: so few, indeed, that I learned them nearly all by heart; then, for want of anything better, I read over the entire code of the State of Florida.
Several times in after years I found it necessary, in order to save time, to repeat to great lawyers the exact words of the Constitution of the United States; but their habit was much the better.
It is seldom wise to burden the memory with those things which you have only to open a book to find out. I recollect well the answer once made by William M. Evarts, then attorney-general of the United States, to my inquiry whether he would give me, offhand, the law on a certain point, to save the time requisite for a formal application and answer in writing.
He said if it was a question of statute law he would have to examine the books, but if only a question of common law he could make that as well as anybody.
But I had nothing better to do for a time in Florida, and when I got out I did not find my memory half so much overloaded with law as
General Grant's special powers
his appointment as Secretary of War ad interim
the impeachment of President Johnson
memorandum of interviews with William M. Evarts and General Grant in regard to the secretaryship of War
failure of the impeachment trial
harmony in the War Department
a New policy at army headquarters. ed, constituted the only vital issue involved in the impeachment trial.
The following memorandum, made by me at the time, and now published with the consent of Mr. Evarts, explains the circumstances under which I became Secretary of War in 1868, and the connection of that event with the termination of the impeachment trial:
In compliance with a written request from Mr. W. M. Evarts, dated Tuesday, April 21, 1868, 2 P. M., I called upon that gentleman in his room at Willard's Hotel, Washington, a few minutes before three o'clock P. M. of the same day.
Mr. Evarts introduced conversation by saying something about the appr
predecessors in command of the army, Scott and Sherman had given up the contest, Sheridan had been quickly put hors de combat, while Grant alone had won the fight, and that after a long contest, involving several issues, in which a Secretary of War was finally removed from office with the consent of his own personal and political friends, a President was impeached and escaped removal from office by only one vote, and the country was brought to the verge of another civil war. As I had helped Evarts, Seward, and some others whose names I never knew, to pour oil on the troubled waters in the time of Grant and Stanton, and to get everybody into the humor to respond heartily to that great aspiration, Let us have peace, I thought perhaps I might do something in the same direction in later years.
Be that as it might, I had no desire to try again what so many others had failed to accomplish, but thought it better to make an experiment with a less ambitious plan of my own, which I had worked
d at Resaca, 141; foreboding of death, 141
Eugenie, Empress, S. presented to, 392
Europe, the modern wars of, 357; S.'s visits to, 384-393, 449-453
Evarts, William M., U. S. Attorney-General, 22; interviews and relations with S. concerning the War Department, 413 et seq., 478
Everglades, the, Fla., the Seminoles in, 23titutional Convention, 400, 402; nullifies the worst features of the Virginia Constitution, 402-404; resigns the War portfolio, 405; interviews and relations with Evarts concerning the War Department, 413 et seq., 478; interviews and relations with Grant concerning the War Department, 414 et seq.; views on the removal of Stanton, f living expenses at, 538; Gen. Scott removes his headquarters to New York from, 406; Sherman removes his headquarters to St. Louis from, 406; interviews between Evarts and S. at, 413-418; meeting of Miles and S. at, 494
Washington State, obstruction of rail-roads in, 512
Washington University, S. accepts professorship of p