hey cut off the blank for the axe-head, and shape and weld it while being held between the dies by means of a mandrel in the hands of the attendant.
At the side of the machine is a punch for trimming the eye and a trip-hammer with suitable dies for trimming the head.
The axe under treatment is moved from one operative part of the machine to another, and swaged to form by successive blows.
Fig. 476 represents a machine in which the axe is made by successive operations between dies.
Hutchins's machine for making axes.
In this illustration, Fig. 1 is a front elevation; Fig. 2 is a side view of the dies p p, and Figs.
3 and 4 are sections of the dies.
Fig. 5 is the iron blank.
Figs. 6, 7, and 8 are the shapes it successively assumes as it comes from between the rollerdies c c and p p, and the bending apparatus z s t. The dies, by successive operations, give it the proper shape on both sides; it is then placed on the upper face of the former, which corresponds to the inner