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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure) 308 0 Browse Search
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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The Exchange of prisoners. (search)
nooga, and that many of the prisoners paroled by General Grant and General Banks, at Vicksburg and Port Hudson,al. It was transmitted by the War Department to General Grant, then in front of Petersburg, for his approval oCommittee on the Conduct of the War, states that General Grant communicated his rejection to him, giving in subthe 20th of April I received another telegram of General Grant, ordering not another man to be given to the rebels. To that I answered on the same day: Lieutenant General Grant's instructions shall be implicitly obeyed. authority of General Butler himself that he and General Grant conferred together as to how exchanges were to bassed at Savannah. In the winter of 1864-65, General Grant took control of matters relating to exchanges, ahis agreements and arrangements with me, I found General Grant to be scrupulously correct. He never deviated i there at the surrender. I offered my parole to General Grant who generously declined to subject me even to pa
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Vicksburg during the siege. (search)
1862, a fleet bearing the united forces of Generals Grant and Sherman, of, the river, and descendingimmediate danger, and that a large part of General Grant's army had been sent to join Rosecrans. H order to General Pemberton in these words: If Grant's army crosses [the Mississippi], unite all yoe might have crushed. Battle was delivered by Grant on the 16th, with all his force. The Confedernd was conducted from the field by Stevenson. Grant followed swiftly, and the pickets of the advanctually issued; but nobody need eat it, as General Grant issued abundant supplies of the best that One day the forces had gone to Memphis, to cut Grant off from his supplies, a report that provoked on to three commissioners on either side. General Grant, courteously receiving the flag-of-truce, demand. A general officer, who, I think, was Grant, accompanied by a full suite, some of whom werneral in the midst of them, who must have been Grant. During all this time I heard but two phrases[12 more...]
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Flight and capture of Jefferson Davis. (search)
so much of this as refers to the supposed plan of escape. The writer seems to have been in the same predicament as many others have been, who have sought to force or to make facts to suit fanciful theories. Mr. Davis and his Cabinet were not, when they left Richmond, laboring under the belief that General Lee could avoid surrendering only a short time. It was still hoped at that time that Generals Lee and Johnston might be able to unite their armies at some point between the armies of Generals Grant and Sherman, and turn upon and defeat one of them, and take their chances for defeating the other by fighting them in detail. If I knew then where the Shenandoah was, I have now forgotten, and I certainly never heard the subject mentioned of an intended or desired escape from the country by her. I think I am entirely safe in saying that neither Mr. Davis nor any member of his Cabinet contemplated leaving the country when we left Richmond, but two of them afterward determined to do s
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Fire, sword, and the halter. (search)
multaneously from the Kanawha region, in West Virginia, so as to effect the junction of all their forces about the middle of the month at Staunton, and thence move on Lynchburg. When Hunter tookup his line of march, I had less than one thousand Confederate soldiers in the Valley, General Breckenridge having not only withdrawn his own troops after the battle of New Market, but taking also my largest regiment, the Sixty-second Virginia, to the aid of General Lee, who was sorely pressed by General Grant with overwhelming numbers on that memorable march from the Rappahannock to the James. Having full information of the combined movements of Hunter, Crook, and Averill, and of their strength and purpose to unite in the Valley, I communicated it to General Lee and the Confederate Secretary of War, announcing my utter inability to cope with them successfully with only about one thousand veteran soldiers. General Lee informed me that he could not then send me any assistance from the army ne
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Union view of the Exchange of prisoners. (search)
s Morgan, Imboden, Ferguson, McNeil, and other guerrilla chiefs had captured a considerable number of Federal soldiers, made up of small foraging parties, stragglers, etc., and paroled them when and where captured, in order to avoid the trouble and expense of conveying them to any of the points designated in the cartel. These paroles not being valid, the men accepting them were ordered to duty immediately; but these paroles were all charged to the Government of the United States. After General Grant had captured Vicksburg, and paroled Pemberton's army, every member of that army was declared exchanged, as an offset to the irregularly paroled Federal prisoners, when the former amounted to three times as many as the latter. At this time the Federal Government had a large excess of prisoners; but, as the Confederate Government had violated the cartel whenever any advantage was to be gained by it, it was deemed expedient not to exchange. Shortly after the Vicksburg exchange, Judge Ould
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), General Meade at Gettysburg. (search)
ier, declaring that he was the best officer in the Federal army, and had given him more trouble than any of them. General Grant, too, has put on record his estimate of Meade's ability. Writing not long before the closing campaign of the war, hef his services was fully won, but that he was eminently qualified for the command such rank would entitle him to. General Grant subsequently, when he became President of the United States, overslaughed General Meade by appointing to the vacant L Potomac, which had displayed such wonderful fortitude and courage during the protracted and bloody campaign of which General Grant speaks, and which deserved that, by the promotion of its commander to this high rank, the government should recognizefar from our intention to say anything in disparagement of General Sheridan, who was a brave and able officer, but as General Grant defies any man to name an abler commander than Meade. and as Meade ranked Sheridan, the injustice is apparent. G
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The First attack on Fort Fisher (search)
rd in the execution of the plan, when the campaigns in Virginia and Georgia were arranged by General Grant, and Burnside and the Ninth Corps were called to the Army of the Potomac. The expedition ag the National Capital to Hampton Roads. At Fortress Monroe, they had an interview with Lieutenant General Grant, who also approved the plan, and agreed to send the bulk of Sheridan's army, then in thhad gone to Georgia, with most of the troops in Eastern North Carolina, was communicated to General Grant at the close of November, and he considered it important to strike the blow at Fort Fisher in the absence of that general. Grant had held a consultation with Admiral Porter in Hampton Roads, and it was agreed that the lieutenant general should provide 6,500 troops from the Army of the Jameals Butler, Weitzel and Graham, and their respective staff officers, and Colonel Comstock of General Grant's staff, as his representative. The atmosphere was cloudless and serene; and all the aftern
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), A campaign with sharpshooters. (search)
ters were well kept up, and was the just subject of pride alike to their officers and at army headquarters. And so, when Grant changed his base, moving south, while Lee followed, describing the interior line, the sharpshooters brought up the rear f unrecorded actions, gaining high credit for fighting, and occasionally rewarded by a good bit of plunder. After General Grant's failure to break our front at Cold Harbor, he suddenly decamped, bag and baggage, for the south side of James river times, he never failed to strike the enemy whenever an opportunity offered, and his blows were always felt. When General Grant, with the intention of more closely enveloping Petersburg, applied his old maneuvre of extending his left, he moved frdingly, on the 25th of March, a movement was made on our left (Fort Stedman), which proved a failure. That very evening Grant delivered his riposte in the shape of a sharp thrust on our right at Battery 45. Our pickets-only details were on duty
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The Dalton-Atlanta operations. (search)
ndred and fifty-four field-pieces. As the forces of the three departments furnishing these troops amounted at the time to two hundred and twenty-nine thousand, five hundred and twenty-four men present for duty (see Secretary of War's report, 1865, page 5), the strength of the invading army could have been doubled without leaving its communications insufficiently guarded. Therefore, General Sherman must have regarded the forces he assembled as ample for his object. That object was (see General Grant's letter, on page 26) to move against Johnston's army, to break it up, and to get into the interior of the enemy's country as far as he could, inflicting all the damage he could against their war resources. That army was in front of Dalton, of forty-two thousand, eight hundred men, of all arms, present for duty, with one hundred and fifty field-guns. Its position had not been selected, but was occupied by accident. General Bragg took it for the encampment of a night in his retreat fro
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Recollections of Grant. (search)
Recollections of Grant. S. H. M. Byers. Looking over my diary to-day, kept when a corporal hink he is. And this was the first time I saw Grant. I think I still possess some of the feeling ont, and grew louder, too, on the left flank. Grant had led his horse to the left, and thus kept nnd marching inside the enemy's lines. What if Grant should be killed, and we be defeated here — in His cries of pain attracted the attention of Grant, and I noticed the half-curious, though sympattes at the meadow when an orderly dashed up to Grant, and handed him a communication. Then followeder fire; but this was a real battle, and what Grant himself might have called business. I tried t very spot where, half an hour before, we left Grant leaning on his bay mare and smoking his cigar.lly long, had been severe. On the 22d of May, Grant, under the impression that the enemy had been munition had been furnished the batteries, and Grant proposed celebrating the anniversary of the na[14 more...]
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