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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Halleck, Henry wager 1815- (search)
Halleck, Henry wager 1815- Military officer; born in Westernville, Oneida co., N. Y., Jan. 16, 1815; graduated at West Point in 1839, entering the engineer corps. Until June, 1840, he was assistant professor at West Point, and from 1841 to 1844 was employed on the fortifications in New York Harbor. In 1845 he visited the military establishments of Europe. In the winter of 1845-46 he delivered at the Lowell Institute, Boston, a series of lectures on the science of war, afterwards publishwas appointed general-in-chief, and held that post until superseded by Grant, when he became chief of staff of the army, remaining such till April, 1865, when he was placed in command of the Military Division of the James, with his headquarters at Richmond. In August he was transferred to the Division of the Pacific, and in March, 1869, to that of the South, with headquarters at Louisville, where he died Jan. 9, 1872. General Halleck published several works upon military and scientific topics.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hamilton, Schuyler 1822- (search)
n New York City, July 25, 1822; graduated at West Point in 1841; served in the war with Mexico; and was acting aide to General Scott. He was severely wounded in a hand-to-hand engagement with Mexicans. He was bre vetted captain, and remained on Scott's staff until 1854. He left the army in 1855, but on the fall of Sumter (1861) he joined the 7th New York Regiment as a private. He became aide to General Butler at Annapolis, and soon entered the military family of General Scott at Washington. He was made brigadier-general in November, 1861, and accompanied General Halleck to Missouri, where he commanded the district of St. Louis. In February, 1862, he commanded a division of Pope's army; and by the planning and construction of a canal, greatly assisted in the capture of New Madrid and Island number ten (q. v.). In September, 1862, he was made major-general of volunteers. He resigned in February, 1863; and was hydrographic engineer for the New York department of docks in 1871-75.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harper's Ferry, (search)
ce of available artillery, with only one troop of raw cavalry, and a total force of not more than 10,000 men, mostly undisciplined, to confront Johnston with fully 15,000 drilled troops. Patterson prudently recrossed the Potomac, and remained on the Maryland side until the beginning of July. While Lee was in Maryland, in September, 1862, Harper's Ferry, where a large amount of stores had been gathered, was held by National troops, under Col. D. H. Miles. When that post was threatened, Halleck instructed McClellan to succor the garrison, and on the day of the struggle at Turner's Gap (see South Mountain) he ordered Miles to hold out to the last extremity. Meanwhile Jackson, by quick movements, had crossed the Potomac at Williamsport, and at noon on Sept. 13 he was in the rear of Harper's Ferry. The Confederates were then in possession of Loudon Heights and also of Maryland Heights, which commanded Harper's Ferry. That post was completely invested by the Confederates on the 14t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Henry, Fort (search)
Of the latter, twenty-nine were wounded and scalded on the gunboat Essex by steam let out of the boilers by the piercing of a 32-pound shell. As it passed it took off a portion of the head of Lieut. S. B. Britton, the aide of Captain Porter, of the Essex. This victory was a very important one. The Nationals were now fairly planted in the rear of the Confederates at Columbus, Ky.; and if they should capture Fort Donelson, on the Cumberland, the Confederates believed their cause would be ruined in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Missouri. The first great step towards the capture of Fort Donelson had been taken. Halleck telegraphed to McClellan, Fort Henry is Map of Fort Henry. ours! The flag of the Union is re-established on the soil of Tennessee. It will never be removed. The Secretary of the Navy wrote to Foote: The country appreciates your gallant deeds, and this department desires to convey to you and your brave associates its profound thanks for the service you have rendered.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lieber, Francis 1800- (search)
and his addresses (published) on anniversary and other special occasions were numerous. While in the South he had warmly combated the doctrine of State supremacy, and when the Civil War broke out he was one of the most earnest and persistent supporters of the government. In 1863 he was one of the founders of the Loyal publication Society. More than 100 pamphlets were published under his supervision, of which ten were written by himself. He wrote, at the request of the general-in-chief (Halleck), Guerilla parties, considered with reference to the law and usages of War, which was often quoted in Europe during the Franco-German War, and his Instructions for the government of the armies of the United States in the field was directed by the President to be promulgated in a general order (No. 100) of the War Department. Numerous essays on public subjects followed. He was an advocate for free-trade, and wrote vigorously on the subject. In 1865 he was appointed superintendent of a bur
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McPherson, James Birdseye 1828- (search)
McPherson, James Birdseye 1828- Military officer; born in Sandusky, O., Nov. 14, 1828; graduated at West Point in 1853. the first in his class, and entered the engineer corps. He was made captain 17th Corps with great ability, having been in August, 1861, and brigadier-general of volunteers in May, 1862. He was aide to General Halleck late in 1861, and chief engineer of the Army of the Tennessee, doing good service at Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth, and luka Springs. In December, 1862, he commanded the made major-general in October. He did admirable service, under Grant, in the Vicksburg campaign (1863), and was made brigadier-general in the United States army in August. He was also active and efficient in the Atlanta campaign, in 1864, distinguishing himself everywhere as commander of the army of the Tennessee. He was killed while James Birdseye McPherson. reconnoitring in the Confederate lines july 22, 1864.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maryland, State of. (search)
nfederates, and vast quantities of valuable property were sent north from the latter city for safety. Even New York seemed menaced. The remainder of Lee's army crossed the Potomac on the 24th and 25th, and pressed on after Ewell towards the Susquehanna. Hooker's army, now fully 100,000 strong, crossed the river at Edwards's Ferry. Regarding Harper's Ferry, at that moment, of little account, he asked for the abandonment of that vicinity by 11,000 National troops. The general-in-chief (Halleck) would not consent, and Hooker, at his own request, was at once relieved of his command, and was superseded by Gen. George C. Meade on June 28. At the beginning of July, 1864, Maryland was invaded by the Confederates for Confederates crossing the Potomac. the third time. The Confederate General Early had been gathering troops for the purpose in the Shenandoah Valley, and with from 15,000 to 20,000 men, of all arms, he swept rapidly down the valley towards Williamsport. General Sigel,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Memphis, capture of (search)
by a Confederate flotilla under Capt. J. S. Hollins and 3,000 troops under Gen. Jeff. M. Thompson, who occupied a military work on the bluffs, called Fort Pillow, then in command of General Villepigue, an accomplished engineer. On April 14, 1862, Foote began a siege of Fort Pillow with his mortar-boats, and soon drove Hollins to the shelter of that work. Pope, whose troops had landed on the Arkansas shore, was unable to co-operate, because the country was flooded, and being soon called by Halleck to Shiloh, Foote was. left to operate alone. He was finally compelled to turn over the command to Capt. C. H. Davis on account of the painfulness of a wound he had received at Fort Donelson. On May 10 Hollins attacked Davis, but was repulsed, notwithstanding he was aided by the heavy guns of Fort Pillow. For more than a fortnight afterwards the belligerent fleets watched each other, when a ram squadron, commanded by Col. Charles Ellet, Jr., joined Davis's flotilla and prepared to attack