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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 20 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bemis's Heights, battles of. (search)
range of hills that were touched by the American left, and upon these hills General Fraser and Lieutenant-Colonel Breyman, with grenadiers and infantry, were posted. ted. There they fought desperately for a while. Arnold was pressed back, when Fraser, by a quick movement, called up some German troops from the British centre to milton, and the redoubts near the river with Brigadier-General Gall. Phillips, Fraser, and Riedesel were with Burgoyne. Canadian rangers, loyalists, and Indians werunder Philips and Riedesel, and the right of infantry under Earl Balcarras. General Fraser, with 500 picked men, was in advance of the British right, ready to fall upf the field remained with the Americans. Meanwhile Colonel Morgan had assailed Fraser's flanking corps so furiously that they were driven back to their lines. There now general. Arnold and Morgan were the ruling spirits on the American side. Fraser was the soul that directed the most potent energies of the British. One of Mor
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fraser, Simon 1729- (search)
Fraser, Simon 1729- Military officer; born in Scotland, in 1729; served with distinction in Germany, and was appointed a brigadier-general in the British army by Governor Carleton, Sept. 6, 1776. He gained a victory over the Americans at Hubbardton in July, 1777, and was shot by one of Morgan's riflemen in the first battle on Bemis's Heights, Sept. 19, 1777, and died on Oct. 7, following.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hubbardton, battle at. (search)
Hubbardton, battle at. Generals Fraser and Riedesel, with British and German troops, began a pursuit of the Americans as soon as their flight from Ticonderoga was discovered. They overtook their rear-guard, about 1,200 strong, July 7, 1777, at Hubbardton, Vt. The main body of St. Clair's army had marched towards Castleton, leaving the rear-guard, under Col. Seth Warner, to gather up stragglers. While waiting their arrival, Warner was struck by the van of the pursuers, and a sharp engagement took place. Colonel Francis, of New Hampshire, was killed. The Americans were dispersed, and fled, excepting 200 who were made prisoners. The pursuers lost almost as many in killed and wounded, and soon gave up the chase. St. Clair, with about 200 men, made his way through the woods to Fort Edward. The Americans also lost 120 in killed and wounded. The British captured about 200 stand of arms.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ticonderoga, operations at (search)
men, and children, who were sent to Hartford. Two days afterwards Col. Seth Warner made an easy conquest of Crown Point. In June, 1777, with about 7,000 men, Lieutenant-General Burgoyne left St. Ruins of Fort Ticonderoga. Johns, on the Sorel, in vessels, and moved up Lake Champlain. His army was composed of British and German regulars, Canadians and Indians. The Gemans were led by Maj.-Gen. Baron de Riedesel, and Burgoyne's chief lieutenants were Major-General Phillips and Brigadier-General Fraser. The invading army (a part of it on land) reached Crown Point, June 26, and menaced Ticonderoga, where General St. Clair was in command. The garrison there, and at Mount Independence opposite, did not number in the aggregate more than 3,500 men, and not more than one in ten had a bayonet; while the invaders numbered between 8,000 and 9,000, including a reinforcement of Indians, Tories, and a splendid train of artillery. There were strong outposts around Ticonderoga, but St. Clair
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Vermont, (search)
England......Sept. 25, 1775 Convention of the New Hampshire grants at Dorset; fifty-six delegates from thirty-three towns, to form a separate State......Sept. 25, 1776 Convention at Westminster declares Vermont a separate, free, and independent jurisdiction or State, as New Connecticut, ......Jan. 17, 1777 Convention at Windsor names the State Vermont, adopts a constitution, and appoints a provisional council of safety for the State......July 2-8, 1777 British troops under Generals Fraser and Riedesel disperse the rear guard of St. Clair's army under Colonels Francis and Warner at Hubbardton......July 7, 1777 Council of Vermont appoints commissioners of sequestration to seize the property of all persons in the State who had repaired to the enemy ......July 28, 1777 Battle of Bennington; General Burgoyne sends about 1,000 German troops under Colonels Baume and Breyman to seize provisions at Bennington; they are routed by Americans under General Stark......Aug. 16, 1