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Chapter 43: military operations at Charleston. The defence of Charleston against a demonstration by land and sea was the most noteworthy event of the summer of 1863. Foiled in their naval attack in April, the next effort was to occupy Morris Island and reduce Fort Sumter. Owing to the lack of diligence on the part of General Beauregard, General Gilmore secretly placed in battery 47 pieces of artillery in close vicinity to the Confederate pickets. On July 10th, an assaulting column 2,500 strong crept up Folly River; the iron-clad fleet occupied the main ship channel off Morris Island. Axemen felled the interposing trees, and the concealed battery opened fire on the Confederate lines. The garrison was on the alert. Just at break of day on the IIth, the Seventh Connecticut regiment charged the works, and went over the outer line, through a terrible fire from the Confederate rifles. The fort opened on them with three howitzers, and they were routed. Although this as
n August 21, 1863, a letter without signature was sent from Major-General Gilmore's headquarters, in front of Charleston, to General Beaurega and two hours later, when the city was in profound repose, Major-General Gilmore opened fire on it, and threw a number of the most destructiefore used against the sleeping and unarmed population. If Major-General Gilmore only desired to go through the barren form of giving noticen to General Beauregard's headquarters, five miles distant. Major-General Gilmore knew very well that in the ordinary course of transmission,s mzght be removed. The object of the foe, according to Major- General Gilmore, was to enforce the surrender of an important fort which he by non-combatants. Independently of the declaration of Major-General Gilmore that his purpose was to reach the heart of the city, the maate commander into compliance with his unreasonable demand, Major-General Gilmore threw a few more shells (twenty-seven in all) into the city