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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 32. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The causes of the war [from the Sunday News, Charleston, S. C., November 28, 1897.] (search)
armed with some power of self-defence? That means the right to secede. In the same debate Mr. Ellsworth said: He turned his eyes, therefore, for the preservation of his rights to the State governments. Mr. Ellsworth and Mr. Sherman unite in saying: The powers vested in Congress go only to matters respecting the common interests of the Union and are specially defined, so that the particular States retain their sovereignty in other matters. Oliver Ellsworth further said: The Constitution does not attempt to coerce sovereign bodies—States in their political capacity. Alexander Hamilton,both before and after the promulgation of the above resolutions by Virginia aud Kentucky. Mr. Ellsworth and Mr. Sherman write: Some additional powers are vested in Congress, which was the principa other matters. Dr. Johnson further says: This excludes the idea of an armed force. And Oliver Ellsworth, of Connecticut, endorses this statement: The Constitution does not attempt to coerce sover
early annihilated," All the large States advocated a national government, and the weaker States, opposed it and favored a federal government. Mr. Pinckney, of South Carolina, offered a resolution to call the new government the "United States of America," but it was voted down, and Mr. Randolph's resolutions in favor of a national government were adopted and referred to a committee of details to form a constitution for a national government.-- Patterson, of New Jersey, Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut, advocated striking out national and inserting federal. It was ultimately done, and to them we were indebted for the late Federal Union.--The nationalists proposed to annihilate the rights of the States, as incompatible with a national government. The advocates of a federal government, on the contrary, were for preserving State sovereignty, independence and equality, and their plan, the Federal Constitution, was finally adopted in committee, reported back, and carried in
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