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William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, Chapter 24: conclusion — military lessons of the War. (search)
large space of ground, the magnetic telegraph is by far the best, though habitually the paper and pencil, with good mounted orderlies, answer every purpose. I have little faith in the signal-service by flags and torches, though we always used them; because, almost invariably when they were most needed, the view was cut off by intervening trees, or by mists and fogs. There was one notable instance in my experience, when the signal-flags carried a message of vital importance over the heads of Hood's army, which had interposed between me and Allatoona, and had broken the telegraph-wires — as recorded in Chapter XIX.; but the value of the magnetic telegraph in war cannot be exaggerated, as was illustrated by the perfect concert of action between the armies in Virginia and Georgia during 1864. Hardly a day intervened when General Grant did not know the exact state of facts with me, more than fifteen hundred miles away as the wires ran. So on the field a thin insulated wire may be run on
of retreat down the Coosa, but feared that General Hood would, in that event, turn eastward by Spriectly toward La Fayette, with a view to cut off Hood's retreat. We found him intrenched in Ship's Gcentrate all his own troops, and then turn upon Hood, as he has done, and destroy or fatally crippletion from the Commander-in-Chief, that, in case Hood attempted to strike his communications south ofGeneral Corse moved, it was yet uncertain as to Hood's intention. He was, therefore, directed, withuccess of the garrison at Allatoona, determined Hood to withdraw and try another experiment. Pursthe cavalry on the other bank. The fact that Hood had completely crossed the Coosa and moved nortcupying the old rebel earthworks constructed by Hood's army on its recent retreat from Jonesboro. Cholding themselves in readiness to move against Hood, as soon as the object of the movement he was t railroad was cut about the first of October by Hood's army moving northward. The several army corp[23 more...]
September and ordered to Lookout Mountain. On the third of October, I commenced the campaign against the rebel army under Hood, who had gone to our rear and was operating on our communications. The march was continued daily, via Marietta, Kenesaw MCarlin. The operations of the command during this period consisted of a series of marches after the rebel army, under General Hood, through North-western Georgia to the border of Alabama. The following statements show the principal points arrived ahave the honor to submit the following report of the part performed by this division in the operations of the army against Hood after the capture of Atlanta, and the subsequent advance to and capture of this place. Having gone into camp at Atlanta long and arduous campaign of the summer until about the first of October. It was then ascertained that the rebel army of Hood, recovered from the effect of the recent discomfiture, was moving to the west and north, as if to threaten our communicati
e rear to meet certain movements of the enemy. Our corps being left to hold Atlanta, we commenced the construction of an inner line of forts and rifle-pits, our camp still remaining near the old outer line, which we had strengthened and improved by slashing and abattis. From the third until the twentieth of October, with the exception of a few days, one thousand men from this division worked daily upon the inner line, which was formidably strong. The interruption of our communications by Hood's army, had, by the tenth of October, caused a great scarcity of forage in Atlanta, and to prevent the total sacrifice of our horses and mules, it became necessary to draw entirely upon the surrounding country. The first foraging expedition for this purpose was sent out under my command on the eleventh October. October 11.--At seven A. M. I left Atlanta, in command of a foraging expedition, composed as follows: Detachments from my division under Colonel H. A. Barnum, one thousand and
to their proper commands with a despatch and system unparalleled in my experience, and receipts obtained for them. Lieutenant Sears was engaged seven hours each day, (Sunday excepted,) with all the prisoners of the provost-guard, in sweeping the streets, carrying off the filth, and burying all dead and decaying matter within the limits of the fortifications. The Soldiers' Home furnished meals from over ten thousand (10,000) rations. While, after the army moved northward in pursuit of Hood, about the first of October, detachments of the different army corps left behind with baggage and so forth, were reported to the post commander, pursuant to orders from Major-General Slocum, to the number of twelve thousand seven hundred men, (12,700;) the different detachments commanded by persons of the different grades, from that of colonel to that of corporal. All business on Sundays was stopped in the city, all stores and public buildings closed. When the city of Atlanta was about
my corps; travelled twenty miles, and encamped ten miles south-west of Savannah. 12th. Marched at seven A. M., in the direction of Fort McAllister; camped at McAllister's plantation. 13th. Marched at seven A. M., to Midway. The rebel Colonel Hood, commanding the district, composed of the counties of McIntosh, Liberty, and Scriven, was greatly discomfited by our presence. His men, stationed at Sunbury, Dorchester, and Riceboro, and Station No. Three, were totally demoralized, and fledd. My loss on that occasion was one killed, two mortally wounded, (since died,) and eleven wounded. From Waynesboro we marched on Savannah, passing to the south as far as Midway, and from thence to this place, occasionally skirmishing with Colonel Hood's battalion of rebel cavalry, but without any loss. On the morning of the thirteenth, Captain E. A. Hancock, with detachments from the brigade, (one hundred and twenty men,) marched on an expedition to Altamaha Bridge, but found the enemy (tw
the command. On the twenty-ninth, a telegram was received from General Sherman, intimating that Hood was crossing the Chattahoochee, in the direction of Blue Mountain, and directed me to watch well e information gained of the enemy, except the whereabouts and movement of their cavalry, and that Hood had crossed a part, if not all his force, over the Chattahoochee. I ascertained, on the secondy, (October third,) General Sherman ordered me to suspend a movement I contemplated, stating that Hood was gradually developing his plans, which were of a very extensive character. At noon, on the fonduce General Sherman to signal from Kenesaw (telegraph communication having been destroyed) that Hood was moving on Allatoona, thence to Rome. Large fires were discovered from the Allatoona Heights along the track toward Big Shanty. In short, there remained no doubt of Hood's entire army being near the railroad, north of Kenesaw. My command was in readiness to move in the morning, either on
s reinforced by Whiting's division, composed of Hood's Texas brigade and his own, under Colonel Law,o opportunity for the employment of artillery. Hood, with two brigades, and Wilcox, with three, wero advance, but before the order could be obeyed Hood was himself attacked, and his command at once borward on his right. The enemy was repulsed by Hood after a severe contest, and fell back closely fal Jackson was now directed to take position on Hood's left, and formed his line with his right restFifty-seventh North-Carolina, of Law's brigade, Hood's division. The repulse of the enemy on our rirson's,Hood's,20100120 11th Georgia,Anderson's,Hood's,20178198 1st Georgia,Anderson's,Hood's,27771ia,Toomos's,Hood's,25153 17th Georgia,Toomos's,Hood's,108292 20th Georgia,Toomos's,Hood's,19113132as,Wofford's,Hood's,101828 5th Texas,Wofford's,Hood's,15224239 4th Texas,Wofford's,Hood's,227799 's,1687103 Pickett's, 4646 Ransom's,45463508 Hood's,49294343 McLaws's,17464481 Washington Artil[34 more...]
derous discharges of canister and musketry, General Hood and Colonel Law, at the heads of their respgain into action. The Fifth Texas regiment, of Hood's brigade, and a portion of the Hampton legion,sion, consisting of the Texas brigade, Brigadier-General Hood, and the third brigade, Colonel Law, wth Texas regiment, which, led by the Brigadier, Hood, was the first to break the enemy's line and enoolness and courage. Conspicuous were Brigadier-General Hood and Colonel Law, commanding brigades. the enemy's line was most gallantly carried by Hood. About seven o'clock, the General-in-Chief, ld the crossing, over that stream. Scouts from Hood's brigade and the Third Alabama, Rodes's brigadmorning, on Monday, a small party of Texans, of Hood's brigade, ascertained that the enemy had evacu in person, and with the officers and troops of Hood's and Winder's brigades. The battle was now ovtillery fire from batteries which were taken by Hood's brigade. While under the eminence on which t[10 more...]
the commands of Brigadier-Generals Trimble and Hood. They, however, drove him back across the riveaw's,Hood's,27127154 Eleventh MississippiLaw's,Hood's,896104 Eighteenth GeorgiaWofford's,Hood's,13s's,Hood's,21416 Fifth South CarolinaJenkins's,Hood's,52631 Holcombe LegionEvans's,Hood's, 1818 Egradually subsided as the Yankees retired. General Hood (who had gone in on the right with his two land's brigade,) were moved up to his support. Hood's men always fight well, and they were handsomeil morning, for the purpose of uniting with General Hood in repressing any demonstration of the enemde. Upon reaching the woods, we met parts of Hood's and Early's commands, and, leaving them, immenderson's brigade had been attached to Brigadier-General Hood's command, and Brigadier-General Draytrted by any other troops. Soon after, Brigadier-General Hood's command came from the main pass, andft, and was the only artillery engaged with General Hood's division. In the evening it was engaged [114 more...]
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