He died in Windsor, Nov. 26, 1807.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Federal convention, the. (search)
ost prominent were Hamilton, Madison, and Edmund Randolph. then the successor of Patrick Henry as governor of Virginia. The members who took the leading part in the debates were Gerry, Gorham, and King, of Massachusetts; Johnson, Sherman, and Ellsworth, of Connecticut; Hamilton and Lansing, of New York; Paterson, of New Jersey; Wilson, Gouverneur Morris, and Franklin, of Pennsylvania; Dickinson, of Delaware: Martin, of Maryland; Williamson, of North Carolina; and Charles Cotesworth Pinckney anvention: From New Hampshire—John Langdon, John Pickering, Nicholas Gilman, and Benjamin West; Massachusetts—Francis Dana, Elbridge Gerry, Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King, and Caleb Strong; Connecticut—William Samuel Johnson, Roger Sherman, and Oliver Ellsworth; New York—Robert Yates, John Lansing, Jr., and Alexander Hamilton; New Jersey— David Brearley, William Churchill Hous- Signatures to the Constitution. Signatures to the Constitution. Signatures to the Constitution. ton, William P
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