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g the place in the ranks assigned to his master. It is stated that, after the close of the war, quite a number who had thus earned their freedom were constrained to sue for it; and that the Courts of the Old Dominion --which had not yet discovered that a slave has no will, and so can make no legal and binding contract — uniformly sustained the action, and gave judgment that compelled the master to act as if he had been honest. The Legislature felt constrained, in 1783, to provide by law Hening's Statutes at Large of Virginia, vol. XI., p. 308. that every slave who had enlisted upon the strength of such a promise should be set free accordingly; to which end, the Attorney-General was required to commence an action in favor of every such patriot soldier thereafter unjustly restrained of his liberty, who should be entitled, upon due proof of his averment, not only to his freedom, but to damages for past injury in withholding and denying it. South Carolina John Adams, in his Diary
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Newport's News. Nomen non Locus. (search)
along the lower side, * * * with all the lands belonging to the Mills, and so down to Newport's News, with the families of Skowen's damms and Persimmon Ponds. --[Hening's Statutes at Large, Edit. 1809.] Creed Taylor and William Munford, authorized examiners, certify at Richmond, Va., on the 1st September, 1809, that they have carefully compared the laws in Hening's volumes with the original manuscripts and find them to be correctly printed. They say that the terminating syllable teon, which is invariably written in the earlier part of the manuscripts con, is printed [in Hening] as it is now spelt tion. And they add that no other material variation frHening] as it is now spelt tion. And they add that no other material variation from the ancient orthography has been observed. As you have seen, I have herein produced four instances of the mode in which the name was uniformly spelled (viz., as Newport's News) in public official documents between the years 1622 and 1643; and it is to be noted that in none of the official documents of that period and later i
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 19. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.18 (search)
n the Code without modification until the period of the American Revolution, as Hening's Statutes verify. Religious liberty is a priceless boon. The Established Ciberty to agree with and pay their minister as their circumstances will admit. Hening's Statutes, Volume III, page 478. In 1730, the German Protestants at Germanna,ed with being so far an Anabaptist as to be against the baptizing of children. Hening, Volume II, page 199. I recall among the treasures of the very interesting musegerous and scandalous people, since thereby we apparently lose our reputation. Hening, Volume II, page 510. In 1671 Captains Bristow and Walker were made to give sectantially the wants of the people. Article VIII of the Assembly of 1623-24, Hening, volume I., page 124. declares that the Governor shall not lay any taxes or ymps were offered for the production of silk, flax, and other staple commodities. Hening, Volume I, page 169. Mr. Meredith, whose able address I have referred to, c
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 32. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The ironclad ram Virginia-Confederate States Navy, [from the Richmond, Va., News-leader, April 1, 1904.] (search)
When the Virginia steamed over from Norfolk to engage the Federal fleet, her officers were: Flag officer, Franklin Buchanan; executive, Lieutenant Catesby A. R. Jones; lieutenants, Charles C. Simms, R. D. Minor, Hunter Davidson, J. Taylor Wood, J. R. Eggleston and Walter Butt; midshipmen, Fonte, Marmaduke, Littlepage, Craig, Long and Roote; paymaster, James Semple; surgeon, Dinwiddie B. Phillips; assistant surgeon, Algernon S. Garnett; captain of marines, Reuben Thom; engineers, H. A. Ramsey; acting chief, Tynan, Campbell, Hening, Jack and White; boatswain, Hasker; gunner, Oliver; carpenter, Lindsey; clerk, Arthur Sinclair, Jr.; volunteer aid, Lieutenant Douglas F. Forrest; Confederate States army, Captain Kevill, commanding detachment of Norfolk United Artillery; signal corps, Sergeant Tabb. [Our impression is that this list is incomplete; that Dr. Bennett Wood Green served on the Virginia as assistant surgeon, and the late Virginius Newton of Richmond, as midshipman.—editor.
they already regarded the country as a province of their native land. Ribault determined to leave a colony; twenty-six composed the whole party, which was to keep possession of the continent. Fort Charles, the Carolina, Munitionem Carolinam, de regis nomine dictum. De Thou, l XLIV. 531, edition of 1626. so called in honor of Charles IX. of France, first gave a name to the country, a century before it was occupied by the English. The name remained, though the early colony perished. Hening, i. 552; and Thurloe, II. 273, 274. Ribault and the ships arrived safely in France. But July 20. the fires of civil war had been kindled in all the provinces of the kingdom; and the promised reinforcements for Carolina were never levied. The situation of the French became precarious. The natives were friendly; but the soldiers themselves were insubordinate; and dissensions prevailed. The commandant at Carolina repressed the turbulent spirit with arbitrary cruelty, and lost his life
ly issuing an ample patent. The first colonial charter; See the charter, in Hazard, i. 51—58; Stith's Appendix, 1—8 Hening's Statutes of Virginia at large, i. 57—66. In referring to this collection, I cannot but add, that no other state in theny, for which the vain glory of the king found a grateful occupation in framing a code of laws; See the instrument, in Hening, l. 67—75. Compare, also, Stith's Virginia, 37—41; Burk's Virginia, i. 86—92. an exercise of royal legislation which Nond the name of the powerful Cecil, the inveterate enemy and successful rival of Raleigh, appears at the head of chose, Hening, i. 81—88. who were to carry into execution the vast design to which Raleigh, now a close prisoner in the tower, had firsnder the sanction of existing laws, the constitution of Virginia was radically May 23. changed. The new charter In Hening, Stith, and Hazard, II. transferred to the company the powers which had before been reserved to the king. The sup
ndage. The clans of Virginia and Carolina, Hening, i. 481, 482. The act, forbidding the crime, colony favored their early enfranchisement. Hening, i. 257. But this state of labor easily admitt. Stith, 182; Chalmers, 49; Burk, i. 211; and Hening, i. 146, all rely on Beverley. This is, indeedites forbidden under ignominious penalties. Hening, i. 146. For many years, the Dutch were princicrease by a special tax upon female slaves. Hening, II. 84, Act LIV. March, 1662. The statute imarly engaged the attention of the assembly. Hening, i. 119. But legislation, though it can favor istration of Harvey. Burk, i. 275; II. 37. Hening, i. 123. 153. 1632 Meantime, a. change was ority of an original record. Burk, i. 274. Hening, i. 76. While these things were transactin and had been in the colony a twelvemonth. Hening, l. 28, Act 35. The commissioner unfortunately memorable acts of independent legislation. Hening, i. 122—128. Burk, i. 278—286. Stith, 318—32<
es, they levied and appropriated all taxes, Hening, i. 171, Act 38. secured the free industry of c. XI. in II. Mass. Hist. Coll. VIII. 29. Hening, i. 275. Sir William Berkeley was a courtier, ge, whose sagacious conjecture is confirmed in Hening, i. 290, Act 4, session of February, 1645. thep VI.} long in danger of being intercepted, Hening, i. 300, 301, Act 3. yet ten men were considercommerce in which they might engage. s. 21, Hening, i. 94, 95. The last charter was equally free commissioners, unanimously chosen governor. Hening, i. 371. See Stith, 199, who tells the story popular liberty established all its claims. Hening, i. 504, 505. The death of Cromwell made nat Richard Cromwell should be acknowledged. Hening, i. 511. Mar. 1659. But it was a more interesth vessels as were bound for a foreign port. Hening, i. 469. Proposals of peace and commerce betwe bounty was offered for their importation. Hening, i. 418. Conformity had, in the reign of Chap[43 more...]
ere is yet evidence, that commerce with the Indians was earnestly pursued under the sanction of the colonial government. Relation of Maryland, 4; ed. 1635. Smith's History of Virginia, II. 63 and 95. An attempt was made to obtain a monopoly of this commerce Rel. of Maryland, 1635, p. 10. by William Clayborne, whose resolute and enterprising spirit was destined to exert a powerful Chap VII.} 1621 and long-continued influence. His first appearance in America was as a surveyor, Hening, i. 116. sent by the London company to make a map of the country. At the fall of the corporation, he had been appointed by King James a 1624 member of the council; Hazard, i. 189. and, on the accession of Charles, was continued in office, and, in repeated com- 1625 missions, was nominated secretary of state. Ibid. 234 and 239. At the 1627 to 1629 same time, he received authority from the governors of Virginia to discover the source of the Bay of the Chesapeake, and, indeed, any par
nt plantations were planned and perhaps attempted by his assign. Hening, i. 552. Records in the office of the general court at Richmond, l, under the promise of a fourteen years monopoly of the profits. Hening, i. 262. Williamson, i. 91. For more than twenty years, &c. Had Wiwest, to Southern Virginia, or Carolina, Thurloe, II. 273, 274. Hening, i. 552. the early name, which had been retained in the days of Cha p. 3. continued to be encouraged by similar giants. Clayborne, Hening, i. 377. the early trader in Maryland, 1652 still cherished a fonde, or on the south side of the Chowan and its tributary streams. Hening, i. 380, 381. These conditional grants seem not to have taken effec appointed William William. Martin, i. 138, says George Drummond. Hening, II. 226, Act i. identifies the man, and settles the question. Wilirst governor were not known. Drummond, an emigrant to Virginia Hening, i. 549, II. 158. from Scotland, Sir Wm. Berkeley's List, &c., c
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