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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 54 2 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, A book of American explorers 25 1 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition. 22 0 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 4 0 Browse Search
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with us, to have known our God better. But now, said he, I must die, the God of the English is much angry with me, and will destroy me. Ah! I was afraid of the scoffs of the wicked Indians; yet my child shall live with the English, and learn to know their God, when I am dead. I will give him to Mr. Wilson: he is much good man, and much love me. So sent for Mr. Wilson to come to him, and committed his only child to his care, and so died. The Indians were powerful on this shore; and Gosnold, who was at Cape Cod in 1602, says this coast is very full of people. Capt. Smith, who was here in 1614, says it was well inhabited with many people. Sir Ferdinando Gorges adds, At our first discovery of those coasts, we found it very populous, the inhabitants stout and warlike. Speaking of the Mattachusetts, Capt. Smith observes, For their trade and merchandise, to each of their principal families or habitations, they have divers towns and people belonging, and, by their relations and d
Chapter 3: Civil history. When the Europeans took possession of North America, by the right of discovery, their entry of lands, countries, and continents was deemed by them as legal ownership for their sovereign. The discoveries of John and Sebastian Cabot, Bartholomew Gosnold, and others, were understood to give to James I., of England, the coasts and country of New England. The king accordingly claimed, in the eighteenth year of his reign, the entire continent between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. In that same year, he granted to the Council of Plymouth, in the county of Devon, for the planting, ruling, ordering, and governing of New England, in America, all that part of America lying and being in breadth from forty degrees to forty-eight degrees of north latitude, and in length of and within all the breadth aforesaid throughout the mainland, from sea to sea, --to be holden of him, his heirs, and successors, as of his manor of East Greenwich, in the county of Kent, in
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), America, discoverers of. (search)
ocean helplessly, were picked up, taken to England, and by the stories which they told of the beautiful land they had left, caused Queen Elizabeth to encourage voyages of discover in that direction. Sir Walter Raleigh, favored by the Queen, sent two ships, commanded by Philip Amidas and Arthur Barlow, to the middle regions of the North American coast. They discovered Roanoke Island and the main near, and in honor of the unmarried Queen the whole country was named Virginia. In 1602 Bartholomew Gosnold, sailing from England directly across the Atlantic, discovered the continent on May 14, near Nahant, Mass., and sailing southward also discovered a long, sandy point, which he named Cape Cod, because of the great number of that fish found there. He also discovered Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard, and the Elizabeth Islands. In 1604 Martin Pring discovered the coast of Maine. Again the French had turned their attention to North America. M. de Chastes, governor of Dieppe, having receiv
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gosnold, Bartholomew 1602- (search)
Gosnold, Bartholomew 1602- Navigator; born in England; date unknown; became a stanch friend of Sir Walter Raleigh. Becthe more northerly part of America; and on April 26, 1602, Gosnold sailed from Falmouth, England, in a small vessel, with twehe first time an Englishman set foot on New England soil. Gosnold passed around the cape, and entered Buzzard's Bay, where hance of small fruits, and the general aspect of nature. Gosnold determined to plant his colony there, and on a small rockylt a fort; and, had the courage of the colonists held out, Gosnold would have had the immortal honor of making the first permElizabeth Island now bears its original name of Cottyunk. Gosnold soon afterwards organized a company for colonization in Vimestown afterwards. The place was an unhealthful one, and Gosnold remonstrated against founding the settlement there, but iness and other causes destroyed nearly half the number before autumn. Among the victims was Gosnold, who died Aug. 22, 1607.
Maine, This most easterly State in the Union was admitted in 1820. Its shores were first visited by Europeans under Bartholomew Gosnold (1602) and Martin Pring (1603), though it is possible they were seen by Cabot (1498) and Verrazano (1524). The French, under De Monts, wintered near the site of Calais, on the St. Croix (1604-5), and took possession of the Sagadahock, or Kennebec, River. Captain Weymouth was there in 1605, and kidnapped some of the natives; and in 1607 the Plymouth Company sent emigrants to settle there, but they did Seal of the State of Maine. not remain long. A French mission established at Mount Desert was broken up by Samuel Argall (q. v.) in 1613, and the next year Captain Smith, landing first at Monhegan Island, explored the coast of Maine. The whole region of Maine, and far southward, westward and eastward, was included in the charter of the Plymouth Company, and in 1621 the company, having granted the country east of the St. Croix to Sir William Al
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
Massachusetts, One of the original thirteen States of the Union; founded by English Puritans who fled from persecution (see Puritans). Its shores were probably visited by Northmen at the beginning of the eleventh century (Northmen), and possibly Sebastian Cabot saw them (1498), and also Verrazano (1524). The shores were explored by Bartholomew Gosnold (1602), Samuel Champlain (1604), and John Smith (1614); but the first permanent European settlement was made on the shores of Cape Cod Bay by some English Non-conformists, who, calling themselves Pilgrims, had fled from England to Holland, sojourned there a few years, formed a church at Leyden, and in 1620 came to America, where they might worship God with perfect freedom. Having made arrangements with the Plymouth Company for planting a settlement, and for funds with some London merchants, they went from Delftshaven to England, and sailed for America from Plymouth in the Mayflower, of 180 tons' burden, on Sept. 17 (N. S.), and, a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nantucket (search)
Nantucket islands off the south coast of Massachusetts, and belonging to that State, the former containing 60, the latter 120 square miles; first noted by Captain Gosnold, 1602, and first settled by some people under Thomas Mayhew from Watertown, Mass., 1643. Both islands in earlier days were famous for their skilled seamen and large business in whale-fishery.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New England. (search)
New England. Sir Humphrey Gilbert (1583) and Bartholomew Gosnold (1602) visited the New England coast, and the latter planted a temporary colony there The account given by Gosnold excited desires on the part of friends of Sir Walter Raleigh to make new efforts to found settlements in America, especially in the northeasternn naval and commercial science (see Hakluyt, Richard), Martin Pring, and Bartholomew Gosnold, all friends of Raleigh, induced merchants of Bristol to fit out two ships in the spring of 1603 to visit the coasts discovered by Gosnold. Early in April (a fortnight after the death of Queen Elizabeth), the Speedwell, of 50 tons, and s) Vineyard. Returning to England at the end of six months, Pring confirmed Gosnold's account of the country. This led to other expeditions; and in 1605 the Earl He sailed from England in March, 1605, taking the shorter passage pursued by Gosnold; but storms delayed him so that it was six weeks before he saw the American co
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Plymouth Company. (search)
1606 Justice Popham sent a vessel at his own cost, commanded by Henry Challons, to make further discoveries of the north Virginia region. Challons and his crew of about thirty persons were captured by the Spaniards, and the vessel was confiscated. Soon after the departure of Challons, Thomas Hanham, afterwards one of the company, sailed in a small vessel for America, accompanied by Martin Pring, to discover a good place for a settlement; and his report was so favorable, so confirmatory of Gosnold's statements (see Gosnold, Bartholomew), that the above-named gentlemen and others formed an association called the Plymouth Company, and received a charter from King James late in that year. In the spring of 1607 they sent three small vessels to the domain with 100 emigrants, and George Popham as governor of the colony. They landed, late in August, at a rather sterile place near the mouth of the Kennebec, Maine, afterwards known as Parker's Island, where, after a sermon had been deliv
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Smith, John 1579-1632 (search)
s, mounted a horse, and escaped to a Russian port on the Don. The account he gave of his personal exploits was most remarkable. On his return to England, Bartholomew Gosnold persuaded Smith to engage in founding a colony in Virginia, and at the age of twenty-seven years, already Capt. John Smith (from an old print.) greatly renowned, he sailed for America, Dec. 19, 1606, with Capt. Christopher Newport, who commanded three vessels that bore 105 emigrants. He was accompanied by Gosnold, Edward Maria Wingfield (one of the London Company), George Percy, Rev. Robert Hunt, and other men of property. The voyage was by the southern route, and was long and ted corn, and had the colony well supplied with food for the ensuing winter. But one-half of the emigrants had perished by the end of summer. Among the victims was Gosnold. The company had instructed the leaders of the colony to explore every considerable stream in search of the coveted northwest passage. Smith smiled at the ignor
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