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promise. Thus the State-rights men of Kentucky lost the leadership of the only man then able to rally them into a compact organization. Though numerous, and ready for any enterprise, no name of acknowledged authority appeared at their head. Mr. Guthrie had renounced his place with them, and was openly acting with the unconditional submissionists. The Governor, Magoffin, was unequal to the difficulties by which he was surrounded. William Preston was absent, as minister to Spain. Humphrey M-rights party; but the Legislature suffered from all the dissensions which had produced the schisms in that opposition which had lately been vanquished by the solid minority that elected Lincoln. Under the urgent advice of veteran leaders, like Guthrie and Crittenden, entreating time for compromise, the trimmers and waverers got possession of the government and of the public confidence. It seemed so much better to trust those who promised peace than men who called for armament, expenditure, a
on the bed, and fixing his eyes on a spot in the ceiling asked me this question, Speed, what is your pecuniary condition? are you rich or poor? I answered, addressing him by his new title, Mr. President, I think I can anticipate what you are going to say. I'll speak candidly to you on the subject. My pecuniary condition is satisfactory to me now; You would perhaps call it good. I do not think you have within your gift any office I could afford to take. Mr. Lincoln then proposed to make Guthrie, of Kentucky, Secretary of War, but did not want to write to him-asked me to feel of him. I did as requested, but the Kentucky statesman declined on the ground of his advanced age, and consequent physical inability to fill the position. He gave substantial assurance of his loyal sentiments, however, and insisted that the Union should be preserved at all hazards. Late in January Mr. Lincoln informed me that he was ready to begin the preparation of his inaugural address. He had, aside f
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 11: Kentucky. (search)
ecession leaders who raised companies to serve in the field, despairing of obtaining commissions, arms, and active duty from Governor Magoffin, quietly departed to obtain enlistment in the various rebel camps of the South. On the other hand, there were many unconditional Unionists in Kentucky who openly scouted the policy of neutrality, and who from the first were eager that the Government should begin enlistments and gather an armed force to support the Union sentiment in the State. Colonels Guthrie and Woodruff opened a recruiting office on the Ohio side of the river, and as early as May 6th mustered two regiments into service, nominally as the First and Second Kentucky Volunteers, though in reality the men were principally from Ohio and Indiana. Notwithstanding the contumacious refusals of the Governors of the Border Slave States, President Lincoln was not disposed to give up those States as lost. We have seen that, both in Maryland and Missouri, he authorized direct enlistm
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Index. (search)
eral J. C., 133 Frost, D. M., 117 et seq. G. Gainesville, Va., 181 Gamble, Hamilton R., 125 Garnett, General, 146, 154 Georgia, attitude of, with regard to secession, 2, 8, 12; secession of, 13 et seq. Gist, Governor of South Carolina, his circular letter, 1, 8, 27 Gosport Navy Yard, destruction of, 96 et seq. Grafton, 142 et seq., 146 Grant, General U. S., 134 Great Bethel, Va., engagement at, 172 Green, Captain, 117 Griffin, Captain, 188, 191, 192 Guthrie, Colonel, 131 H. Hagerstown, Md., 157 Hamlin, Hannibal, 76 Harney, General, 119 et seq. Harper's Ferry, United States Armory at, 83; capture of, by rebels, 95, 98; retaken from the rebels, 157; weakness of, 158; destroyed by Johnston, 161 Harrisburg, 100 Hayne, I. W., 35, 37 Heintzelman, General S. P., commands Third Division on advance to Manassas, 174 Henry House, the, 187 Hickman, Ky., 134 Hicks, Governor, 83, 88 et seq., 94 Houston, Governor, his scheme
t it became necessary to burn many of the dead. When we reached Washington we found Mr. Davis had rented a furnished house on Thirteenth Street, temporarily, and Mr. and Mrs. Richard Brodhead were taking care of him in my absence. Here Mr. Guthrie, who was much esteemed and beloved by our whole family, used to come in the evening and talk his strong common-sense. Sometimes he favored me with shrewd criticisms of men and things. Once he was very indignant with Mr. Cushing for ripping out his scientific stuff to impress me; but I have found, and so told Mr. Cushing, that I do not know much, but things I do know well, he does not. Once Mr. Guthrie sat down in one of the trumpery chairs in our furnished house, and being very tired, dropped asleep. He was a very large man and proved too much for the chair, so it gave way with a crack which wakened him. He rose deliberately, examined the chair for some minutes, then looked at me quizzically, and said, You know a man is heavier
McLEAN, Assistant Adjutant-General. Saint Louis, March 21, 1862. Major-General Buell, Nashville : General: There seems to be a good many complaints about paroled prisoners of war in Louisville. Would it not be well to send them away, the officers to Columbus and the privates to Indianapolis If any were sent there from Fort Donelson it was without my knowledge or authority, except in one single case, where the officer was sick, and his parole was asked for as a particular favor by Messrs. Guthrie and Prentice, who agreed to take charge of him. I permit all officers of posts, &c., to give furloughs to our sick soldiers on surgeons' certificates. This is undoubtedly sometimes abused, but it frees our hospitals and is economical to the Government. Moreover where the men are permitted to return to their own States to be nursed by their friends they recover much sooner. In all matters connected with the military administration of your army and district you will act according
Rebellion Record: Introduction., Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore), Contents of Thie first volume. (search)
9 54.The President to the Virginia Commissioners,61 55.New York City--the feeling in,61 56.Beauregard's General Orders,63 57.President Lincoln's Proclamation for 75,000 Volunteers, and Comments of the Press,64 58.Mayor Wood's Proclamation,69 59.Gov. Letcher's Proclamation,70 60.Virginia Ordinance of Secession,70 61.Jeff. Davis' Proclamation — Letters of Marque,71 61 1/2.Tennessee, Address to the People of,71 62.Lieut. Jones' Report concerning Harper's Ferry,72 63.Louisville, Ky.--Guthrie's and Dixon's Speeches,72 64.Major Anderson's Official Report,76 65.Maryland--Gov. Hicks' Proclamation. Baltimore--Mayor Brown's Proclamation,76 66.N. Y. Chamber of Commerce.--Resolutions77 67.President Lincoln's Blockade Proclamation,78 68.General Scott's General Orders78 69.The Baltimore Riot,78 70.Baltimore--Mayor Brown to Gov. Andrew, and Reply,80 71.N. Y. 7th Regiment--Departure for Washington,80 72.Massachusetts 8th Regiment — Officers, &c.,81 73.Fort Moultrie--Report in Ch
een performed. The modern anaesthetic agents are: cold applications, protoxide of nitrogen (laughing-gas), chloroform, ether, amylene, kerosolene. Sir Humphry Davy suggested the use of protoxide of nitrogen as an anaesthetic agent in surgical operations. It was used by Dr. Wells of Hartford, Conn., in 1844, in dental operations. It has now attained great favor. Chloroform is a terchloride of formyle (the hypothetical radical of formic acid). Its discovery is claimed by Soubeiran, Guthrie, and Liebig, whose claims have about an even date, 1831. The verdict seems to have settled in favor of the former. Its first use as an anaesthetic was by Dr. Simpson of Edinburgh, 1847. Hydrate of chloral has recently become quite unpleasantly prominent in the list of anodynes, sedatives, and hypnotics. Ether was known to the earliest chemists. The discovery of its use as an anaesthetic was made by Dr. Jackson or Dr. Morton of Boston, in 1846. A contest ensued between the parties
hing made of gold, which they call in chymistry Aurum Fulminans, a grain, I think he said, of it, put into a silver spoon and fired, will give a blow like a musquett, and strike a hole through the silver spoon. — Pepys, 1663. A fulminating powder which explodes when heated to 360° may be made of niter, 3 parts; dry carbonate of potash, 2 parts; sulphur, 1 part. The following patents may be consulted by those desirous of ascertaining the ingredients of various patented fulminates: — Guthrie1834.Boldt1866. Kling1857.Rand1867. Ruschaupt et al.1862.Goldmark1867. Lipps1864.Ruschaupt1868. Stockwell1865. Fumi-ga′tor. An apparatus for applying smoke, gas, or perfume: — 1. To destroy insects or vermin in their holes, or upon clothing, trees, or plants. 2. To destroy infection or miasma in buildings, ships, clothing, or feathers. 3. To diffuse a fragrant or invigorating perfume through an apartment or ward. 4. To suffuse the lungs with a soothing or healing vap
ly applying medicated vapors or anaesthetic agents. 4. An apparatus to enable a fireman, miner, or diver to work in a poisonous or heated atmosphere, or in water, carrying with him a supply of vital air. See diving. Inhalers. Dr. Priestley's letter, speaking of Gaseous oxyd of Septon (dephlogisticated nitrous air), was addressed to one of the editors of the New York Medical repository, and was republished in the London Monthly magazine, June 1, 1800. Chloroform was discovered by Guthrie, Souberain, or Liebig, about 1831, but its valuable properties as an anaesthetic were not appreciated until 1847. Dr. Morton of Boston, and Professor Simpson of Edinborough, discovered its applicability to this purpose almost simultaneously in 1847. See ANAeSTHETIC apparatus. Morton's inhalation apparatus, November 13, 1847, has a chamber to hold the sponge, and two lateral openings through which respectively enter the atmospheric air and pass out the air impregnated with the vapor of
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