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e before him the crack cavalry of the Federal army; the retreat thereafter before an enraged enemy; the continuous combats of the mountain passes, and in the vicinity of Boonsboroa; the obstinate stand he made once more on the old ground around Upperville as Lee again fell back; the heavy petites guerres of Culpeper; the repulse of Custer when he attacked Charlottesville; the expedition to the rear of General Meade when he came over to Mine Run; the bitter struggle in the Wilderness when General Grant advanced; the fighting all along the Po in Spotsylvania; the headlong gallop past the South Anna, and the bloody struggle near the Yellow Tavern, where the cavalier, who had passed through a hundred battles untouched, came to his end at last-these are a few of the pictures which rise up before the mind's eye at those words, the career of Stuart. In the brief space of a sketch like this, it is impossible to attempt any delineation of these crowding scenes and events. They belong to hist
le, and back to Gettysburg; the grand charge there, sabre to sabre, where Hampton was shot through the body, and nearly cut out of the saddle by a sabre blow upon the head, which almost proved fatal; the hard conflicts of the Wilderness, when General Grant came over in May, 1864; the fighting on the north bank of the Po, and on the left of the army at Spotsylvania Court-House; the various campaigns against Sheridan, Kautz, Wilson, and the later cavalry leaders on the Federal side, when, Stuart bulances, their dead men and horses; near Bellfield the Federal column sent to destroy the railroad was encountered, stubbornly opposed, and driven back before they could burn the bridge at Hicksford; at Burgess' Mill, near Petersburg, where General Grant made his first great blow with two corps of infantry, at the Southside railroad, Hampton met them in front and flank, fought them all an October day nearly, lost his brave son Preston, dead from a bullet on the field, but in conjunction with
advance up the Valley, from which, as his report shows, General Grant had expected so much, had thus completely failed. The , however, in scenes more striking and dramatic still. General Grant, with about 150,000 men, was pressing General Lee with st broken in the effort. To divert reinforcements from General Grant was a matter of vital importance — a thing of life and uld not probably be able to do more than divert troops from Grant; but this was an object of the first importance, and much m advance came to the Federal authorities at the moment when Grant was supposed to be carrying everything before him. To meet ral Hunter from the Ohio, and a considerable force from General Grant's army was dispatched up the bay to man the fortificatied him, but an army of about 50,000 men. To that extent General Grant had been weakened, and the heavy weight upon General Lef. Pursuit was not made to Mount Jackson, as stated by both Grant and Stanton, but my troops were halted for the night at Fis
John Esten Cooke, Wearing of the Gray: Being Personal Portraits, Scenes, and Adventures of War., On the road to Petersburg: notes of an officer of the C. S. A. (search)
on in this good or bad year 1864, and our friend General Grant is leaving Cold Harbour for a new base, I think.mander-in-chief was called McClellannow he is called Grant. The leader of the South was then called Lee, and Lederate lines has been repulsed with heavy loss, and Grant has evidently abandoned any further attempt to stormThis takes place at all hours of the day and night. Grant keeps pegging away. Today he seems to gain somethinevery attack along the bristling lines, as in 1862. Grant ends where McClellan began; upon the ground at leaste, for whatever may be thought of our friend General Ulysses Grant's genius as a soldier, he allows the gray pehooters comes from the woods and gradually recedes. Grant is moving. Ii. We strike tents, shoulder arms o the low grounds of Charles City, everywhere facing Grant; line of battle; fighting on the long bridge road; mward James river. Then the question is settled; General Grant is going to try the Petersburg line of advance o
John Esten Cooke, Wearing of the Gray: Being Personal Portraits, Scenes, and Adventures of War., A family rifle-pit: an incident of Wilson's raid (search)
A family rifle-pit: an incident of Wilson's raid In war the bloody and the grotesque are strangely mingled; comedy succeeds tragedy with startling abruptness; and laughter issues from the lips when the tears upon the cheek are scarcely dry. I had never heard of a family rifle-pit before June, 1864. I am going to give the reader the benefit of the knowledge I acquired on that occasion. General Grant was then besieging Petersburg, or Richmond rather, if we are to believe the military gentlemen who edited the New York newspapers; and having failed to drive Lee from his earthworks, where the Virginian persisted in remaining despite every effort made to oust him, the Federal commander organized an enormous raid against the Southside and the Danville railroads, by which Lee was supplied. The result of this cavalry movement is known. Generals Wilson, Kautz, and others who commanded in the expedition, were successful in their object, so far as the destruction of a large part
John Esten Cooke, Wearing of the Gray: Being Personal Portraits, Scenes, and Adventures of War., General Pegram on the night before his death. (search)
of the truth of presentiments, and warnings of approaching death. It was early in February of the year 1865, and General Grant had for some time been straining every nerve to force his way to the Southside railroad-when General Lee would be cut off from his base of supplies, and compelled to retreat or surrender his army. Grant had exhibited a persistence which amounted to genius; and the Federal lines had been pushed from the Jerusalem to the Weldon road, from the Weldon to the Vaughan ore unfortunate; but it was one of those misfortunes which no generalship could prevent. By sheer force of numbers, General Grant had effected the destruction of the road; the Southside road could not supply forage; the cavalry horses must go to H, approach James river far below City Point, board and seize upon a Federal ram, and then steam up the James, and destroy Grant's fleet of transports at City Point. This excellent scheme was thoroughly arranged; the torpedoes to be used were hidden
ers; and a child might have understood that if Grant continued to receive heavy reinforcements, andmy of Northern Virginia went on dwindling, and Grant continued to increase his strength, until at tnerals shared his views. One of them said: If Grant once breaks through our lines, we might as wel to the last. The expected attack soon came. Grant rapidly concentrated his army (amounting, Gene0,000 men and Danville were the 140,000 men of Grant. Ii. I should think it impossible even fed of his small numbers, declaring that if General Grant had suspected this weakness, he would havemy to have done so; but it is certain that General Grant made persistent and desperate attempts to at Burkesville Junction; and another replied, Grant can get there first. There, in a few words, wscenes of a great tragedy. On the 7th, General Grant opened his correspondence with General Leelt keenly, stated to Confederate officers that Grant's force amounted to eighty thousand men, and t[17 more...]
Mrs. John A. Logan, Reminiscences of a Soldier's Wife: An Autobiography, Chapter 12: (search)
probable that General Logan's defence of President Grant against the attacks of Senator John B. Gogs greater credit in rendering service to President Grant in the halls of Congress than to any otheten attributes evil to the motives of rivals. Grant was naturally the only barrier in the road to om the shafts of the designing were levelled. Grant was held responsible for every act of his appohigs and Abolitionists. A person once told Grant that Sumner did not believe in the Bible. Gran America, and one in Japan. One is named Ulysses Grant, and one other Roscoe Conkling. They werethe savage attacks of Sumner and Schurz on General Grant and the leaders of the regular Republican arriage as we return. Louis, overhearing President Grant, preceded them to the carriage. Imagine e. When they arrived at the White House, President Grant took Jack by the hand and led him into thd Miss Snead, and Miss Mary E. Healey. General Grant soon nominated his cabinet, retaining thos[27 more...]
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Trees whittled down at Horseshoe. (search)
nd the Landrum house, which was outside of our skirmish line, and no signs of the enemy were seen in our front nor did there appear to be any activity in the enemy's line in our front, until late in the afternoon of that day. At the Wilderness. In addition to what I have said in regard to the selection of this line, one very important fact—one that will be fully appreciated by those conversant with that campaign—must not be overlooked. Johnson's division received the opening attack of Grant's army on May 5th, and during that day and night, and the succeeding day and night, were in line of battle, fighting almost continuously, resisting until late each night the frequent and furious charges of the enemy. There was no rest day or night for our men, until the night of the 7th. So intense was the fighting that on the night of May 5th, the commander of Pegram's brigade of Early's division, which had been sent to extend our left, sent word to General Johnson that the men could not
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.15 (search)
e color bearer killed. One among the bloodiest Contests of the great war of the Sixties. [For the privation of, and the list of the officers under fire on Morris Island, see Vols. XII, and XVIII, Southern Historical Society Papers, the latter by Hon. Abe Fulkerson, late Colonel 63rd Tennessee Infantry.—Ed.] The sharp combat at Bethesda Church, on the afternoon of May 30th, 1864, was the beginning of the series of battles at Cold Harbor, which wound up by the decisive repulse of Grant on June 3d. Our loss on that occasion, except in Pegram's brigade, was small, says General Early in his report, which is found in Vol. 51, Part 1, Series 1, of the War Records, Serial Number 107. He was at that time commanding Ewell's corps. Colonel Edward Willis, Son of Dr. Frances T. Willis, deceased, (of Virginia ancestry) late of this city and formerly of Georgia. See Southern Historical Society Papers, Vol. Xvii—Lee Monument Memorial Volume, pp. 160-167—for further testimony as to<
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