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our revolutionary struggle with the mother country, but there is scarcely any analogy between the two cases. The thirteen Colonies were not like the Southern States, equal in political rights with the other States of the British Empire. They possessed no sovereign power whatever. They were not, as we were, entitled to representation in the common Parliament of the British Union, but were mere Colonies — mere dependencies upon the mother country. In an evil hour the administration of George Grenville, and afterward that of Lord North, attempted to impose an unjust tax upon the Colonies. This oppression was resisted, and the resistance was made the pretext for other oppression more unjust still. The Colonies continued their resistance in a constitutional way for near ten years, by representations, remonstrances, and petitions, for the redress of grievances; but all in vain. At length they took up arms, with the avowed object of enforcing such redress. They solemnly disclaimed all
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Grenville, George 1712- (search)
Grenville, George 1712- Statesman; born in England, Oct. 14, 1712. A graduate of Cambridge University, a fine mathematician, and a student of law, he gave promise of much usefulness. Entering Parliament in 1741, he represented Buckinghamshire for twenty-nine years, until his death, Nov. 13, 1770. In 1762 he was made secretary of state; chancellor of the exchequer and first lord of the treasury in 1763; and in 1764 he proposed the famous Stamp act (q. v.). He was the best business man in the House of Commons, but his statesmanship was narrow. Thomas Grenville, who was one of the agents employed in negotiating the treaty of peace in 1783, was his son.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Grenville, Sir Richard (search)
tered a storm off a point of land that nearly wrecked them, and they called it Cape Fear. George Grenville. They finally landed on Roanoke Island, with Manteo, whom they had brought back from England, and who had been created Lord of Roanoke. Grenville sent him to the mainland to announce the arrival of the English, and Lane and his principal companions soon followed the dusky peer. For silver cup was stolen from one of the Englishmen, and was not immediately restored on demand. Grenville ordered the whole town to be destroyed, with all the standing maize, or Indian corn, around it Francis). They gladly entered his ship and returned to England. About three weeks afterwards Grenville arrived there with three ships, laden with provisions. Leaving fifteen men on the deserted spot to keep possession of the country, Grenville again sailed for England. He afterwards, as vice-admiral, performed notable exploits against the Spaniards, but finally, in a battle with a large Span
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harriott, Thomas 1560-1621 (search)
Harriott, Thomas 1560-1621 Astronomer, historian, and friend of Sir Walter Raleigh; born in Oxford, England, in 1560. In 1585 he accompanied Raleigh's expedition to Virginia, under Grenville, as historian, and most of the knowledge of that expedition is derived from Harriott's account. He was left there by Grenville, and remained a year, making observations; and from the pencil of With, an artist, he obtained many useful drawings. Harriott labored hard to restrain the cupidity of his coGrenville, and remained a year, making observations; and from the pencil of With, an artist, he obtained many useful drawings. Harriott labored hard to restrain the cupidity of his companions, who were more intent upon finding gold than tilling the soil. While Governor Lane declared that Virginia had the goodliest soil under the cope of heaven, and if Virginia had but horses and kine, and were inhabited by English, no realm in Christendom were comparable to it, he utterly neglected the great opportunity. Harriott saw that the way to accomplish that object was to treat the Indians kindly, as friends and neighbors; and he tried to quench the fires of revenge which the cru
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jenkinson, Charles (search)
Jenkinson, Charles English politician; was private secretary to Lord Bute when he was the English premier, and, when he resigned, Jenkinson became the principal secretary of the treasury. He was an Oxford scholar, and, becoming personally acquainted with George III., when he was Prince of Wales, became devoted to his service. He had great tact in dealing with delicate personal matters, and so was fitted to please all; or, rather, not to offend any. He was chiefly instrumental in pushing forward the English ministry in their schemes for taxing the English-American colonists, and was really the author of Townshend's obnoxious bills and Grenville's Stamp Act. He held a place with Lord North at the Treasury board, in 1768, and was the chief instigator of that minister's bills for asserting the absolute authority of the Parliament over the American colonies.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lane, Sir Ralph 1530-1604 (search)
beth; commanded troops in Ireland, first in 1569, and again in 1583-84; and was sent from England with Sir Richard Granville, by Sir Walter Raleigh, to be governor of Virginia, in 1585. After his return from Virginia he was colonel in the expedition of Norris and Drake against Portugal in 1589, and in 1591 was mustermaster-general in Ireland. He was knighted by the lord-deputy in 1593. Lane's administration as governor of Virginia was fruitless of any good. By following the example of Grenville he exasperated the Indians. Had he been kind and wise the colony might have prospered; but he and his followers were greedy for gold, and only Harriott, the historian, acted like a sensible Christian. Lane had the gold fever severely, and all trusted more to fire-arms than to friendship to secure the good — will of the Indians. Sometimes the latter were treated with cruelty, and a flame of vengeance was kindled and kept alive. The Indians deceived the English with tales of gold-bearing
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stamp act, the (search)
posed it in New York in 1755; and in 1756 Governor Shirley, of Massachusetts, urged Parliament to adopt a stamp tax. In 1757 it was proposed to Pitt to tax the colonies. I will never burn my fingers with an American stamp tax, he said. But George Grenville, Pitt's brother-inlaw, bolder than his predecessors, proposed in 1764 a stamp tax to be extended to the colonies. It was delayed to await suggestions from the latter. The law required that for every skin or piece of vellum or parchmentthe House of Lords, including several bishops, who were for subduing the colonies with fire and sword, if necessary; but the vote for repeal stood 105 against 71. Soon afterwards a second protest, containing a vigorous defence of the policy of Grenville, and showing a disposition to enforce the Stamp Act at all hazards, was signed by twenty-eight peers. At that hour of efforts for conciliation five of the bishops solemnly recorded, on the journal of the House of Lords, their unrelenting enmit
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stamp act Congress, the (search)
Stamp act Congress, the Assembled in New York on Oct. 7, 1765, to consider Grenville's obnoxious scheme of taxation. It was organized by the choice of Timothy Ruggles, of Massachusetts, chairman, and John Cotten, clerk. The following representatives presented their credentials: Massachusetts—James Otis, Oliver Partridge, Timothy Ruggles. New York—Robert R. Livingston, John Cruger, Philip Livingston, William Bayard, Leonard Lispenard. New Jersey—Robert Ogden, Hendrick Fisher, Joseph Borden. Rhode Island—Metcalf Bowler, Henry Ward. Pennsylvania—John Dickinson, John Morton, George Bryan. Delaware— Thomas McKean, Caesar Rodney, Connecticut—Eliphalet Dyer, David Rowland, William S. Johnson. Maryland—William Murdock, Edward Tilghman, Thomas Ringgold. South Carolina—Thomas Lynch, Christopher Gadsden, John Rutledge. The Congress continued in session fourteen consecutive days, and adopted a Declaration of rights, written by John Cruger, a Petition to the King, written
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Index. (search)
234, 235, 238, 254, 279, 305 Good news from New England, 19 Goodrich, S. G., 240 Gookin, Daniel, 25, 27 Gordon, Thomas, 118 n. Gospel, the, 133 Gospel order revived, the, 55 Graham, Rev., David, 234 Grant, Anne McV., 311 Grave, 263, 271 Gray, Thomas, 171, 176, 177, 181, 183, 276, 278 Greeley, Horace, 276 Green, Rev., Joseph, 153, 160 Green Mountain boy, the, 228 Green Mountain boys, the, 310 Greene, General, 315 Greenfield Hill, 163, 164, 165 Grenville, George, 126 Greyslaer, 225 n., 310 Gridley, Jeremy, 114, 121 Gronov, J. F. (Gronovius), 195 Grotius, 193 Group, the, 175, 217, 218 Growth of Thanatopsis, the, 262 n. Grund, F. G., 190 Guardian, 116 Gulliver's travels, 118 Guy Mannering, 292 Guy Rivers, 314 Gyles, John, 7 H Hackett, J. H., 221, 228, 231 Haie, Edward, 1 Hakluyt, Richard, I, 3, 16, 18 Hall, Captain, Basil, 207 Hall, David, 96 Hall, James, 211, 318 Hallam, Henry, 250 Hallam, L
seals for the Northern Department. Those of the Southern, which included the colonies, were intrusted to the Duke of Bedford. The new secretary was a man of inflexible honesty and good — will to his country, untainted by duplicity or timidity. His abilities were not brilliant; but his inheritance of the rank and fortune of his elder brother gave him political consideration. In 1744, he had entered the Pelham ministry as First Lord of the Admiralty, bringing with him to that board George Grenville and the Earl of Sandwich. In that station his orders to Warren contributed essentially to the conquest of Louisburg. Thus his attention was drawn to the New World as the scene of his own glory. In the last war he had cherished the darling project of conquering Canada, and the great and practicable views for America were said by Pitt to have sprung from him alone. Proud of his knowledge of trade, and accustomed to speak readily on almost every subject, he entered without distrust on
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