Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 10. You can also browse the collection for Elbridge Gerry or search for Elbridge Gerry in all documents.

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ch very considerable loans or subsidies in Europe as could be expected only from an ally; and, before the end of October, they instructed Franklin to assure his most Christian majesty, they hoped protection from his power and magnanimity. There Chap. VII.} 1778. were those in congress who would not place their country under protection; but the word was retained by eight states against Rhode Island and Maryland. Samuel Adams and Lovell, of Massachusetts, voted for it, but were balanced by Gerry and Holten; Sherman, of Connecticut, opposed it, but his vote was neutralized by that of Ellsworth. The people of the United States, in proportion to their numbers, were more opulent than the people of France; but they had no means of organizing their resources. The Oct. pride that would not consent to an efficient union, was willing to ask protection from Louis the Sixteenth. The country was also looking to the United Provinces for aid; and in December Laurens retired from Dec. the o
erritory on the Mississippi, Chap. IX.} 1779. from its source to its mouth. On the same day, Gerry obtained a reconsideration of the article on the fisheries. The treaty of Utrecht divided those Chap. IX.} 1779. June 3. up. Secret Journals of Congress, II. 161. On the third of June, Gerry, who was from Marblehead, again appeared as the champion of the American right to the fisheries gage in the slave-trade was rejected by a unanimous vote of twelve states, Georgia being absent; Gerry and Jay alone dissenting. The committee proposed to bind the United States never to extend theenth of June, the content- 19. ment of the French minister and his friends was disturbed. Elbridge Gerry, of Massachusetts, evading a breach of the rules of congress by a change in form, moved resoThe demand was for no more than Vergennes confessed to belong to them by the law of nations; and Gerry insisted that unless the right received the guarantee of France, or the consent of Great Britain
ed itself as absolutely as South Carolina. As a consequence, the confederation could contain no interdict of the slave-trade, and the importation of slaves would therefore remain open to any state according to its choice. When on the seventeenth of June, 1779, a renunciation of the power to engage in the slave-trade was proposed as an article to be inserted in the treaty of peace, all the states, Georgia alone being absent, refused the concession by the votes of every member except Jay and Gerry. The rigid assertion of the sovereignty of each state 1780. fostered mutual jealousy. Luzerne, the French envoy who succeeded Gerard, soon came to the conclusion that the confederacy would run the risk of an early dissolution if it should give itself up to the hatred which began to show itself between the north and south. Vermont, whose laws from the first never bore with slavery, knocked steadily at the door of congress to be taken in as a state. In August, 1781, its envoys 1781.
ayette, recalling the moment when in France the poor rebels were held in light esteem, and when he nevertheless came to share with them all their perils, had the pleasure of welcoming Washington, as generalissimo of the combined armies of the two nations, to scenes of glory. The first act of Washington was to repair to the Ville de Paris to congratulate de Grasse on his victory. The system of co-operation between the land and naval forces was at the same time concerted. At this moment Gerry wrote from Massachusetts to Jay: You will soon have the pleasure of hearing of the capture of Lord Cornwallis and his army. Nothing can save Cornwallis, said Greene, but a rapid retreat through North Carolina to Charleston. On the seventeenth, Cornwallis reported to Clinton: This place is in no state of defence. If you cannot relieve me very soon, you must be prepared to hear the worst. On that same day, a Chap. XXV.} 1781 Sept. council of war, held by Clinton at New York, decided that