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rd Corps, on reaching the river, had to send all the artillery and ambulances to the Germania Ford.— Gen. Birney: Testimony before the Committee on the Conduct of the War. During this day's march Gen. Meade caused a despatch to be read announcing Grant's great victories at Chattanooga and Lookout Mountain, and stating that he had taken 20,000 prisoners. This, by the by, is a good specimen of such despatches. The actual number officially reported by Grant was 6,142. But we were destined to mGrant was 6,142. But we were destined to move on and cross the river at Germania Ford, a few miles lower down, and being now in the rear, partly through loss of time in the mire, and partly from misdirection, we were condemned to the misery of waiting for those in advance to cross. We afterwards learned that Warren's Second Corps, which crossed at this ford, was ahead of us, and must cross first. And it was misery without any discount. The column would move on a few steps and halt. Thereupon cannoneers would seek some tolerably co
s one of the few men in the Old Dominion whom neither argument nor intimidation could swerve from an unyielding devotion to the Union. On the 2d of March, Maj. Gen. Grant having been previously nominated to the grade of lieutenantgeneral, was confirmed in this rank by the Senate, and on tile 10th assigned, by special order of Png arrived at the place designated, the infantry were drawn up in four lines of a division each, while the batteries were formed in two lines. After some delay Gen. Grant appeared, riding across the field with a numerous staff. Gen. Meade rode forward to receive him, and conducted him to a knoll which commanded a view of the ent With drivers erect on their horses, and cannoneers with folded arms sitting in their appointed places on the chests, we wheeled into column to march before Lieut. Gen. Grant, of whom we now get our first near view. He seemed quite plainly attired, to us, who perhaps had a magnified notion of how the General-in-Chief of all the a
Ely's, six miles farther down. Grant's plan Grant and his Campaigns. Copper. was to cross the rhis flank movement to follow him to Richmond. Grant and his Campaigns. Coppee. At eight o'clock, aturally be expected that if the first part of Grant's plan for the campaign succeeded, Lee would fsent in force and meant business, and although Grant would have much preferred not to fight in the field of the battle of the Wilderness; and General Grant appointed that at five o'clock of the morneys broke out in our front, and in a moment Gens. Grant and Hancock were spurring down in that direlowed, when orders to move were received. For Grant, having apparently relinquished the idea of cr proposed to maneuver thus and so; whereupon Gen. Grant stopped him at the word maneuver, and said, e placed our guns In Battery and here came Generals Grant and Meade with their staffs and viewed thrWent into battery on the hill near the house. Grant and Meade there. First Massachusetts Heavy Ar[6 more...]
of our flanks before assistance could reach it. This was sufficient cause for the anxiety that was so universal. Nothing, we now believe, but Lee's inferior force could have prevented him from executing this maneuver. We spent all of Wednesday and Thursday, the 25th and 26th, here, and in the evening of the latter, at 10 o'clock, recrossed the river, on a pontoon constructed below the bridge, going into camp in breastworks near the captured redan. We were preparing for another move, for Grant, having decided that Lee could not be forced from this position, concluded to flank him again. In this operation, the Second Corps was to cover the rear, and so held position on the north side of the river until morning of the 27th, when it, too, moved off, the Tenth breaking park about 10 o'clock. As we lay here, a random Rebel shell dropped among the thirty-sixth Wisconsin regiment that lay in rear of us, killing one man and wounnding three others. The County Bridge had been imper
was postponed until 5 P. M.) It may be desirable at this point to explain in brief the cause of this new movement. Gen. Grant, thinking that the attempt to force a passage across the Chickahominy, where the two opposing armies then lay, had littwhich the horses were unhitched and taken to the rear. This looked as if we had come to stay. We did not then know that Grant had determined to force the enemy's lines in this position at whatever cost. We feel sure, however, that our escape fromine at Cold Harbor, nearer to the enemy than that of any other. A siege of Lee's fortifications was now begun by order of Grant, with the view of carrying them by regular approaches. On arriving at our new position we found that our heavy artilled Harbor sketched by A. Waud. 1864 Harper's Weekly very offensive. Whereupon, on the afternoon of Sunday (the 5th), Gen. Grant sent a flag of truce to Lee, proposing to bury the dead and succor the wounded. June 5, 5 P. M. By direction of Gen. H
ourt House, a place distant less than three miles south-west of City Point, a despatch was handed Hancock, directed to Gen. Gibbon or any division commander, from Grant, urging expedition in getting to the assistance of Gen. Smith, who, it stated, had carried the outer works in front of Petersburg. Hancock now turned Birney's ands covered with clouds of dust, and but little water was found on the route, causing severe suffering among the men. Singular as it may seem, this despatch from Grant was the first intimation Hancock had received that Petersburg was to be attacked. Had Gen. Hancock or myself known that Petersburg was to be attacked, Petersbe missing.—Hancock's Report, Fifth Epoch. All hope of now succeeding in taking the city by assault was at an end, and so far as this was the object aimed at by Grant, the campaign was a failure. The experiment had cost our army ten thousand men. And now began the siege of Petersburg, and the strong earthworks to which Gen. Han
e Washington, the authorities of that city would be seized with such trepidation as would compel Grant to send a large part of Meade's army to protect it, and possibly would result in raising the siection, which resulted, as is well known, in exciting quite a commotion in the capital city, and Grant sent the Sixth Corps to meet the emergency. We were evidently not included in any party destiion near Chapin's Bluff, which commanded the enemy's pontoons across the river at this point. Gen. Grant must have been misinformed as to the location of these bridges. The lowest was above Drewry's1. and Sheridan's cavalry. Having attracted to my front so large a portion of Lee's army, Lieut. Gen. Grant thought it a favorable time to assault at Petersburg, and I was therefore instructed to popping its ponderous messengers into a Rebel fort at brief intervals. But the history of what Gen. Grant has fitly characterized in his report as This miserable affair, is too well known to need repe
ods, Battery headquarters were established, where we applied all our previous experience in building the neatest and cosiest quarters we had ever erected, and all the longer to be remembered because the last of their kind. Thus the whole of this newly acquired territory was in a sort time dotted with the white-roofed huts of the soldiery, and what we found a comparative solitude transformed into the stir and bustle of town life. Its sloughs were soon ribbed with corduroy, and in a few days Grant's modern marvel, the military railroad, was extended along the new lines, having its terminus a few rods in rear of our camp. The truce already mentioned as existing between the lines at Fort Welch was unbroken here, and the only firing heard was that of Rebel pickets directed Zzz. at members of their own side deserting to the Union army. Every night especially dark, brought squads of these men in, whom we saw marched past to corps headquarters, but with whom we rarely had opportuni
In conformity with instructions issued from Gen. Grant's headquarters on the 24th, and thence promuthe opinion entertained of the Second Corps by Grant, that in his report he should say: Thus theard at the Mine disaster. It was ordered by Gen. Grant preliminary to an assault by the Sixth and Nll hours. It was now definitely affirmed that Grant had given Lee the choice of surrendering or ren brief, as follows: At Farmville, the 7th, Grant wrote, asking the surrender of Lee's army. rote asking the terms of surrender. To this Grant immediately replied, stating generally the teroration of peace, and appointed a meeting with Grant to that end. Grant answered this on the morGrant answered this on the morning of April 9th, stating that lie had no authority to treat on the subject of peace, but that theof hostilities. Then followed a note from Gen. Grant, detailing the conditions of surrender, succas he (Lee) returned from his interview with Gen. Grant, he was greeted with the applause we were no[1 more...]
robriand's men formed line, faced and headed them. What a fat, jolly Frenchman Trobriand was! What a funny figure he cut on horseback! His short, stubby body, rigidly perpendicular with short, stubby legs projecting stiffly at right angles with his body the whole decorated with his scarlet Zouave uniform made a figure decidedly picturesque. Yet he was a good soldier withal, and popular with his command. Under this tree which stands in the angle of the Plank and Dabney roads, I saw Generals Grant, Meade, and Hancock holding a conference. It ought to be marked for the information of tourists. But no, that would ensure its destruction. Opposite the Dabney Road, in this clearing, was the second position taken by the Battery which Gen. Walker in his history of the Corps has omitted from his map of the field, presumably because it is not found on the memory sketch of Col.. Morgan, Hancock's Chief-of-Staff. Yet here fell Lieut. Henry H. Granger mortally wounded, here privates Alfr
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