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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Official correspondence of Governor Letcher, of Virginia. (search)
unties, volunteer companies, home guards, &c. Our mountains are full of rifles, and if invaded, we shall give a good account of ourselves. The question with us is, whether we are not better off, left to ourselves, than to have a small and inadequate force sent to us, which might merely serve as an excuse for an outbreak. What we need is guns in the hands of our own companies. Whether it might be well to have some troops in the interior, at long distance from the river — such a point as Grafton or Piedmont, on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad--might be worthy of consideration. Troops in any of the counties on the rivers would most probably cut off every supply from below, both for the army and the resident population. I have ventured to throw out these suggestions, not formally, as to the commander-in-chief, but in the freedom of private friendship, knowing your anxiety to do your whole duty in this crisis, and your wish to obtain information from every part of the State.
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 12: West Virginia. (search)
aunton at the southern end of the Shenandoah Valley, by the Staunton and Parkersburg turnpike, a tolerably direct route, over the mountains, a distance of seventy-five to a hundred miles to Beverly, from which point they might menace and overawe Grafton, the junction of the main stem of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad with its branches to Parkersburg and Wheeling. But the reaction against secession, the reawakening of union feeling, the growth and organization of the party which favored a por Letcher and Lee. A West Virginia regiment, formed by Colonel Kelly to fight for the Union, gathered recruits more rapidly at Wheeling, than the rebel camps which Colonel Porterfield had been sent to command and concentrate between Beverly and Grafton. It will be remembered that the Richmond Convention had appointed the 23d of May (that being also a general election for members of the Legislature) as the day on which the people of Virginia should vote to ratify or reject the Ordinance of
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Index. (search)
Foster, Captain, 28, 63 Fox, Captain G. V., 51; sails in command of expedition for relief of Fort Sumter, 59 Franklin, General W. B., 174 Fremont, General J. C., 133 Frost, D. M., 117 et seq. G. Gainesville, Va., 181 Gamble, Hamilton R., 125 Garnett, General, 146, 154 Georgia, attitude of, with regard to secession, 2, 8, 12; secession of, 13 et seq. Gist, Governor of South Carolina, his circular letter, 1, 8, 27 Gosport Navy Yard, destruction of, 96 et seq. Grafton, 142 et seq., 146 Grant, General U. S., 134 Great Bethel, Va., engagement at, 172 Green, Captain, 117 Griffin, Captain, 188, 191, 192 Guthrie, Colonel, 131 H. Hagerstown, Md., 157 Hamlin, Hannibal, 76 Harney, General, 119 et seq. Harper's Ferry, United States Armory at, 83; capture of, by rebels, 95, 98; retaken from the rebels, 157; weakness of, 158; destroyed by Johnston, 161 Harrisburg, 100 Hayne, I. W., 35, 37 Heintzelman, General S. P., commands Th
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 20: commencement of civil War. (search)
y at Beverly, the capital of Randolph County, twenty-five or thirty miles farther up Tygart's Valley. report of Colonel Dumont to General Morris, June 4, 1861; Grafton correspondent of the Wheeling Intelligencer, June 3, 1861; sketch of the life of Brigadier-General B. F. Kelley; by Major John B. Frothingham, Topographical Engintion thus obtained, and considering his lack of wagons and other means for transportation, General Morris thought it prudent to recall his troops from Philippi to Grafton, rather than to send them at that moment, and so ill prepared, on a most perilous expedition among the mountains. For a time Grafton became the Headquarters of tof wagons and other means for transportation, General Morris thought it prudent to recall his troops from Philippi to Grafton, rather than to send them at that moment, and so ill prepared, on a most perilous expedition among the mountains. For a time Grafton became the Headquarters of the National troops in Northwestern Virginia.
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 22: the War on the Potomac and in Western Virginia. (search)
hing on to New Creek, destroyed the bridge of the Baltimore and Ohio Railway at that place. Then they passed on to Piedmont, five miles farther westward, where they cut the telegraph-wires, and destroyed all communication between Cumberland and Grafton. Fortunately, the advance of the insurgents upon Piedmont was known in time to send all the rolling stock of the railway there to Grafton, and save it from seizure. Wallace was now completely isolated, and expected an immediate attack upon han ever regret that you are not under my command. I have urged General Scott to send up the Pennsylvania regiments. I begin to doubt whether the Eleventh Indiana needs re-enforcements. Letter from General McClellan to Colonel Wallace, dated Grafton, June 28, 1861. On the 8th of July, by order of General Patterson, Wallace's regiment broke camp at Cumberland, and joined the forces under their chief at Martinsburg; and they were engaged on duty in that vicinity until after the battle of
tment of the South, 3.198; operations of against the defenses of Charleston, 3.200-3.211. Glasgow, Ark., capture of by Price, 3.279. Glendale, battle of, 2.430. Gloucester Point, attempt of W. H. F. Lee to surprise, 3.21. Goldsboroa, N. C., Foster's expedition against, 3.181; capture of by Gen. Schofield, 3.494; junction of Schofleld's, Terry's and Sherman's forces at, 3.503. Goldsborough, Commodore Louis M., naval operations of on the coast of North Carolina, 2.166-2.175. Grafton, National troops at, 1.497; McClellan at, 1. 531. Grand Ecore, Porter's gun-boats at, 3.256. Grand Gulf, batteries at passed by Porter's fleet, 2.603; abandoned by the Confederates, 2.604. Granger, Gen. G., his defense of Franklin against Van Dorn, 3.118; at the battle of Chickamauga, 3.139; operations of against Forts Gaines and Morgan, 3.443. Grant, Gen. U. S., occupies Paducah, 2.76; operations of in Kentucky, 2.85; against Fort Donelson, 2.207-2.234; movements of on the Tenn
lonel Kelley reached Grafton on the 13th of May. The enemy retreated at his approach, and he repaired the bridge, and established railroad-communications with Wheeling. Soon after, Colonel Stedman occupied Clarksburg, and established communications with Colonel Kelley. The enemy fell back from Grafton upon Philippi, on the high-road from Wheeling to Staunton, in Central Virginia. General McClellan in the mean time had despatched three Indiana regiments, under Brigadier-General Morris, to Grafton. They arrived on the 31st of May; and General Morris at once assumed the chief command. Hardly six weeks had elapsed since Captain McClellan had been first called upon by Governor Dennison for assistance; and in that time he had actually created an army and begun the first campaign! The first encounter of the war took place at Philippi, a small town two hundred and ten miles from Richmond. On the 2d of June, General Morris determined to endeavor to drive from this town the rebel force
obtained till the 27th; and the sufferings of men and loss of horses were deplorable. The direction of his retreat may have been misjudged; but Hunter, lacking many things, never lacked courage; and he believed that an attempt to regain the Shenandoah directly from Lynchburg would have seriously imperiled his army. But his withdrawal into West Virginia rendered him no longer formidable to the enemy, and involved a circuitous, harassing movement by the Kanawha, the Ohio, Parkersburg, and Grafton, before lie could again be of any service. The Rebels, aware of this, promptly resolved to make the most of their opportunity. Early, who had headed the corps sent from Richmond to the relief of Lynchburg, collecting all the forces he could muster, moved rapidly northward, and very soon appeared July 2-3. on the Potomac: Sigel, commanding at Martinsburg, retreating precipitately by Harper's Ferry, with a heavy loss of stores, and taking post on Maryland Heights, where tlhe enemy did
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 1 (search)
my arrival, Governor Letcher gave me the appointment of major-general. The commander-in-chief assigned me to the service of organizing and instructing the volunteers then just beginning to assemble at the call of the Governor. He himself was then selecting the points to be occupied by these troops for the protection of the State, and determining the number to be assigned to each. Norfolk, a point near Yorktown, another in front of Fredericksburg, Manassas Junction, Harper's Ferry, and Grafton, seemed to be regarded by him as the most important positions, for they were to be occupied in greatest force. I was assisted in my duties by Lieutenant-Colonel Pemberton, Majors Jackson and Gilham, and Captain T. L. Preston. Near the end of April, however, the second named was promoted to a colonelcy and assigned to the command of Harper's Ferry, held until then by Colonel Kenton Harper. I was employed in this way about two weeks. Then, Virginia having acceded to the Southern Con
lar and handsome features, almost classic in their regularity and mingled delicacy and strength of beauty. His hair, almost coal black, as were his eyes, he wore long on the neck, in the prevailing fashion among the Virginia aristocracy. His dress was of fine blue broadcloth throughout, and richly ornamented. The buttons bore the coat of arms of the State of Virginia, and the star on his shoulder-strap was richly studded with brilliants. Major Gordon was detailed to convey the body to Grafton, via Rowlesburg, and to return his sword, (evidently a family relic, and presented by Gen. George M. Brooke,) and other personal effects, to his family. The correspondents of the Commercial and Gazette, and Mr. Ricketts, (one of four brothers in the Indiana Seventh, all as brave and true men as are in the army,) were to act as escorts. A mule team, attached to an ambulance which had been captured the previous day, were the best outfit we could find for the purpose of the 30 miles of rough
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