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Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 45: an antislavery policy.—the Trent case.—Theories of reconstruction.—confiscation.—the session of 1861-1862. (search)
ted States, including proceedings for confiscation, April 3. Works, vol. VI. pp. 442-444; May 12 and June 28, vol. VI. pp. 502, 503; July 3, 7, and 15, vol. VII. pp. 152-161. and as carriers of mails. March 18, 1862. Works, vol. VI. p. 385-388. In these efforts he encountered unexpected resistance from Republican senators and representatives, sometimes on the ground that his motions were likely to defeat a beneficial measure,—for instance, from Hale and Clark of New Hampshire and Foster of Connecticut as to the removal of the former disability, and from Colfax in the House as to the removal of the latter. He secured the enfranchisement of colored people as witnesses in the District of Columbia by an amendment to the supplementary bill abolishing slavery in the District; and he had only to wait for their full competency being established in all national courts. He called attention by resolution to the exclusion of colored persons from the benefit of the patent laws; but no
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 49: letters to Europe.—test oath in the senate.—final repeal of the fugitive-slave act.—abolition of the coastwise slave-trade.—Freedmen's Bureau.—equal rights of the colored people as witnesses and passengers.—equal pay of colored troops.—first struggle for suffrage of the colored people.—thirteenth amendment of the constitution.— French spoliation claims.—taxation of national banks.— differences with Fessenden.—Civil service Reform.—Lincoln's re-election.—parting with friends.—1863-1864. (search)
ered not only Democratic opposition, led by Buckalew, Hendricks, and Reverdy Johnson, but also resistance from a number of Republican senators, led by Sherman and Foster, who sought to save the statute of 1793. Sherman's amendment, excluding this early statute from repeal,—legislation which in his view was constitutional and presg. The repeal of both Acts was then consummated by a vote of twenty-seven to twelve. The nays were mostly Democrats; but among Republicans, Collamer, Doolittle, Foster, and Sherman withheld their votes. President Lincoln signed the bill on the 28th. Full notes to Sumner's Works (vol. VIII. pp. 403-406, 415-418) state the fiecurring. At the next session, Jan. 17, 1865, Sumner moved his amendment to an Act incorporating another company, and Democratic senators alone voted against it. Foster and Sherman now joined him, and Grimes and Trumbull did not vote. A few days later he carried a general provision, forbidding exclusions on account of color on t
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 51: reconstruction under Johnson's policy.—the fourteenth amendment to the constitution.—defeat of equal suffrage for the District of Columbia, and for Colorado, Nebraska, and Tennessee.—fundamental conditions.— proposed trial of Jefferson Davis.—the neutrality acts. —Stockton's claim as a senator.—tributes to public men. —consolidation of the statutes.—excessive labor.— address on Johnson's Policy.—his mother's death.—his marriage.—1865-1866. (search)
did it matter to him, a principle being at stake, that there were only ninety colored persons already in the Territory; it would be all the same if there were but one. The debate went on at intervals; and meantime, after it began, Edmunds of Vermont took his seat for the first time as senator, and made his first considerable speech against the bill. As he finished, Sumner thanked him for his noble utterance. The amendment imposing the conditions received only seven votes—those of Edmunds, Foster, Grimes, Howe, Morgan, Poland, and Sumner. Wendell Phillips wrote to Mrs. Child as to Sumner's failure to obtain support from his colleague in this instance: How superbly Sumner does! How foolish Wilson, with such a leader at hand, to go so absurdly astray! New England Magazine, February, 1892, p. 734. The bill passed—Sumner and five other Republicans and some Democrats voting against it. An amendment moved by E. B. Washburne in the House, requiring the people of Colorado as a condit