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Catawba river. The Twentieth corps reached Rocky Mount on the twenty-second, laid a pontoon bridge, and crossed over during the twenty-third. Kilpatrick's cavalry followed, and crossed over in a terrible rain during the night of the twenty-third, and moved up to Lancaster, with orders to keep up the delusion of a general movement on Charlotte, North Carolina, to which General Beauregard and all the cavalry of the enemy had retreated from Columbia. I was also aware that Cheatham's corps, of Hood's old army, was aiming to make a junction with Beauregard at Charlotte, having been cut off by our rapid movement on Columbia and Winnsboro. From the twenty-third to the twenty-sixth we had heavy rains, swelling the rivers and making the roads almost impassable. The Twentieth corps reached Hanging Rock on the twenty-sixth,and waited there for the Fourteenth corps to get across the Catawba. The heavy rains had so swollen the river, that the pontoon bridge broke, and General Davis had very h
l, that the State of Missouri recognized their glorious consequences by giving at the Presidential election a vote of forty thousand majority in favor of the government. This was not the only important result of the campaign to the national cause, for the defeat and discomfiture of Price also released from service in Missouri a large force of our troops, that were sent immediately to General Thomas at Nashville, and they arrived in time to assist in the battles before that place, against General Hood, and it is not too much to assert that this addition General Thomas received to his forces in General A. J. Smith's corps, rendered him victorious in one of the crowning achievements of the war. The mistake of this campaign consisted in not attacking Price on his entry into the State, or as soon after as possible. The same troops were able to defeat Price in the east that afterward did so on the borders of Kansas. All of which is respectfully submitted to your honorable Committee.
in which we are engaged, for he who is so slavish can not be trusted with the sacred guardianship of the widows and orphans of the soldiers who have died in battle. I have just returned from that army from which we have had the saddest accounts — the Army of Tennessee--and I am able to bear to you words of good cheer. That army has increased in strength since the fall of Atlanta. It has risen in tone; its march is onward; its face looking to the front. So far as I am able to judge, General Hood's strategy has been good, and his conduct has been gallant. His eye is now fixed upon a point far beyond that where he was assailed by the enemy. He hopes soon to have his hand upon Sherman's line of communication, and to fix it where he can hold it. And if but a half--nay, one fourth--of the men to whom the service has a right will give him their strength, I see no chance for Sherman to escape from a defeat or a disgraceful retreat. I therefore hope, in view of all the contingencies o
d army wagons, most of which had been captured from Sturgis, destroyed four thousand, new Engliah carbines which were for Forrest's command, and large amounts of ordnance stores and ammunition, with quartermaster's stores and commissary stores for Hood's army. From Verona the command moved south along the line of the road, destroying it thoroughly to a point between Egypt and Prairie stations. At Okolono telegrams were taken from the wires from Lieutenant-General Taylor and Major-General G with ordnance, commissary and quartermasters' stores; also two hundred army wagons, most of which were marked U. S., having been captured from General Sturgis in June last, and which were about being sent, loaded with supplies, to the army of General Hood. The bursting of shells which were contained in this immense depot continued until afternoon of the next day. Colonel Karge fell back five miles to Harrisburg, and encamped with the balance of my command on the same night. I encamped be t
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 11. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 59. battles of Spottsylvania, Va: battle of Sunday, May 8, 1864. (search)
oads where Griffin first met the enemy. The troops, although fighting bravely, were terribly decimated, and gave way. General Robinson fell, wounded in the leg. General Warren, in person, rallied the division. Crawford's Pennsylvania Reserves came up and steadily advanced into the breach, firing telling volleys. Their advance was continued beyond the woods, through a field, and down into a swampy wood beyond, the enemy falling back and leaving a number of prisoners in our hands, chiefly of Hood's Twenty-first Mississippi and Colonel Manning's Third Arkansas regiments. The latter officer was captured. By this time the troops in the rear had been partially reformed, and Crawford's reserves fell back to join the general line. At half-past 2 o'clock the second advance began. The enemy was found in the edge of the woods, but no attack was ordered. Skirmishing continued about three hours, when the troops were recalled and new lines were formed, to which was added that of the Sixth co
on the sixth of February, and Knipe's division of cavalry left Nashville on the twelfth. About the period of the departure of Smith's corps information was received, through various sources, to the effect that part of the shattered remnants of Hood's army, viz., Cheatham's and Lee's corps, where on their way from Mississippi to South Carolina, moving via Selma and Montgomery, Alabama, to reinforce that portion of the enemy's army operating against General Sherman. There remained in Central st any of the enemy's forces in the direction of Mississippi, Mobile, or Macon, as circumstances might demand. The bad state of the roads, combined with the condition of the horses of his command after completing the severe campaign in pursuit of Hood, prevented any movement for the time being, and it was only on the twenty-second of March that General Wilson, with Upton's, Long's, and McCook's divisions, could leave Chickasaw, Alabama. Hatch's division remained at Eastport, Mississippi, and R
ania Reserves were sent around on the rebel right flank, with the view of preventing their recrossing the Ny. The rebels, finding themselves checked, fell back and recrossed the Ny at a point three or four miles above. The rebel force engaged was Hood's division of Ewell's corps, the remainder of the corps supporting. The honor of their repulse rests with Tyler's regiments (heavy artillery used as infantry), which withstood their first baptism of battle nobly. Their loss was heavy, and will pheir successful repulse of the enemy. Approaching with nine regiments of infantry and cavalry, and, at least, four pieces of artillery, they searched our lines from battery Number One to battery Number Twenty-nine, a distance of nearly six miles. Hood's and Batte's battalions, the Forty-sixth regiment Virginia volunteers, and one company (Captain Woods' company F), of the Twenty-third South Carolina, with Sturdivant's battery, and a few guns in position, and Taliaferro's cavalry, kept them at b
mies of Lee and Johnston, who depended on that road for supplies and as their ultimate line of retreat. Major-General J. H. Wilson, also in command of the cavalry corps organized by himself under Special Field Orders No.--, of October twenty-four, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-four, at Gaylesville, Alabama, had started from the neighborhood of Decatur and Florence, Alabama, and moved straight into the heart of Alabama, on a route prescribed for General Thomas after he had defeated General Hood at Nashville Tennessee; but the roads being too heavy for infantry, General Thomas had devolved that duty on that most energetic young cavalry officer, General Wilson, who, imbued with the proper spirit, has struck one of the best blows of the war at the waning strength of the Confederacy. His route was one never before touched by our troops, and afforded him abundance of supplies as long as he was in motion, namely, by Tuscaloosa, Selma, Montgomery, Columbus and Macon. Though in commun
ilitary Division of the Mississippi, from its organization to that date. In pursuance of instructions from General Thomas, I was authorized, after the escape of Hood to the south side of the Tennessee river, to assemble the available force of the corps in the vicinity of Eastport, at the head of steamboat navigation on the Tennion of the Chief Surgeon from the command of a brigade in this division, after having earned great credit with it in the battles about Nashville and the pursuit of Hood from Tennessee. These changes left under my immediate command seventeen thousand men, requiring about five thousand horses to furnish a complete remount. As at that time directed me to report to Major-General Thomas, with my troops, for the purpose of completing the organization and assisting in the operations against Hood and Forrest. From that time till my arrival at this place all of my operations were conducted under instructions either directly from General Thomas or transmitte
lows: As soon as it was dark enough to get away from Thomas's front without endangering his columns from our artillery, Hood had caused his forces to march back through the city and pass on southward on the west side of Intrenchment Creek, and croced westerly. It covered the flank and rear of McPherson's entire force. Hardee now deliberately began his march while Hood in front of Atlanta was holding the forts and curtains opposite Thomas and Schofield, freeing Cheathamis corps that it migam had been wounded, and up which the gallant Force had successfully led his brigade against great odds the day before. Hood, seeing Hardee's soldiers emerge from the timber and ascend the hill, triumphantly said: Cheatham, push out your divisionspulsed Wheeler's vigorous cavalry and artillery attacks and saved all the trains under his care from capture or damage. Hood, at last weary, drew Hardee and Cheatham back to the shelter of the Atlanta forts, leaving havoc behind, but sweeping in s
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