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om the start; in 1851 his work took a prize at the London World's Fair; about the same time he opened an office in Washington; in the fifties he brought over Alexander Gardner, an expert in the new revolutionary wet-plate process, which gave a negative furnishing many prints instead of one unduplicatable original; and in the twentys of Brady's impetuous vigor, he was but one of many in the great work of picturing the war. Three-fourths of the scenes with the Army of the Potomac were made by Gardner. Thomas G. Roche was an indefatigable worker in the armies' train. Captain A. J. Russell, detached as official camera-man for the War Department, obtained many s A triumph of the wet-plate It seems almost impossible that this photograph could have been taken before the advent of modern photographic apparatus, yet Mr. Gardner's negative, made almost fifty years ago, might well furnish a striking exhibit in a modern photographic salon. The view is of Quarles' Mill, on the North Anna
life of 1861-65 so intimately and vividly had its rise in secret-service work. It is literally true, however, that Alexander Gardner's privileges of photographing at headquarters and within the Federal lines, at a thousand historic spots and momentted destinations or routes might reach the adversary. The work of preparing these maps, therefore, was confided to Alexander Gardner, the brilliant Scotchman brought to America and instructed in the photographic art by Brady himself. He proved solves—a useless hobby it seemed then, since there was no way of reproducing the pictures direct on the printed page. But Gardner, first and last an artist, worked so patiently and indefatigably that, before the campaign was over, he had secured thoufinal campaign from the Wilderness to Richmond, form the nucleus of the collection presented herewith. Needless to say, Gardner did not break faith with his employers or pass any of these photographs to Southern sympathizers, or through the Confede
tographing for the army in the field the process that took Gardner into the Secret service Alexander Gardner's usefulness Alexander Gardner's usefulness to the Secret Service lay in the copying of maps by the methods shown above—and keeping quiet about it. A great admirer of GaGardner's was young William A. Pinkerton, son of Allan Pinkerton, then head of the Secret Service. Forty-seven years later Mr.rnished for the Photographic history some reminiscences of Gardner's work: It was during the winter of 1861-1862 that GardnerGardner became attached to the Secret Service Corps, then under my father. I was then a boy, ranging from seventeen to twenty-one ye, during all of which time I was in intimate contact with Gardner, as he was at our headquarters and was utilized by the Govvolumes. Mr. Pinkerton adds: I used to travel around with Gardner a good deal while he was taking these views and saw many ony valuable photographs taken by Matthew B. Brady and Alexander Gardner in the North, and George S. Cook, J. D. Edwards, A. D