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and supply such deficiencies as the conditions of the war demand; but it is not intended to suspend the ordinary tribunals of the country, where law will be administered by civil officers in the usual manner, and with their customary authority, while the same can be peaceably administered. The commanding General will labor vigilantly for the public welfare, and, by his efforts for their safety, hopes to obtain not only acquiescence, but the active support of the people of the country. J. C. Fremont, Major-General Commanding. Opinions of the press. martial law in Missouri.--We have watched with much interest the development and expression of public opinion in Missouri with regard to the important step taken by Major-Gen. Fremont in declaring martial law throughout that State. We say public opinion in Missouri, for it is only those who are the witnesses and victims of the calamities that have occasioned this proclamation who are entitled to speak intelligently upon its merits
Doc. 24. Jeff. Thompson's proclamation. Headquarters First Military District, M. S. G., camp Hunter, Sept. 2, 1861. To all whom it may concern: Whereas, Major-General John C. Fremont, commanding the minions of Abraham Lincoln, in the State of Missouri, has seen fit to declare martial law throughout the whole State, and has threatened to shoot any citizen soldier found in arms within certain limits; also to confiscate the property and free the negroes belonging to the members of the Missouri State Guards; therefore, know ye that I, M. Jeff. Thompson, Brigadier-General of the First Military District of Missouri, having not only the military authority of Brigadier-General, but certain police powers, granted by Acting Governor Thomas C. Reynolds, and confirmed afterward by Governor Jackson, do most solemnly promise that, for every member of the Missouri State Guard or soldier of our allies, the armies of the Confederate States, who shall be put to death in pursuance of the said
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 3. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 33. capture of Lexington, Missouri. (search)
having cut off Mulligan's supply of water and reinforcements, four thousand strong, under General Sturgis. By capture of the ferry-boats, he had no means of crossing the river in time. Lane's force from the southwest, and Davis' force from the southeast, upward of eleven thousand in all, could not get there in time. I am taking the field myself, and hope to destroy the enemy, either before or after the junction of the forces under McCulloch. Please notify the President immediately. J. C. Fremont, Major-General Commanding. Price's official report. Headquarters M. S. G., Camp Wallace, Lexington, Sept. 23, 1861. To the Hon. Claiborne F. Jackson, Governor of the State of Missouri: I have the honor to submit to your Excellency the following report of the actions which terminated on the 20th instant with the surrender of the United States forces and property at this place to the army under my command: After chastising the marauding armies of Lane and Montgomery, and dri
Doc. 43. President Lincoln's letter. Washington, D. C., Sept. 11, 1861. Major General John C. Fremont: Sir: Yours of the 8th, in answer to mine of the 2d instant, was just received. Assured that you, upon the ground, could better judge of the necessities of your position than I could at this distance, on seeing your proclamation of August 30, I perceived no general objection to it; the particular clause, however, in relation to the confiscation of property and the liberation of slaves appeared to me to be objectionable in its nonconformity to the act of Congress, passed the 6th of last August, upon. the same subjects, and hence I wrote you expressing my wish that that clause should be modified accordingly. Your answer just received expresses the preference on your part that I should make an open order for the modification, which I very cheerfully do. It is therefore ordered that the said clause of said proclamation be so modified, held, and construed as to conform with a
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 3. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 46. Fremont's Manumission deeds. (search)
ed States, in the present insurrectionary movement against the Government of the United States; now, therefore, I, John Charles Fremont, Major-General Commanding the Western Department of the Army of the United States, by authority of law, and the posouri, on the 12th day of September, A. D. 1861, as is evidenced by the Departmental seal hereto affixed by my order. J. C. Fremont, Major-General Commanding. Deed of Manumission. Whereas, Thomas L. Snead, of the City and County of St. Louis, ed States, in the present insurrectionary movement against the Government of the United States; now, therefore, I, John Charles Fremont, Major-General Commanding the Western Department of the Army of the United States, by authority of law.and the powouri, on this 12th day of September, A. D. 1861, as is evidenced by the Departmental seal hereto affixed by my order. J. C. Fremont, Major-General Commanding. Done at the office of the Provost-marshal, in the City of St. Louis, this 12th day of
y to sacrifice the latter to the former. Where are all the illustrious sacrifices that history records in all past revolutions? Shall this one, waged upon a principle as sacred as any, pass without them! Shall it be a war merely for wealth, and not for principle? The first duty we owe to our family is to place it in a situation of honor, and the noblest inheritance we can leave our children is the example of noble virtue, and a name to which true glory is attached. The late acts of Gen. Fremont in carrying out his proclamation, by liberating the slaves of Col. Snead, indicate, in a manner not to be mistaken, the objects of the present war, as waged on the part of the United States Government; but there is a more sinister motive in the proclamation, which the true men of Missouri, by leaving the State with their property, are assisting to carry out, and that is, the power that will be given by the withdrawal of their influence and wealth, to hired bandits and unscrupulous demagog
ant alarm for several nights, in apprehension of an attack from the Jayhawkers. The baggage train was rushed to the public square and placed under a strong guard, while the troops went out to Owens' farm--one mile and a half from Springfield — and formed in line of battle, resting on their arms over night. One informant states that John Price started northward with five hundred men, but was driven back, having encountered a Sawyer. A report was put in circulation for the public use, that Fremont was retreating to Jefferson City. But despatches were received by the secession authorities, Wednesday evening, that Price was to cross the Osage, at Papinsville, the previous day, Tuesday. It was given out that the reason for this retrograde movement was to get a supply of provisions. It was observed that several prominent secessionists about Springfield were busily engaged in packing up for a start. Captain Galloway, commander of the Home Guards in Taney County, despairing of the arri
Headquarters camp McClurg, October 16, 1861. General: Enclosed please find Supplemental Report of the action near Henrytown on the 13th. The party detailed to scout the battlefield, and see that the dead were all buried, have returned, and report the whole number of the enemy killed sixty-two, instead of twenty-seven, as per my official report; also, the four mortally wounded have since died. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your most obedient servant, Clark Wright, Major Com. Fremont Battalion Cavalry. To Brig.-Gen. J. B. Wyman, Com. Brigade. Missouri Democrat account. Rolla, Oct. 16, 1861. The ambulances looked for from Springfield, came in to-day, bringing thirty-one of the men wounded in the Wilson Creek fight. Mr. Burns, of Springfield, and two ladies also came along in company with the ambulances. These people report that a sharp engagement took place Sunday morning between two companies of cavalry, belonging to Major Wright's battalion, attach
English, Bazell Rose, R. Wines, W. A. Stephens, P. Rexode, N. Cooper, A. T. Bayley, B. F. Ayers, J. Allison, J. C. Snider, A. G. Miller, J. Cummins, notorious sheriff, making a total of seventy-seven now in custody; also five horses, two mules, twenty-six guns, two pistols, one keg powder, half a bushel bullets, as well as peaceful possession of the town. All of which is respectfully submitted. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your ob't serv't, Clark Wright, Major Commanding Fremont Battalion Cavalry. To Brig.-Gen. Wyman Commanding. St. Louis Republican account. Rolla, Mo., Oct. 19, 1861. A messenger from Linn Creek arrived yesterday evening, bringing interesting news from that point, having left there on Thursday night. He reports that Gen. Wyman, with his command, had arrived safely in that place. He was preceded by two or three companies of cavalry — that of Capt. Crockett, formerly Major Wright's company, being in the advance. When the cavalry entered
Doc. 91. recapture of Lexington, Mo. Major White's official statement. Camp look-out, Quincy, Mo., Oct., 24, 1861. Major-General Fremont: on the 5th instant I received your orders to organize a scouting cavalry squadron for special service, and organized one by making the following detail :--Company L, First Missouri Cavalry, Captain Charles Fairbanks, sixty-five men; Company C, First Missouri Cavalry, Captain P. Kehoe, sixty-five men; the Irish dragoons, (Independent,) fifty-one e glad to hear some of the particulars concerning the rescue of Col. White, Col. Grover, and others of our gallant wounded at Lexington, I take a spare moment to send you a line by my Adjutant, who accompanies Col. White. A short time since Gen. Fremont placed in my hands a picked body of men, the finest in his cavalry command, and despatched me to scout over those parts of the country most infested by rebels. I arrived at Georgetown a short time since, and waited for supplies until the 15th
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