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those of the Virginia and Patrick Henry to man the three guns mounted on the hill above-when the iron-clads opened fire. Their cannonade was terrific. It cut through the trees and landed the missiles a mile inland. The roar of the heavy guns, pent and echoed between the high banks, was like continuous thunder, lit by lurid flashes as they belched out 13-inch Shrapnel and scattered ounce balls like hail among the steadfast gunners on the bluff. But the terrible plunging fire of Captain Farrand's sea-dogs damaged the plating of the armored vessels and kept the wooden ones out of range; while the galling sharp-shooting of Taylor Wood's men, on the banks below, cleared their decks and silenced their guns. Once more the wager of battle was decided for the South; and the ironclads retired badly damaged. This result was most cheering; but, unlike the early success of the war, it was received with a solemn, wordless thankfulness. Then, when the imminent danger was passed, the
ns and opportunity. And this opinion was to be strengthened, from time to time, by the brilliant flashes of naval daring that came to illumine some of the darkest hours of the war. Who does not remember that defense of Drewry's Bluff when Eben Farrand had only three gunboat crews and three hastily mounted guns, with which to drive back the heavy fleet that knew Richmond city lay helpless at its mercy? And those desperate, yet brilliant fights off New Orleans, against every odds of metalhe noble achievements of the ship under naval guidance; that, if destroyed by naval men, she was the offspring of naval genius. With no discussion of facts, the cry against the navy went on, even after that splendid defense of Drewry's Bluff by Farrand, which alone saved Richmond! As a pioneer, the Virginia was a great success and fully demonstrated the theory of her projector. But there were many points about her open to grave objections; and she was, as a whole, far inferior to the smal
ng upon her iron surface. At eleven o'clock A. M., one of the Patrick Henry's eight-inch solid shot passed into her bow port; immediately the smoke rushed out of her own ports, showing, evidently, that she was on fire. We gave her three hearty cheers as she slipped her cables and moved down the river. Our pickets heard her captain say to one of the other gunboats that she was in a sinking condition. Our sharp-shooters did good service, picking off every man who showed himself. There is no doubt we struck them a hard blow. The last that was seen of them they were steaming down the river. Every officer and man performed their duties with coolness and determination, and it would be doing injustice to many if I should mention or particularize any. Capt. Drury and his company fought their guns with great effect. casualties.--Seven killed, among them Midshipman Carroll, and eight wounded. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, Eben Farrand, C. S.N., Commanding Post.
ccupied his exalted positions. On the next day, I attended the joint-session of the two committees above named. These committees were composed, as was to have been expected, of some of the best men of the Congress. Conrad, Crawford, Curry, and the brilliant young Bartow of Georgia were present, among others whose names I do not now recall. But few naval officers of any rank had as yet withdrawn from the old service; Rousseau, Tattnall, Ingraham, and Randolph were all the captains; and Farrand, Brent, Semmes, and Hartstone were all the commanders. Of these there were present before the committees, besides myself, Rousseau, Ingraham, and Randolph; Major Wm. H. Chase, late of the engineers of the Federal Army, was also present. Randolph commanded the Navy Yard at Pensacola, and Chase the military defences. We discussed the military and naval resources of the country, and devised such means of defence as were within our reach—which were not many—to enable us to meet the most pres
y opposition, until they reached Drury's Bluff. Here the river had been obstructed, and a Confederate earth-work erected. The earth-work was commanded by Captain Eben Farrand, of the Confederate States Navy, who had some sailors and marines under him. The Federal fleet having approached within 600 yards, opened fire upon the fort, which it kept up for the space of three hours. It was so roughly handled, however, by Farrand and his sailors, that at the end of that time, it was obliged to retire, with several of its vessels seriously damaged. No further attempt was made during the war, to reach Richmond by means of iron-clads; the dose which Farrand had giFarrand had given them was quite sufficient. But the greatest of all the triumphs which crowned the Confederate arms during this year of 1862, were the celebrated campaigns of Stonewall Jackson, in the Shenandoah Valley, and the seven days fighting before Richmond. I will barely string these events, as I pass along. Banks, Fremont, and Shi
Fast Riding. --Assistant Provost Marshal George W. Alexander rode through on Friday last, with Captain Farrand's dispatches about the fight at Drury's Bluff, in forty-five minutes. This is the first time that the Yankee gunboats have been thoroughly whipped by shore batteries, and in this instance it was done under the direction of naval officers. Lieutenant James H. Rochelle, who worked gun No. 2 so gallantly, has since been placed in command of one of our gunboats. Up to Monday at noon the enemy had made no new attempt on the integrity of the river obstructions. Of course our men are not idle in the meantime, and the enemy, when he next shows himself, will meet with an even warmer reception than at first.
lantly loading his regiment in charge. None of our battery was hurt. We captured four prisoners, fifty horses, and a lot of arms, ammunition, and stores. Onslow. Official report of the engagement at Drury's Bluff The following is Captain Farrand's official report of the action last week at Drury's Bluff: Drury's Bluff, May 15, 1862. Hon. S. R. Mellory, Secretary of the Navy: Sir: The enemy came up the river at half-past 6 A. M., the Galena ahead, the Monitor and a smalstice to many if I should mention or particularize any. Capt. Drury and his men fought their guns with great effect. Casualties--Seven killed, among them Midshipman Carroll, and eight wounded. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, Eben Farrand, C. S. N., Commanding Post. The Capital of Louisiana. Our latest intelligence from Baton Rouge, La., is contained in the New Orleans Picayunes of May 1st. The Northern papers have claimed that the place was occupied by the Federals
d, June 24, 1862. A Naval General Court Martial is hereby ordered to convene at the city of Richmond, Virginia, on the 5th day of July, 1862, or as soon thereafter as practicable, for the trial of Flag-Officer Josiah Tatnall, and of such other persons as may be legally brought before it. The Court will be composed of the following officers, any five of whom are empowered to act, viz: Captain Lawrence Rousseau, Captain Franklin Buchanan, Captain Sydney S. Lee, Commander Robert G. Robb, Commander Murray Mason, Commander Eben Farrand, Commander A. B. Fairfax, Commander M. F. Maury, Commander Geo. Minor, Lieutenant Wm. L. Maury, Lieutenant Robert B. Pegram; and Robert Ould is hereby appointed the Judge Advocate. The above being the greatest number of officers that can be convened without manifest injury to the service. S. R. Mallory, Secretary of the Navy, The Court will meet at 12 o'clock M., at the Navy Department. je 26--tJy5th.
consideration. Also, the petitions from various Southern religious organizations asking exemptions in certain cases, from which the committee was also discharged. Mr. Sparrow also reported from the Military Committee a bill providing for the extension of the Conscript age to forty-five, which was ordered to be printed, and made the special order for 12½ o'clk on Thursday. Mr. Brown, of Miss., from the Committee on Naval Affairs, reported a joint resolution of thanks to Commander Eben Farrand, and the officers and men under his command, for gallant services in repulsing the enemy's gunboats at Drury's Bluff, on the 15th of May last Adopted. The following message, with accompanying dispatches, from President Davis, was received and read by the Clerk: To the Senate and House of Representatives of the Confederate States I have the gratification of presenting to Congress two dispatches from Gen. Robt. E. Lee, commanding the army of Northern Virginia, communica
misunderstanding had occurred between the Speaker and himself upon a point in delate, and he was happy to say that the matter had been reconciled to his entire satisfaction, and the most friendly relations had been restored. The Speaker, responded most cordially to the remarks of the gentleman from Virginia. Their former relations had been restored to full, entire, and complete existence. The chair laid before the House a joint resolution of the Senate, tendering thanks to Commander Eben Farrand, and the officers and men under his command, for their successful defence at Drury's Bluff against the iron clad steamers of the enemy, May 15th, 1862. Referred to Naval Committee.--Also, Senate bill to make provision-for coins for the Confederate States. Referred. Also, a bill to amend the act to provide further for the public defence, approved April 16th, 1862. Laid on the table. Mr. Gartrell, of Ga. offered a resolution that the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads be in