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as bringing up nearly twenty thousand more, against whom, as Lee expressed it, he could oppose scarcely a vidette. Sherman was approaching from North Carolina, and his force when united with Scofield's would reach eighty thousand. It was impossible, and yet it was after this, that Gordon made his charge. South of Hatcher's Run, at the very westernmost part of the Confederate entrenchments, Sheridan fell upon the Confederate flank. It was a complete victory. With General Merritt and General Griffin sweeping in, the cavalry charged the works and five thousand Confederates were taken prisoners, besides those killed and wounded. The Federal loss was less than seven hundred. This was the last day of March. Lined up here we see some of these captured thousands about to receive their first square meal in many months. April second--where Lee watched From this mound General Lee watched the final Federal attack begin near Hatcher's Run on the morning of April 2, 1865. It was a
ossession of it only after the most desperate fighting from traverse to traverse. Even then, after a breathing space, the Confederates, in a brave assault, recaptured a portion of the works and held on until driven back by a brilliant charge of Griffin's men. Cheering the victors of Petersburg, April 3d Here, on the gabioned parapet of Fort Hell (Sedgwick), the garrison left behind, with shouts and waving of hats and firing of muskets, are signalling their enthusiasm at the success of t. D. H. Maury's land forces, five gunboats under Commodore Farrand. Losses: Union, 213 killed, 1211 wounded; Confed., 500 killed and wounded, 3000 to 4000 captured. March 29, 1865: Quaker Road, Va. Union, Warren's Fifth Corps and Griffin's First Division, Army of the Potomac; Confed., Part of Gen. R. E. Lee's Army. Losses: Union, 55 killed, 306 wounded; Confed., 135 killed, 400 wounded, 100 missing. March 31, 1865: Boydton and White Oak roads, Va. Union, Second
's Germans were there, a reserve division in gray from head to foot. There were a few troops of regular cavalry, their jackets gaudy with yellow braid and brazen shoulder scales. There were the grim regular batteries of Carlisle, Ricketts, and Griffin, their blouses somber, but the cross cannon on their caps gleaming with polish, such being the way of the regular. It was even more marvelous, later, when McClellan had come to organize the vast array into brigades and divisions, and to bring oain Bridge were roused to a sudden thrill of excitement at the roar of cannon in brisk action on the Lewinsville road. General Baldy Smith had sent out a reconnaissance. It had stumbled into a hornet's nest of Confederates; it needed help, and Griffin's regulars galloped forward and into battery. For twenty minutes there was a thunderous uproar. A whole division stood to arms. The firing ended as suddenly as it began, but not so the excitement. To all but two regiments within hearing that
e first of the boy generals Surrounded by his staff, some of whom are older than he, sits Adelbert Ames (third from the left), a brigadiergen-eral at twenty-eight. He graduated fifth in his class at West Point on May 6, 1861, and was assigned to the artillery service. It was while serving as first-lieutenant in the Fifth Artillery that he distinguished himself at Bull Run and was brevetted major for gallant and meritorious service. He remained upon the field in command of a section of Griffin's battery, directing its fire after being severely wounded, and refusing to leave the field until too weak to sit upon the caisson, where he had been placed by the men of this command. For this he was awarded a medal of honor. About a year later he again distinguished himself, at the battle of Malvern Hill. He then became colonel of the Twentieth Maine Infantry, from his native State, and on the twentieth of May, 1863, was made brigadier-general of volunteers. He had a distinguished par
anger, not in pride: to heroes living and dear martyrs dead’ Dedication of First Bull Run Monument, June 10, 1865.—A little more than a month before Lowell read his lofty ode for the sons of Harvard who had fallen in the Civil War, the group here preserved by the camera assembled to do honor to the ‘dear martyrs’ who fell in the first great battle of the conflict. The site was on the hillside in front of the stone house, at the spot where on the afternoon of July 21, 1861, Ricketts and Griffin lost their batteries. In that battle the Federal forces had been entirely successful until early in the afternoon. Then the Confederates rallied on the brow of this hill, and the ground on which these men and women are gathered was the scene of a fierce struggle. The batteries were alternately captured by the Confederates and retaken by the Union forces, until the arrival of fresh troops in gray threw the Federal army into confusion and precipitated the panic of retreat. At the time o
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 9. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Reminiscences of the army of Northern Virginia. (search)
d, We have whipped them out of their boots. He was also chuckling over the following note, which was left for him with a citizen by his old West Point comrade, Griffin: Dear beauty, --I have called to see you, and regret very much that you are not in. Can't you dine with me at Willard's to-morrow? Keep your black horse off me. Your old friend, Griffin. To this note Stuart made the following reply: Dear Griffin,--I heard that you had called, and hastened to see you, but as soon as you saw me coming, you were guilty of the discourtesy of turning your back on me. However, you probably hurried on to Washington to get the dinner ready.Griffin,--I heard that you had called, and hastened to see you, but as soon as you saw me coming, you were guilty of the discourtesy of turning your back on me. However, you probably hurried on to Washington to get the dinner ready. I hope to dine at Willard's, if not to-morrow, certainly before long. Yours to count on, beauty. Stuart was made a Brigadier-General for his gallantry and skill on the outposts, and wrote Colonel Hill, who was then comanding the brigade, a most complimentary letter concerning the conduct of the Thirteenth Virginia regiment
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 9. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Notes and Queries. (search)
Lewinsville, September 11th, 1861. My Dear Beauty,--I am sorry that circumstances are such that I can't have the pleasure of seeing you, although so near you. Griffin says he would like to have you dine with him at Willard's at 5 o'clock on Saturday next. Keep your Black horse off me if you please. Yours, &c., (Signed, Poe., Lt. U. S. Top'l Eng'r. J. E. B. Stuart, Esq., Commanding cavalry near Fall's Church. In care of whoever finds this. Please answer both the note and Griffin's invitation. Upon the back of this sheet is the following in Stuart's own hand-writing: I have the honor to report that circumstances were such that they could have seen me if they had stopped to look behind, and I answered both at the canon's mouth. Judging from his speed, Griffin surely left for Washington to hurry up the dinner. (Signed), J. E. B. Stuart. We print the following letter in the hope that some one will be able to send the information desired by the gal
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 9. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Notes and Queries. (search)
of the First battalion Virginia artillery (composed of the old Rockbridge battery, Dance's Powhatan battery, one company of the Richmond Howitzers, and Griffin's Salem battery) who in the beginning of the war in Virginia had fired the first guns from the army --meaning the Howitzers at Big Bethel in May, 1861,--and to day, after firing the last shots from the Army of Northern Virginia, had retired in as good order as though they were leaving the parade ground, meaning this last to apply to Griffin's battery, which was stationed just in the village; and if any artillery was fired after this battery ceased firing the sound was not heard within a mile of Appomattox Courthouse, or within General Gordon's hearing. Respectfully, N. B. Johnston. What Infantry Regiment accompanied General Stuart to Ely's Ford the night Jackson was wounded at Chancellorsville? The following letter from our friend, Major H. B. McClellan, explains itself and will, we hope, elicit the desired informat
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Notes on Ewell's division in the campaign of 1862. (search)
y Dr. McGuire. Next day General Trimble was wounded in the leg by an explosive ball, and Lieutenant-Colonel Fulton, Twenty-first North Carolina, the only field officer present, having been wounded the day before, the command of the brigade fell to Captain Feagan, of the Fifteenth Alabama. Colonel Forno, Fifth and Colonel York, Fourteenth Louisiana, having been wounded on Friday, Colonel Henry Strong, Sixth Louisiana, was left in command of the brigade. In Lawton's brigade Majors Berry and Griffin were wounded, the former in four places. Colonel George Smith of Early's brigade, was again wounded. This list is only partial, as I left the division with General Ewell on Thursday, and have not since been with it. After Major Wheat's death his battalion became totally disorganized and was ordered by the Secretary of War to be disbanded, the men being drafted into the other regiments of the brigade. This was done while on the Rapidan, near Raccoon Ford, after the battle of Cedar Run,
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General Ewell's report of the Pennsylvania campaign. (search)
fications of Winchester were only assailable on the west and north-west, from a range of hills which commanded the ridge occupied by their main fortification. The force there was represented at from 6,000 to 8,000 under General Milroy. On the 13th I sent Early's division and Colonel Brown's artillery battalion (under Captain Dance) to Newtown on the Valley pike, where they were joined by the Maryland battalion of infantry, Lieutenant-Colonel Herbert, and the Baltimore Light Artillery, Captain Griffin. General Early was directed to advance towards the town by the Valley pike. The same day Johnson's division, preceded by Newman's cavalry, drove in the enemy's pickets on the Front Royal and Winchester road, and formed line of battle two miles from town preparatory to an attack. After some skirmishing, the enemy opened from a battery near the Milwood road, and Carpenter's battery (Lieutenant Lamber commanding) was placed by Lieutenant-Colonel Andrews to the left of the Front Royal roa
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