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Cambridge sketches (ed. Estelle M. H. Merrill), Historic churches and homes of Cambridge. (search)
sovereigns. These pieces were used there up to 1772, when Thomas Hutchinson became governor. He was given the crown communion plate and the pulpit furniture to distribute. The new set of plate went to King's Chapel, and the old was divided between a church at Newburyport and Christ Church here. There are three pieces here, flagon, chalice and paten. On the under side of each is written, The gift of K William and Q Mary to ye Rev'd Samuel Myles for ye use of their Maj'ities Chapell in N. England-1694. Mr. Batchelder, who gives these facts about the service, adds also that it is used only on especial occasions. There is another silver service and one of gold (the Foote memorial). The silver basin given by Mrs. Grizzel Apthorp is used as the chief alms basin. A silver service given in 1791 by Mrs. Bethune, (laughter of Benjamin Faneuil, is used for communion-alms. The original parchment parish-register dating back to 1759 is preserved by the church. Between Christ Church and
Peter Martyr, the historian of the ocean, of that great voyage which was undertaken by the authority of the most wise prince Henry the Seventh, and made known to England a country much larger than Christendom. Thus the year 1498 stands singularly famous in the annals of the sea. In May, Vasco de Gama reached Hindostan by way ond the English courts derided a title, founded, not upon occupancy, but upon the award of a Roman pontiff. The next years of the illustrious mariner, from whom England derived a claim to our shores, are involved in obscurity; but he soon conciliated regard by the placid mildness of his character, and those who Chap. I.} 1498. spared so few memorials of his career. Himself incapable of jealousy, he did not escape detraction. Peter Martyr, d. III. l. VI.; in Eden, fol. 125. He gave England a continent, Chap. I.} 1553 and no one knows his burial-place. It was after long solicitations, that Columbus had obtained the opportunity of discovery. Upon
, anti, sailing for Spain, sold the poor innocents into slavery. It is singular how good is educed from evil: one of the number, escaping from captivity, made his way to London, and, in 1619, was restored to his own country, where he subsequently became an interpreted for English emigrants. Smith's Description of New England, 47. Smith's Generall Historie, II. 176. Morton's Memorial, 55, and Davis on Morton. Prince, 132. Mourt's Relation, in i. M. H. Coll. VIII. 238. Plantation of N. England, in II. Mass. Hist. Coll. IX. 6, 7. Encouraged by commercial success, Smith next 1615. endeavored, in the employment of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, and of friends in London, members of the Plymouth company, to establish a colony. Sixteen men Williamson's Maine, i. 212 The learned and very valuable historian of Maine confounds this design of Smith to found a colony with his previous voyage for trade and discovery. were all whom the adventurers destined for the occupation of New England
ook for the last time on their native country, not as the scene of sufferings from intolerance, but as the home of their fathers, and the dwelling place of their friends. They did not say, Farewell, Babylon! farewell, Rome! but Farewell, dear England! On the voyage they constantly served God, morning and evening, by reading and expounding a chapter in the bible, singing and prayer. On the sabbath they added preaching twice, and catechising; and twice they faithfully kept solemn fasts. Thebear. The warning was heeded, and Roger Williams quietly withdrew to Plymouth. The government was still more careful to protect the privileges of the colony against episcopal and malignant practices, of which a warning had been received from England. For that purpose, at the general court convened in May, after the corn was set, an oath of fidelity was offered to the freemen, binding them to be obedient and conformable to the laws and constitutions of this commonwealth, to ad- Chap. IX.}
a corporation within the realm, subject to English laws.—Plantations, replied the court, are above the rank of an ordinary corporation; they have been esteemed other than towns, yea, than many cities. Colonies are the foundations of great commonwealths. It is the fruit of pride and folly to despise the day of small things. To the parliament of England the legislature remonstrated with the noblest frankness against any assertion of the paramount authority of that body. An order from England, say they, is prejudicial Dec. to our chartered liberties, and to our well-being in this remote part of the world. Times may be changed; for all things here below are subject to vanity, and other princes or parliaments may arise. Let not succeeding generations have cause to lament and say, England sent our fathers forth with happy liberties, which they enjoyed many years, notwithstanding all the enmity and opposition of the prelacy, and other potent adversaries, and yet these liber
laims of affection having been acknowledged, the colony proceeded to assert its rights by a solemn decree, the first in their new code; No act, imposition, law, or ordinance, shall be valid, unless made by the assembly and approved by the people. Thus did New Hampshire seize the earliest moment of its separate existence, to express the great principle of self-government, and take her place by the side of Massachusetts and Virginia. When the code of the infant government was transmitted to England, it was disapproved both for style and matter; and its provisions were rejected as incongruous and absurd. Nor was Mason successful in establishing his claims to the soil. The colonial government protected the colonists, and restrained his exactions. Hastening to England to solicit a change, the proprietary was allowed to make such arrangement as promised auspicious results to his own interests. The scenes that occurred are instructive. Mason, a party in suits to be commenced, was au
ginia, or Carolina, Thurloe, II. 273, 274. Hening, i. 552. the early name, which had been retained in the days of Charles I. and of Cromwell, and which was renewed under Charles II., Compare Carolina, by T. A 1682, p. 3. continued to be encouraged by similar giants. Clayborne, Hening, i. 377. the early trader in Maryland, 1652 still cherished a fondness for discovery; and the sons of Governor Yeardley Thurloe, II. 273, 274. Letter of Francis Yeardley to John Farrar. wrote to England with exultation, that the northern country of Carolina had been explored by Virginians born. We are not left to conjecture, who of the inhabit- Chap. XIII.} ants of Nansemund of that day first traversed the intervening forests and came upon the rivers that flow into Albemarle Sound. The company was led by Roger Green, and his services were rewarded by the 1653. July. grant of a thousand acres, while ten thousand acres were offered to any hundred persons who would plant on the banks of
ed? Hening rashly ventures the conjecture, ii. 374. Yet in 1680, Hening, ii. 460, his death is called infamous and exemplary; and, in 1677, Hening, ii. 374, it is called just, and most exemplary. In Hening, ii. 426, in a subsequent order from England, all waies order from England, all waies of force and designe are sanctioned. An old poet in the Burwell Account, p. 58, writes— Virginia's foes, dreading their just desert, Corrupted Death by Paracelsian art Him to destroy. And a royalist,England, all waies of force and designe are sanctioned. An old poet in the Burwell Account, p. 58, writes— Virginia's foes, dreading their just desert, Corrupted Death by Paracelsian art Him to destroy. And a royalist, in reply, p. 59, does not hesitate to write— Then how can it be counted for a sin, Though Death, nay, though myself had bribed been, To guide the fatal shaft? We honor all, That lend a hand unto a traitor's fall. and on the first day of October he died. Seldom has a political leader Chap. XIV.} 1676 been more honored by his friends Who is there now, said they, to plead our cause? His eloquence could animate the coldest hearts; his pen and sword alike compelled the admiration of his fo<
he chiefs of the Five Nations as witnesses and arbitrators, and having around them the director and council of New Netherland, with the whole commonalty of the Dutch, set their marks to a solemn Chap. XV.} 1645 Sept. 6. treaty of peace. The contemporary authorities are abundant. I. The Albany Records, vol. II. contain Kieft's statement. Compare other places, as x. 139, XXIV. 55. II. The views of the Indians are given in De Vries. Compare too R. Williams in Knowles, 275. III. The N. England statements, in Winthrop, II. 96, 97, 136. Gorton, 59. Hubbard, 441, and 365. The traditionary account of the battle on Strickland Plain, preserved by Trumbull, i. 161, and repeated, but not confirmed, by Wood, p. 74, cannot be quite accurate; at least as to time. Memory is an easy dupe, and tradition a careless storyteller. An account, to be of highest value, must be written immediately at the time of the event The eyewitness, the earwitness often persuades memory into a belief of inv
Hampshire and Rhode Island, with Providence, each six thousand; Connecticut, from seventeen to twenty thousand; that is, all New England, seventy-five thousand souls; Neal, II. 601. Sir Wm. Petty, 75, says 150,000. Brattle says, in 1708, in N. England, from 100 to 120,000. This is right, and corresponds with other data. In the account for N. E. for 1688, I have confidence. Neal blunders about Boston, which, m 1790, had not 20,000, much less in 1720. The statements in the text are made bye knew the right method to hasten the coming revolution. Truth, he asserted with wisest benevolence, truth shines more brightly the more widely it is diffused; and, catching the plebeian language that lived on the lips of the multitude, he gave England the Bible in the vulgar tongue. A timely death could alone place him beyond persecution; his bones were disinterred and burnt, and his ashes thrown on the waters of the Avon. But his fame brightens as time advances; when America traces the lin
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