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Eliza Frances Andrews, The war-time journal of a Georgia girl, 1864-1865, chapter 7 (search)
him about dissolving the Union, and she never dared to open her mouth on the subject in his presence, or her father either, though he and all the rest of them believe in Toombs next to the Bible. I felt differently myself then. Before Georgia seceded, I used to square my opinions more by father. I could see his reasons for believing that secession would be a mistake, and wished that some honorable way might be found to prevent it. I loved the old Union, too — the Union of Washington and Jefferson --as much as I hate the new Union of compulsion and oppression, and I used to quarrel with Henry and Cora for being such red-hot secessionists. Even after the fight began, though my heart and soul were always with the South, I could still see a certain tragic grandeur in the spectacle of the Great Republic struggling desperately for its very existence. On looking back over the pages of this diary, I cannot accuse myself of unreasonable prejudice against the other side. Its pages are
the transfer of Kentucky to the Democratic party. When he died, his sceptre fell to an unlineal hand. A youth, who had gathered his honors in opposition to Mr. Clay, succeeded to his unbounded influence. John C. Breckinridge, who drew to himself much of the enthusiasm that had attached to Mr. Clay, was a man of widely different type. Though born to narrow means, he was the son of a public man whose early death alone cut him off from high distinction. His grandfather had been President Jefferson's attorney-general; his great-grandfather, a signer of the Declaration of Independence; and his lineage was traced to John Knox, the Reformer. Among his immediate and remoter kindred were many distinguished for oratory, in the pulpit, at the bar, and in legislative halls. Breckinridge, though never a severe student, had natural gifts that made him a vigorous writer, an agreeable talker, and a ready and impressive speaker. His person was commanding, his countenance striking, his add
Heros von Borcke, Memoirs of the Confederate War for Independence, Chapter 12: (search)
Chapter 12: Night-ride to Jackson's camp. return across the Mountains. we are cut off by the enemy. fight at Barber's cross-roads. retreat towards Orleans and across the Rappahannock. fights near Waterloo Bridge and Jefferson. Crossing of the Hazel river. bivouac in the snow. scout with General Stuart. headquarters near Culpepper Court-house. reconnaissance in force, and fight near Emmetsville. 4th November. The deep sleep which succeeded to the fatigues of the prevecided to continue the retreat. The bridge, having been prepared with combustibles for this event, was set on fire, and its blazing timbers fell with a loud crash into the waters of the Rappahannock as our column turned off in the direction of Jefferson. This hamlet, which lay eight miles distant towards Culpepper Court-house, we reached soon after dark. Here, as the enemy did not follow up the pursuit, our troops bivouacked for the necessary pickets had been established. The night was e
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 4: life in Lexington. (search)
this desire, however, he was disappointed; another gentleman was elected, and he acquiesced with perfect cheerfulness. In politics, Jackson was always a Democrat. This term, in Virginia, always had reference more to the principles of Federal polity, the assertion of the sovereignty and reserved rights of the States, and the strict limitation of those of the Central Government, with the advocacy of a simple and unambitious exercise of its delegated powers, which were inculcated by Mr. Jefferson, than to a government for the individual States, strictly popular, and founded on universal suffrage. To the latter, the most of the Virginian statesmen of the States' Rights school were no friends; and the State-constitution of South Carolina, the most thoroughly democratic of all the States as to Federal politics, is the farthest removed from literal democracy. But it is probable that Jackson would have accepted the name of a Democrat in more of its literality than the statesmen we hav
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 5: secession. (search)
effect. Since the era of the elder Adams, when the centralizing doctrine was utterly overwhelmed by the election of Mr. Jefferson, they have been professed in theory, though often violated in act, by every Administration of whatever party it mightt, from these principles, that the Federal Government ought to continue what it was in the purer days of Washington and Jefferson, unambitious in its claims of jurisdiction, simple and modest in its bearing, restricted in its wealth and patronage, a party of the free soil, or as they called themselves Republicans (impudently assuming the name of the party founded by Jefferson, whose every principle in Federal politics they outraged!) nominated a purely sectional ticket, headed by Abraham Lincos were raised at the South, and a few at the North, in solemn remonstrance. Our enemies were reminded that Washington, Jefferson, and the other fathers of the Government, had predicted, that the triumph of a sectional party in the Confederation wou
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 38: operations in lower valley and Maryland. (search)
rs at that place, and prevent them from following. Imboden had reached the railroad, at the South Branch of the Potomac, and partially destroyed the bridge, but had not succeeded in dislodging the guard from the block-house at that place. He had been taken sick and very little had been accomplished by the expedition; and his brigade, now under the command of Col. George H. Smith, had returned. Early on the morning of the 8th the whole force moved; Rodes, through Crampton's Gap, to Jefferson; Breckenridge, through Fox's Gap; and Ramseur, with the trains, through Boonsboro Gap, followed by Lewis' brigade, which had started from Harper's Ferry the night before, after burning the trestle-work on the railroad, and the stores which had not been brought off. Breckenridge and Ramseur encamped near Middletown, and Rodes near Jefferson. Ransom had occupied Catoctan Mountain, between Middletown and Frederick, with his cavalry, and had skirmished heavily with a body of the enemy at the
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Index. (search)
37, 43, 51, 74-79, 84, 86-90, 92-94, 97-109, 111, 112, 114-16, 119, 120, 122-27, 129, 131-32, 134-145, 149, 151, 153, 155-56, 158, 162-66, 170-72, 174, 177-78, 180-81, 183, 187-88, 190, 194-97, 212-217, 234-236, 241, 285, 297, 301, 361, 368, 403, 431 Jackson's River, 327-28, 340, 369 Jackson's River Depot, 328 Jackson's River Valley, 330 Jacob's Ford, 317 James River, 57, 58, 63, 65, 73, 77, 86, 92, 104, 105, 132, 160, 191, 236-37, 342-43, 364, 369, 376, 465 Jarman's Gap, 464 Jefferson, 113, 386 Jefferson County, 366, 369, 401, 461 Jenkins, General, 156, 251, 254, 263 Jerrett, Colonel, George, 3 Johnson, Captain, Elliot, 263 Johnson, General B. T., 78, 381, 384, 386, 392, 394, 401, 405, 407, 410, 416, 421 Johnson, General, Edw., 236-240, 243, 249, 250, 252-55, 263, 270-73, 275-76, 278, 281, 284, 304, 306, 307, 318-23, 325, 345-47, 349, 351, 355, 359 Johnson's Battery, 122, 123 Johnson's Cavalry, 385 Johnston, Colonel, Wm. P., 473, 476 Johnston,
nued until bedtime, when, again joining in a supplication to the Throne of Grace, we retired for the night. But sleep was a stranger to my eyes, for my foot and hand, although Aunt Katy had dressed them skillfully, gave me excessive pain. As I lay writhing on my couch, I was unable to banish the thoughts that came flashing into my mind concerning the bondmen of the South; and I pondered deeply whether I could not do something toward benefitting them. Yet when such men as Washington and Jefferson failed, how should I succeed? But, exclaims the tender-footed Union man, you would not intimate that Washington was an abolitionist? To such an one I would say, Hear the words of that great and good man. The benevolence of your heart, my dear Marquis, is so conspicuous on all occasions, that I never wonder at fresh proofs of it. But your late purchase of an estate in the colony of Cayenne, with a view of emancipating the slave, is a generous and noble proof of your humanity. W
ourage to repair, if possible, these horrors and atrocities! Now, these things are all perfectly reasonable. Though written a long time ago, they are now not the less true; and those of us who may live to see the end of this war will know well the cause of it; and I trust that the rising generation may profit by the history of their fathers. May they learn from their earliest years to denounce the name that offers an apology for the dark curse of slavery! It was of this evil that Jefferson spoke in the original Declaration of Independence, drafted by himself, but suppressed by Southern influence. The language is: He has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of life and liberty, in the persons of a distant people, who never offended him; capturing them and carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere, or to incur miserable death in their transportation thither. This piratical warfare, the opprobrium of infidel powers, is th
y. One day, the wife of Samuel Adams returning home from a visit, informed her husband that a dear friend had made her a present of a female slave. My dear, replied Mr. Adams, she may come; but not as a slave, for a slave cannot live in my house. If she comes, she must be free. She came, and took up her free abode with the family of this great champion of American liberty, and there she continued free until her death. General Kosciusko, by his will, placed in the hands of Mr. Jefferson a sum exceeding twenty thousand dollars, to be laid out in the purchase of young female slaves, who were to be both educated and emancipated. The laws of Virginia prevented the will of Kosciusko from being carried into effect-1820. A tyrant power had captured nine hundred and twenty Sardinian slaves, of whom General William Eaton thus makes mention: Many have died of grief, and others linger out a life less tolerable than death. Alas! remorse seizes my whole soul when I ref
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