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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barlow, Joel, 1754- (search)
r of that state, and also with the Bey of Tunis. He took sides with the French Directory in their controversy with the American envoys. (See Directory, the French.) Having made a large fortune by speculations in France, Mr. Barlow returned to the United States in 1805, and built himself an elegant mansion in the vicinity of Washington, and called his seat there Kalorama. In 1807 he published the Columbiad, an epic poem. It was illustrated with engravings, some of them from designs by Robert Fulton. and published in a quarto volume in a style more sumptuous than any book that had then been issued in the United States. It was an enlargement of his Vision of Columbus. In 1811 he commenced the preparation of a History of the United States, when President Madison appointed him minister plenipotentiary to the French Court. The next year he was invited to a conference with Napoleon at Wilna, for the nominal object of completing a commercial treaty with the United States. It was beli
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Floating batteries. (search)
the American coast towns, especially in the city of New York. Among the scientific men of the day, John Stevens and Robert Fulton appear conspicuous in proposing plans for that purpose. Earlier than this (in 1807), Abraham Bloodgood, of Albany, sCivil War. At about the same time a plan of a The first American floating battery. floating battery submitted by Robert Fulton was approved by naval officers. It was in the form of a steamship of peculiar construction, that might move at the rongress, and she was built at the ship-yard of Adam and Noah Brown, at Corlear's Hook, New York, under the supervision of Fulton. She was launched Oct. 29, 1814. Her machinery was tested in May following, and on July 4, 1815, she made a trial-trip se on steam vessels, published in Scotland soon afterwards, the author said: Her length Section of the floating battery Fulton. is 300 feet; breadth, 200 feet; thickness of her sides, 13 feet, of alternate oak plank and cork-wood; carries forty-fo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fulton, Robert 1765-1815 (search)
Fulton, Robert 1765-1815 Inventor; born in Robert Fulton. Little Britain, Lancaster co., Pa., in 1765; received a common-school education; became a miniature painter; and, at the age of twenty,Robert Fulton. Little Britain, Lancaster co., Pa., in 1765; received a common-school education; became a miniature painter; and, at the age of twenty, was practising that profession in Philadelphia, by which he made Fulton's Clermont enough money to buy a small farm in Washington county, on which he placed his mother. Then he went to England; s98, when he was granted the exclusive privilege of navigating the waters of the State by steam. Fulton was finally included in the provisions of the act, and in September, 1807, the Clermont, the firnd back. She travelled at the rate of 5 miles an hour. See Livingston, R. R. At this time, Fulton regarded his torpedo as the greater and more beneficial invention, as he believed it would estabhe Brooklyn navy-yard, and there used as a receiving-ship until January, 1829, when she was accidentally blown up (see torpedoes). Fulton died in New York, Feb, 24, 1815. See steamboat, invention of.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hall of fame, (search)
tober, 1900, a jury of 100 persons was appointed to invite and pass upon nominations for the first fifty names. The number of names submitted reached 252, of which twenty-nine received fifty-one (the minimum) or more votes. These were, therefore, declared eligible The following are the names, with the number of votes, which were accepted. The remaining twenty-one are to be selected in 1902: George Washington, 97; Abraham Lincoln, 96; Daniel Webster, 96; Benjamin Franklin, 94; Ulysses S. Grant, 92; John Marshall, 91; Thomas Jefferson, 90; Ralph Waldo Emerson, 87; Henry W. Longfellow, 85; Robert Fulton, 85; Washington Irving, 83; Jonathan Edwards, 81; Samuel F. B. Morse, 80; David G. Farragut, 79; Henry Clay, 74; Nathaniel Hawthorne, 73; George Peabody, 72; Robert E. Lee, 69; Peter Cooper, 69; Eli Whit ney, 67; John J. Audubon, 67; Horace Mann, 66; Henry Ward Beecher, 66; James Kent, 65; Joseph Story, 64; John Adams, 61; William E. Channing, 58; Gilbert Stuart, 52; Asa Gray, 51.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Holland submarine torpedo-boat. (search)
ing submarine navigation in the United States. Fifty of these lives were not lost at all, and the other thirty-two, though lost in a boat designed to operate as a submarine, were all lost when, and apparently because, she was not so operating. Fulton, who went into submarine navigation before he took up steamboats, ran against a solid stone wall of prejudice. He built two excellent boats in France, but all his perseverance could not overcome the fear men have of going down into an element th that they invariably associate with drowning. So, though he had the active interest and good — will of the first Napoleon, Fulton had to drop the matter. To a limited class at least, to the naval men of France and America, it has been demonstrated that the submarine is not a trap in which men are drowned like rats. The extension of this knowledge may be expected to be rapid. The commercial application of submarine navigation will follow almost immediately in the wake of this extension
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Livingston, Robert R. 1747-1813 (search)
ssfully in New York, and was made recorder of the city in 1773. Of this office he was deprived early in 1775, because of his espousal of the patriot cause. He was elected to the Continental Congress in 1775, and was one of the committee appointed to draft a declaration of independence, but his necessary absence from Congress prevented his signing it. On the organization of the State of New York under a constitution, he was appointed chancellor, and held that post until 1801. In 1780 he was again a member of Congress, and was secretary for foreign affairs from 1781 to 1783. Mr. Livingston was a member of the convention of New York which adopted the national Constitution, and voted for it. Minister plenipotentiary to France, from 1801 to 1804, he secured the secession of Louisiana (q. v.) to the United States. He was the coadjutor of Fulton in per- Robert R. Livingston. fecting the system of steam navigation. He died in Clermont, N. Y., Feb. 26, 1813. See steamboat, invention of.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York City (search)
he wind was brisk from the southwest, and the flames spread rapidly, unchecked, for there were few inhabitants in the city. Every building between Whitehall and Broad streets up to Beaver Street was consumed, when the wind veered to the southeast and drove the flames towards Broadway. The buildings on each side of Beaver Street to the Bowling Green were burned. The fire crossed Broadway and swept all the buildings on each side as far as Exchange Street, and on the west side to Partition (Fulton) Street, destroying Trinity Church. Every building westward towards the Hudson River perished. The Tories and British writers of the day charged the destruction of the city to Whig incendiaries. Some of, these citizens who came out of the gloom to save their property were murdered by British bayonets or cast into the flames. Even General Howe in his report made the charge, without a shadow of truth, that the accident was the work of Whig conspirators. About 500 buildings (almost a thi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Oswego, (search)
of the vessels, moved to the shore near the fort early in the afternoon. They were repulsed by a heavy cannon placed near the shore. The next day (May 6) the fleet again appeared, and the larger vessels of the squadron opened fire on the fort. The troops landed in the afternoon, and, after a sharp fight in the open field, the garrison retired, and the British took possession of the fort. The main object of the British was the seizure of naval stores at the falls of the Oswego River (now Fulton), and Mitchell, after leaving the fort, took position up the river for their defence. Early on the morning of the 7th the invaders withdrew, after having embarked the guns and a few stores found in Oswego, dismantled the fort, and burned the barracks. They also raised and carried away the Growler; also several citizens who had been promised protection and exemption from molestation. In this affair the Americans lost, in killed, wounded, and missing, sixty-nine men; the British lost ninet
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Steam navigation. (search)
ert Fulton's Clermont on its trial-trip up the Hudson. Fulton, a professional painter, had conceived a plan for steamboaprojects. He tried two experiments on the Seine in 1803. Fulton visited Scotland, where a steamboat was in operation, and of its construction. With these facts in his possession, Fulton planned, and, on his return to New York in 1806, built, in burden. She was propelled by a Watt & Boulton engine. Fulton was generally regarded as an unwise enthusiast, and when, Clermont left New York on a trial-trip to Albany, bearing Fulton and a few friends who had faith in his enterprise, and theprovided. Before the breaking out of the War of 1812-15 Fulton and Livingston had caused six steamboats to be built for nried on the Forth and Clyde Canal, ScotlandMarch, 1802 Robert Fulton, in connection with Chancellor Livingston, United Stateamboat on the western rivers, a stern-wheeler, is built by Fulton at Pittsburg1811 Comet, first passenger steamboat built i
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Steamboats, Hudson River (search)
e first boat was built by Mr. Livingston and Mr. Fulton, ten vessels are now in operation on their cnce the introduction of Messrs. Livingston and Fulton's boat, adopted their principles, and built twe I have forgotten), when Mr. Livingston and Mr. Fulton were building their experimental boat on ther the experiments made by Mr. Livingston and Mr. Fulton at Paris, a boat was built in Scotland that l direction of these experiments was left to Mr. Fulton, who united, in a very considerable degree, e in England. On the arrival at New York of Mr. Fulton, which was not until 1806, they immediately their success was founded was discovered by Mr. Fulton in the year 1803, and grew out of a variety upon those principles by Mr. Livingston and Mr. Fulton, at New York, in 1807. From these periods t industry the rights granted to Livingston and Fulton, and which I hope every upright and liberal mi link in your great chain of argument; and yet Fulton, who investigated and combined just principles[7 more...]
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