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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 23 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carlin, William Passmore 1829- (search)
Carlin, William Passmore 1829- Military officer; born in Greene county, Ill., Nov. 24, 1829; was graduated at West Point in 1850, and was in the Sioux expeditions under General Harney in 1855. and under General Sumner against the Cheyennes in 1857. He was in the Utah expedition in 1858; and did efficient service in Missouri for the Union in the early part of the Civil War, where he commanded a district until March, 1862. He commanded a brigade under Generals Steele and Pope, which bore a prominent part in the battle of Stone River (q. v.). In the operations in northern Georgia late in 1863, and in the Atlanta campaign the next year, he was very active. In the famous march to the sea he commanded a division in the 14th Corps; and was with Sherman in his progress through the Carolinas, fighting at Bentonville. He was brevetted major-general, U. S. A. in 1893; and was retired Nov. 24 of that year.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cerro Gordo, battle of (search)
ured a victory. That order appeared almost prophetic. On the 18th the attack commenced, and very severe was the struggle. It was fought in a wild place in the mountains. On one side was a deep, dark river; on the other was a frowning declivity of rock 1,000 feet in height, bristling with batteries; while above all arose the strong fortress of Cerro Gordo. The place had to be taken by storm; and the party chosen to do the work was composed of the regulars of Twiggs's division, led by Colonel Harney. Victory followed the efforts of skill and bravery, and strong Cerro Gordo fell. Velasquez, the commander of the fortress, was killed; and the Mexican standard was hauled down by Serg. Thomas Henry. Santa Ana with Almonte and other generals, and 8,000 troops, escaped; the remainder were made prisoners. Santa Ana attempted to fly with his carriage, which contained a large amount of specie; but it was over turned, when, mounting a mule take from the carriage harness, he fled to the mo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harney, William Selby 1798-1889 (search)
Harney, William Selby 1798-1889 Military officer; born in Louisiana in 1798; entered the army while quite young; was in the Black Hawk War; and was made lieutenant-colonel of dragoons in 1836. Ten years later he was colonel. He served in the Florida, or Seminole, War (q. v.), and in the war with Mexico. In 1848 he was brevetsession of the island of San Juan, near Vancouver, which England claimed to be a part of British Columbia, and which the United States soon afterwards evacuated. Harney then commanded the Department of the West; and in April. 1861, while on his way to Washington, he was arrested by the Confederates at Harper's Ferry, Va., and takis, issued proclamations warning the people of Missouri of the dangers of secession. In consequence of an unauthorized truce with Price, the Confederate leader. Harney was relieved of his command. He retired in August, 1863; was brevetted major-general, United States army, in March, 1865; and was a member of the Indian Commissi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ingalls, Rufus 1820-1893 (search)
Ingalls, Rufus 1820-1893 Military officer; born in Denmark, Me., Aug. 23, 1820; graduated at West Point in 1843, entering the rifles, but was transferred to the dragoons in 1845. He served in the war with Mexico, and was on the staff of General Harney on the Pacific coast. In April, 1861, he went with Colonel Brown to reinforce Fort Pickens; and in July was ordered to the Army of the Potomac, where he was upon the staff of General McClellan, with the rank of lieutenantcolonel. He was chief quartermaster of that army from 1862 to 1865; was made brigadier-general of volunteers in May, 1863, and was brevetted major-general, U. S. A. and U. S. V., March 13, 1865. He was in most of the battles of the Army of the Potomac from that of South Mountain to the surrender of Lee at Appomattox. He died in New York City, Jan. 16, 1893.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Missouri, (search)
in State bonds for war purposes. He was also authorized to purchase arms, and the whole military power of the State was placed under his control. Meanwhile General Harney had issued a proclamation denouncing the bill as an indirect secession ordinance, and null; yet, anxious for peace, he was ready to pursue a conciliatory poliecuring of the neutrality of Missouri in the impending conflict. Price, in the name of the governor, pledged the power of the State to the maintenance of order. Harney, in the name of his government, agreed to make no military movements as long as order was preserved. The loyal people were alarmed, for they well knew the governor would violate his pledge. The national government did not sanction the compact. General Harney was relieved of his command, and on May 29 Lyon, who had been commissioned (May 16) a brigadier-general, was put in his place and made commander of the Department of Missouri. The purse and sword of Missouri were in the hands of t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pleasonton, Alfred 1824-1897 (search)
Pleasonton, Alfred 1824-1897 Military officer; born in Washington, D. C., June 7, 1824; graduated at West Point in 1844, entering the dragoons. He served in the war against Mexico, and afterwards in California, New Mexico, and Texas. For several years he was assistant adjutantgeneral and adjutant-general to General Harney, and in the fall of 1861 was acting colonel of the 2d Cavalry. He was made brigadier-general of volunteers in July, 1862, and took command of Stoneman's cavalry brigade, leading the van when McClellan crossed the Potomac, in October. Pleasonton was in the battles at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, and was afterwards efficient in driving Price out of Missouri, in 1864. In March, 1865, he was brevetted major-general United States army for meritorious services during the rebellion. He resigned his commission in 1868, and was placed on the retired list as colonel in 1888. He died in Washington, D. C., Feb. 17, 1897.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Reavis, Logan Uriah 1831-1889 (search)
Reavis, Logan Uriah 1831-1889 Editor; born in Sangamon Bottom, Ill., March 26, 1831; purchased an interest in the Beardstown Gazette which he afterwards changed to the Central Illinoian. He removed to St. Louis, Mo., in 1866, and became prominent as an advocate for the removal of the seat of government from Washington to St. Louis. He is the author of the Life of Horace Greeley; The life of William S. Harney; St. Louis, the future Great City of the World; A Change of National Empire; The New Republic, or the Transition Complete, etc. He died in St. Louis, Mo., April 25, 1889.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), South Dakota, State of (search)
he river May 14, 1804, reaching the mouth of the Columbia River Nov. 7, 1805; and returning by the Missouri, arrive at St. Louis......Sept. 23, 1806 Fort Pierre established......1829 First steamboat to navigate the upper Missouri, the Yellowstone, built by the American Fur Company at Pittsburg, ascends the river as far as Fort Pierre......1831 Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by the Indians, ceding to the United States the territory east of the Big Sioux River......1851 Gen. W. S. Harney, with 1,200 men, marches from the Platte River to Fort Pierre, where they encamp for the winter......1855 First settlement established at Sioux Falls by the Western Town-lot Company, of Dubuque, Ia......1857 By organizing Nebraska Territory, May 30, 1854, and Minnesota State, May 11, 1858, the remainder of Dakota is left without legal name or existence......1858 Territory of Dakota organized with an area of 150,932 square miles, by act of Congress......March 2, 1861 Seat